What do we know about the Siege of Leningrad?
on January 27, 1944 the young sailor - the Baltic Fleet sailor Pavel Polyak remembered on all the life. About 11 o`clock in the afternoon the hockey match on the championship of Leningrad in hockey began. And at midday the air was rended by a powerful volley of artillery pieces.
- Firing, - shouted someone, - lay down! - and the first flopped on ice of Neva.
- Brothers! Yes it is ours! Ours!!!
So began the well-known break.
Blockade and hockey! Cannot be!
- Why cannot? - the veteran took offense. - We speak about 1944. And in April, 1942 command knew that Germans issued the illustrated " newspaper; Leningrad - the city of the dead “.
in reply to May 6, 1942 the football match between the " teams is played; Dynamo “ and the national team of garrison of Leningrad which ended with a victory of Dynamo members with the score 7:3.
A is known to you of such fact? In the besieged city about 1200 cards, with a general circulation about 30 million were published (!) copies. These cards, coming to the front, to other Russian cities as if spoke - Leningrad is live!
What today very famous when we speak about 900 terrible days and nights of the besieged city? The first - “ Road of Life “. But not all know that this name belongs to three various ways of cargo delivery to Leningrad. First so called the waterway. On September 12, 1941 to moorings of the cape Osinovets from east coast of Lake Ladoga send two barges, having delivered 626 tons of grain and 116 tons of flour. From September 12 to November 15, when navigation officially ended, across Ladoga it was succeeded to deliver 24 097 t of grain, torments and grain, more than 1130 t of meat and dairy products. Or 20 - day need of the city.
On November 22 to ice there was the first motorcade of cargo cars GASES - AA. The ice road began to work on November 26, 1941. All road from - for fatigue of ice had to be moved to the new route. And for the first month of work the road was transferred to new routes four times, and its separate sites are even more often.
the Road consisted of two ring routes, each of which had two separate directions of the movement - for the cargo movement (to the city) and for empties or evacuation (from the city). The first - along Zhikharevo`s route - the station Lake Ladoga. Total length of flight on the first ring route made 83 km. Second Route for transportation of goods passed
along Voybokalo`s route - the station Lake Ladoga. Total length - 111 km.
And the branch line appeared a bit later. The temporary branch 33 km long which through Volkhovstroy connected Leningrad with a railway system of the country began to be built only on January 19, 1943. The route passed in 3 - 5 km from enemy positions. Received the name “ Road of a victory “.
A already on February 7, 1943. - to the Finnish station there arrived the first train from the Continent, among freights 800 tons of the food are delivered.
The second sign definition of the Leningrad blockade - norm of delivery of bread. To the middle of September, 1941 of reserves of flour and grain remained for 35 days, grain and macaroni - on 30, meat - on 33, fats - on 45, sugar and confectionery - for 60 days. Within September - November of norm of delivery of bread to the population decreased five times. Also the standard daily rate of food in troops was sharply reduced.
Here only a few figures. On September 2, 1941 the norm of bread for working hot shops made 800 g a day, for dependents and children on 300 g. Next week, on September 11, already 700, 250 and 300 g according to. And on November 20 such norm - 375 g for working hot shops and on 125 g for dependents and children was established. - it is simple to
How many it is 125 g to see. Take 350 - gram long loaf and divide it into 3 parts!
Such very rigid norms held on more than 35 days and only on December 25 were slightly increased.
Today we have an opportunity to glance and “ on that side of the " front;. In 2000 in Germany the military diary of the German gunner V. Buff " was published; Near Leningrad “.
Here endurance from records:
“ On November 17, 1941
is five weeks old we on this position. Were equipped by means of primitive means and already got used to life in dugouts. Nights became quieter recently, and mostly we sleep a deep sleep. The artillery and the opponent`s planes strongly reduced the activity, and several weeks we have no losses.
Though we also take positions at the besieged Leningrad, but not as you imagine it. Our tools do not shoot there, but we hear from where we - that published a roar of large-caliber artillery which fires on the purposes.
our food supply is carried out regularly and in enough. At such cold there is a terrible appetite “.
But not full fascists, and the Russian people exhausted with hunger, cold and diseases won.
Strength of mind? Hatred to the enemy? Desire to live?
Probably, both that, and another, and the third. But the main thing - everyone tried to keep up to the end what it costed.