How to train children`s memory?
Many parents complain about a large number of information which is obtained at school by their children. They are sacredly sure that their child will not be able physically to perform the homework consisting of the following items, for example:
and) to learn three rules from the English grammar;
) to prepare retelling on literature;
in) to remember the proof of Pythagorean theorem.
A possibilities of human memory are almost boundless - scientists so assure us.
All know that memory in the doctrine is not less important, than assiduity and discipline. And the scientists studying possibilities of human intelligence are convinced that we use our memory only for 10%. Though this small part allows us to store and reproduce a huge number of information. Besides children`s memory much more flexible - all of us know that verses in the childhood study quicker and more simply, than in 30 years, and is written and told about early training in foreign languages much. But you should not rely only on the nature. Parents can help the child to develop and improve his memory, carrying out with him simple exercises. There are 13 receptions which parents can use.
1. “ Photography “.
of People is remembered quicker with, but what pays closer attention. In this game we learn to concentrate on objects. Spread out different things on a desk: toys, handles, cards, pencils. Suggest the child to consider attentively them, having remembered that where lies - as if to photograph a look. Then let he will close eyes and will remember how many objects were, their form, color, the size, an arrangement and so on.
2. “ Repetition - mother of the doctrine “.
All know this proverb. But whether you know how it is correctly necessary to repeat? Better to remember material (for example, the poem), it is necessary to follow the following scheme: - to read
several times aloud;
- to reproduce on memory right after reading;
- to repeat in 20 minutes;
- to repeat in 8 hours;
- to repeat in a day, it is the best of all for the night.
The matter is that memory happens short-term and long-term. First of all short-term memory works. Any of us can repeat the last phrase of the interlocutor at once after its pronouncing, but in a couple of minutes we will convey only its general meaning, but not literally because the volume of short-term memory is small. After repetition information “ moves “ in long-term memory where it can be stored much longer - on condition of use of the remembered data.
3. “ Representing Cicero “. the Antique speaker Cicero by preparation of the speeches used
a storing visualization method: he learned each fragment of the speech in different rooms, connecting the text with a certain corner of the house, and then, speaking at a meeting of the Senate, mentally repeated the way. Try to learn the poem with the child, tying each line to a situation in his room. Touch memory which is a basis for short-term memory belongs to sense organs. For this reason signals of storing work quickly.
That such yawning? Vigorous supply of a brain with oxygen. Therefore ability to concentrate improves. You want to strengthen effect? During a yawn massage the lower jaw - you stimulate with it work of numerous nerves which go straight to a brain.
the British scientists made experiment and established that with chewing gum the training material is remembered 35% better, than without it. It is possible the matter is that long chewing stimulates production of insulin which improves digestion of glucose cells of a brain, so, and storing process. Other question - as far as it is useful for teeth and health in general … for
6. Dance! Or write down
the child in sports section. Any physical activity improves blood circulation of a brain, intensifies mental processes which provide perception, processing and reproduction of information. Dances or sport besides demand concentration of attention and concentration that trains memory mechanisms.
7. Massage session.
Teach the child to the simplest ways of self-massage: easy percussion up to a breast and a neck stimulates blood circulation too, removes stress, helps work of a brain. Enter this exercise into morning exercises - then massage will become regular.
8. Work as fingers. Development of small motility is useful for
not only for calligraphical handwriting. Weaving of baubles, an embroidery crosses, threading of beads - all these actions speed up work of a brain. It is possible to drum finger-tips on a table (or on piano keys), to squeeze and unclench cams, to press palms on a table surface. There is a set of finger-type games when the text is followed by the movements of hands. For example, “ Thunder-storm “:
Zakapali of a drop (to knock with two fingers of each hand on a table) ,
It is raining (to knock with four fingers) . It pours
in buckets (you knock stronger) .
Went a hail (stones of fingers beat a tattoo) .
Sparkles a lightning (to a poshipita, draw with a finger in air a zigzag) .
Rattles a thunder (drum fists or clap) !
Everything quickly run away home (hide hands for a back) .
A again brightly shines in the morning the sun (describe both hands a big circle) .
9. Private theatricals.
Memory needs to train as any muscle of our body. Try to organize private theatricals, putting every weekend playlets. Let little actors learn verses and recite them before a family lunch.
10. Have a good time. Try time to do
in a week “ in total on the contrary “: you brush teeth the left hand (lefthanders - certainly, right), you hold “ incorrectly “ spoons and forks, write in a draft copy “ not that “ hand. It will help to make active that hemisphere of a brain which in usual life is less loaded.
11. Healthy nutrition.
Fish, seafood, vegetable oil, cereals, vegetables improve memory. A small amount of farinaceous food and potatoes will not damage too: carbohydrates give energy to an organism. And, on the contrary, it is better to limit sweet. Though the piece of chocolate is capable “ to urge on “ tired brain. Do not forget also about polyvitamins, iodine is especially important for memory.
One more council - from aromaterapevt. Rosemary, lemon and mint essential oils stimulate memory. The aromalamp can light in the room of the child with an oil drop.
the good mood also promotes memory development. If something disturbs the child, he will worse remember. Teach him to the simplest methods of relaxation - deep breaths and exhalations calm and concentrate attention.
Do not allow the child to consider that everything cannot be learned. Perhaps! The main thing - to train the memory. And together to do it is more cheerful. And it is useful to parents - for their own memory!