How used animals in war?
Already many thousands of years last friendship of the person with animals. They help us with the most different life situations including very heavy - for example, with military operations.
Of course, that picture with which I decided to illustrate this article - no more than the joke urged to lift patriotic spirit. As far as I know, there are no real examples of fighting application of bears in the history.
And if it is serious, then the first animal who is remembered in this regard - of course, a horse . Comments are excessive here. In the millennia a horse and the soldier, merging in a whole, represented terrible force. It is difficult to forget a cavalry role even today in spite of the fact that law enforcement agencies almost always the first accept all technical innovations. You remember how recent attacks of mounted police to the Jewish settlers in the Gaza Strip, or on protesters in Hungary effectively looked? And in England right traditions and some other countries “ cavalry “ many regiments which for a long time were training for a new profession in prospecting or tank are called.
Sometimes, horses served people and after death. In the Middle Ages their corpses threw in the enemy cities by means of catapults to bring there causative agents of all diseases.
Sometimes the horse was replaced by other animals. Let`s tell, in Sweden police and army “ huntsman “ (or rangers) sometimes moved on elks , and in Arabia and North Africa riders long since preferred to use of camels . The camel cavalry as a part of the British and French armies actively participated even in World War II. And, meeting a usual cavalry, inhabitants of the desert often won a victory because horses were simply frightened camels from - for their roar and a smell!
By the way, about a smell. Another the animal very unpleasant in this regard, on the contrary, could serve to horses kind service: sometimes cavalrymen to frighten off from them different parasites, kept in a stable of a goat .
Animals, the second for the military value, probably, should call a dog . Thanks to the intuition, attention and learning ability the dog in many cases becomes the irreplaceable assistant to the frontier guard, the sapper, the operator... History knows a unique example of how our canine friends were selflessly betrayed to us in the most desperate situation: at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War the Soviet sappers formed special groups of dogs - fighters of tanks - as if we told now, “ suicide bombers “...
And here ancient Romans and barbarians adjoining to them used absolutely other qualities of dogs: they held rack of the strong and aggressive dogs capable not only to conduct search, but also in a literal sense to gnaw through a throat to the opponent. From those times some modern breeds of dog, for example Rottweilers and mastiffs, and also expression " went; dogs of war “.
Separately it is worth mentioning of fighting elephants . As we know, the Carthago commander Hannibal is obliged to them by the progress. The role of an elephant in fight was a little other than a role, say, of a horse. It in a peace time the elephant can seem no more than one more transport animal, here he represented the live weapon, and frightening. The Roman soldiers reasonably preferred to avoid prospect to finish life under tusks or legs of these giants, but if collision nevertheless happened, then the few survived. Especially if to elephants put on special blades tusks, and on a back put shooters. For the last, by the way, the best firing position was difficult to be found: and it is convenient to shoot, and the enemy will hardly get.
Today not only textbooks of history, but also very habitual thing - chess remind of this element of ancient fighting power. This game was born from the Indian military science, and arrangement of figures reflects a standard disposition of army. Remember: the castle, a horse, and is farther who? So “ officers “ here at anything!.
However Romans soon found means against elephants: having understood that those are afraid of fire, they began to let out in the battlefield herds of the pigs covered with pitch and to set fire to them. Here such, at all unusual, the example of application of animals in military operations took place in the ancient time.
One more unusual example noted World War I. For the first time in the history battles were actively conducted not only by land and by sea, but also in air, and participated in them both people and the aircraft created by them, and primordial owners of air space - for example, eagles whom Germans trained to attack the opponent`s airplanes.
If conversation came about birds, it is necessary to pay tribute to carrier pigeons . Neither the telegraph, nor radio, nor other means of communication long could force out them. Any signal can be deciphered, to intercept the messenger, and in a pigeon to whom will come to mind to shoot? Unless only if quartermasters absolutely badly work...
People of military allies and among sea fauna look for. So, Napoleon had once an idea to take Britain, having transported through La - Mansh on whales, and now voyenno - naval forces of the USA actively conduct work with dolphins .
In a word, dumb animals help out us. But we should not forget that war - all this is angrily including for the nature. Therefore as the cat Leopold advised - let`s live in peace and friendship!