When Maslenitsa comes?
Close eyes for a minute and present: in the spring morning you wake up because that behind a window is recklessly bashed out by an accordion, rollicking songs reach. Hurrah! Maslenitsa came! Pleskayete in a face cold water from a tub, you throw a heavy antiquated sheepskin coat over shoulders, you jump into valenoks and - run on the street. Without cap. If only to fun not to be late. And on the street … Round dances and fervent chastushkas, clowns and buffoons, fisticuffs “ in private “ and “ a wall on a wall “ scientist Toptygin and “ goat bodaty “ … The attractive force of Pancake week buffoonery attracts and attracts.
Actually that for us “ Maslenitsa “? For someone it is a farewell to winter. And for someone - the Lent meeting. The church included Maslenitsa in a festive calendar and marks out her as “ cheese week “. But, whatever were the reasons of expectation of a holiday, all the same, it is a holiday. Holiday for which there is a wish. Bells, an accordion, a smooth column with morocco boots above as a prize, - eh as we lack all this in “ stone jungle “.
Remember the childhood, - the river, the lake or the huge square, a festivity, “ farewell to winter “. Sledge, horses, buffoons, amusing fights by bags, competitions etc. Kalatches, bagels and, of course, pancakes. Big-bellied samovars with tea in which ruddy faces of maidens are reflected in elegant scarfs. It is a pity that now it can be seen more often unless, at cinema yes in the large cities. In Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, this holiday is always spent in a big way. Special agencies, sponsors and departments on culture do not feel sorry for means. And here for a long time it is not in the province.
Usually Maslenitsa falls on the period since the end of February prior to the beginning of March as calendar border between winter and in the spring. This year Pancake Week will last from February 12 to February 18. But you should not be surprised to the fact that Maslenitsa begins earlier, than usually, is one from so-called “ mobile “ holidays. “ Mobile “ holidays are counted from Easter. And date of celebration of Easter is defined according to a lunar calendar.
Historical roots of Maslenitsa go to the extreme antiquity. All liked to walk and always, - both in Russia, and in “ to the nemetchena “. Similar in ceremonies and by dates the European holidays indicate that “ a pra - Maslenitsa “ it was noted during the doslavyansky period.
In Scotland for Maslenitsa it was accepted the " furnace; fast " flat cakes;. In the palms put together filled an oatmeal handful, then strong compressed flour in palms and immersed in cold water, and baked the received sphere in the center directly in hot ashes.
In one of the cities of England competitions in run of women to pancakes on a frying pan are already held.
At schools of Denmark these days theatrical representations, concerts are held. School students exchange signs of friendship, transmit to the friends through acquaintances comic letters without indication of the return address.
And in the Czech Republic these cheerful days young guys with the persons smeared with soot under music bypass all village, bringing for themselves the decorated wooden whetstone - “ klatik “. It runs after each girl or becomes attached to a hand or a leg. You wish to pay off - pay.
On the Balkans you will be put by all means in a pork trough and dragged on the village. And on a roof of own house you can find a figure of the straw grandfather.
And in Russia still is possible to see a lot of pagan in Pancake week ceremonies.
Maslenitsa for Russians - all the same that a carnival for Italians, especially as also initial sense of holidays same: in translation from Italian “ carnival “ (from armor. “ carne - vale “) - “ farewell, " meat;! For any country a carnival it a symbol of material and spiritual wealth. “ Though put yourself, and carry out Maslenitsa! “ - amusing week demands. Therefore nobody, even the most hard-fisted and economical person, was weighed upon festive expenses.
This holiday is associated with the reddened happy physiognomy of the rusich chewing pancake and that on his beard melted butter by all means flew down. Pancakes!!! Pancakes - a symbol of the sun, spring and Maslenitsa!
Began to cook pancakes in advance, from the very first day of a holiday and baked then all week. Baked them differently: big, in all frying pan, thin and easy, with pripeka, stuffings. Each hostess has the recipe. Also try it find out, - will not tell for anything!
The first pancake for Maslenitsa was traditionally devoted to the dead. With words: “ Honest our parents, here for your nice fellow a blinok! “ pancake was put on a bozhnitsa or on a roof. Pancakes also brought to the died ancestors on graves on Forgiveness Sunday. It is surprising how in this holiday pagan and Christian rites intertwine!
Pancake Week in itself is not uniform. Every day this week has the name:
Monday - “ meeting “ - a celebration of Pure Maslenitsa - the wide boyar.
Tuesday - “ zaigrysh “ - on Tuesday impetuous, cheerful and daring games, drivings, entertainments
- " began Wednesday; gourmand “ - on “ gourmand “ mothers-in-law accepted sons-in-law to pancakes, and for an entertainment of sons-in-law convoked all family.
Thursday - “ revelry “ (a change, wide Thursday) - on Thursday broad revelry began: driving on streets, fisticuffs, Christmas carols
Friday - “ mother-in-law`s evenings “ - on mother-in-law parties sons-in-law treated mothers of the wives with pancakes yes sweets.
Saturday - “ daughter-in-law parties “ - on “ daughter-in-law parties “ the young daughter-in-law invited the husband`s family to herself on a visit.
Sunday - “ farewell “ (the tselovalnik forgiven day) - in the last day of Maslenitsa all each other apologized, newly married went on the family, presented the father-in-law and the mother-in-law, matchmakers and druzhek for wedding gifts.
So, celebrate Maslenitsa, but you remember “ Every day isn`t Sunday, there will be also a Lent! “