What it is important to know about feelings and ability to own them?
of Feeling of the child are formed by education and circumstances of his life: they arise and develop in the course of cognitive and practical activities. With development of the kid primitive emotions of pleasure and displeasure receive a subject orientation and contact perception. At this time adults can operate direct or indirect actions emotional life of the child, cultivating feelings.
is Enough to show to the kid a toy to cause in it a certain emotion through the attitude towards her.
Parents should remember that any subject and any situation can create in soul of the child both pleasure, and fear depending on the adult`s attitude towards them. The kid can be unaffected by danger, if the adult, his parent, behaves quietly and vice versa - to be afraid of simple things if feel at him alarm. The parent, making actions with a subject, shows its properties and teaches children to use them, exciting the esthetic and intellectual experiences developing into feelings. So adults own example teach the child to emotional experience of reality.
At children of both preschool, and younger school age of feeling dear parents, about impact on them of your own behavior, own emotions are brought up not only owing to the organization of a certain way of life and activity, subject influence, verbal communication, but also as a result of imitation therefore do not forget. The assessment by the parent or the tutor of behavior of the kid has separate value - it can serve as means of fixing of the positive emotional relations and braking negative.
And feelings - the properties which are shown in the form of processes of experiences and states are formed. They are subdivided into three groups: moral, intellectual and esthetic. Moral - regulate behavior and activity of the person, intellectual - reveal his emotional relation to knowledge of natural phenomena and public life, esthetic - show the emotional attitude to fine in life and art.
Moral senses are various on the orientation and contents. The main object of these feelings are relationship of people, their thoughts and acts, they arise and develop in the course of communication. Very important role in formation of moral senses at the child is played education filosofsko - analytical judgment of life and training.
From infantile age there have to be objects of experiences and reflections of the kid, his imitative activity a respect of others life, foreign opinion, someone else`s property, others work, compassion, the kind attitude towards relatives, condemnation of unworthy acts … do not forget
, dear parents that the child builds the own attitudes towards people on a sample of the relations of adults that murderers and bastards are not born - them become natives of different families, at different age, a different nationality and in different public systems. Morally - the psychological atmosphere of life of children in a family is of great importance for formation of their moral senses.
The indifference to others life, contempt for laws of society, all-consuming passion to a profit, aspiration to achieve the objective by all means lead, as a rule, to loss of humanity and the general degradation of the personality. Moral senses are formed in the course of emotional response to relationship of people during labor, educational, game activity and shown in the form of affection of the child for parents, to collective, to friends in the beginning. In formation of these feelings education and training have crucial importance.
As the regulator of moral behavior of the person his conscience representing emotionally - the estimated relation to own acts acts. This relation appears in case of reliable assimilation of norms of morality in requirements of society to behavior of the child. For the preschool child and the younger school student experience of conscience is most often connected with offense and fear of punishment. The highest manifestation of conscience is the experience inducing to is moral - to fair behavior. Conscience allows to warn also a possibility of a deviation from ethical standards in the future.
Intellectual feelings act at kids in the form of emotion of curiosity in the beginning. Curiosity - the emotion which is very quickly passing. In the course of systematic knowledge inquisitiveness is formed. The highest level of intellectual feeling is the serious research attitude towards object of knowledge and can have specialized selective character.
Esthetic senses are formed at children at decisive influence of education and shown in emotions of polar experiences of harmony and disharmony, pleasure and grief, sublime and low, fine and disgusting … Development of esthetic senses leads
, as a rule, to increase of morality. Literary works and arts exert a great influence on education of moral and esthetic senses of the child. Bright impressions about good and bad leave for the rest of life at kids of the fairy tale. Children are raised by means of fiction since two years, and sometimes in addition earlier.
Ability to own the emotions - an important and necessary element of the hostel and education. And here postulates of ancient philosophers very opportunely can be useful: “ Moderation in everything and rationality “. The correct education demands extreme sincerity and simplicity in the relations between parents and children. Do not allow a leveling position: children grow up and begin to dictate in a family. Kids have to be sure that their parents are people skilled, knowing: they direct and bring up.
Cultivating restraint in the child, you not only train him will, but also a beryozhyota nervous system of the kid. Beauty and depth of human feelings are emphasized by the constraining brakes which on them are imposed. These brakes should be brought up, they can be useful in many cases of life. First of all they provide necessary restraint of parents and the general, quiet tone of a family. To be able to dominate always emotions and passions, never to lose a main objective and details - in it and ability to bring up consists. Try to oppose reasonable commitment of will to excessive manifestation of feelings.
It is bad if in education of feelings predominate unsystematic character, accident and absence of attention to details if parents admire forwardness of the child, his slyness if most of all in the relations with it they are disturbed by catering services. Attentive parents know that approximately till seven years in children`s eyes it is possible to read thoughts of the child and intention, they see and understand details: expression of eyes, gait, mimicry, movement.
Education of moral senses is helped by only those influences which cause certain emotions or experiences. Feelings do not arise by itself, big work that they arose is required and developed, remember it, dear parents. Take care also the children, success to you in education at them moral and esthetic senses!