How drivers underestimate danger on roads?
Each driver has to predict development dorozhno - a transport situation, first of all, correctly to estimate that danger which can suddenly arise. Obviously, danger degree dorozhno - a transport situation directly depends on that, the driver for elimination of threat of an event what is the time has. The low-dangerous situation - it means that the driver has enough to anticipate time threat events. At the same time it can apply various methods of its elimination: to brake smoothly or quickly, to maneuver also other. In a dangerous situation the driver can anticipate events, applying only fast and sharp actions. And of course, at the choice of such actions, the driver is not able to consider their possible consequences for other participants of the movement. (Unless we reflect what behind us someone moves when we see the pedestrian who is stealing a march and sharply we brake? Of course, no.)
But taking into account that there are two types of danger - subjective and objective, it is necessary to consider them differently.
Objective danger of a road site. This danger is defined by the number of road accident on a concrete site which happened for a certain period. Estimating indicators, the traffic police publishes statistics on which it is visible the most abnormally dangerous sites. Passing them, the driver is potentially ready to danger. Numerous supervision of the road accident or emergencies which did not lead to road accident on a certain site also belong to an objective assessment. Agree, each of us knows such places in the city.
Value judgment of a situation often does not answer existing, that is, objective. For example, such turns of the road which at first sight do not foretell danger, but actually these impressions incorrect as actually the angle of rotation upon much more, than seems meet. On such sites there are also road accidents. On the other hand, such sites which danger is obvious meet. For example, there passes the two-way road, there are vehicles, occur pogruzochno - discharging, repair of the road or similar circumstances. On such site of the road usually all reduce speed and, thus, reduce objective danger of a situation. Inability of the driver to precisely define degree of danger can be a cause of accident.
In traffic often meet situations (for example, the most widespread - an unexpected exit of the pedestrian to the carriageway) which danger is insignificant, but is possible. How drivers in such situations behave? Everything depends on the place of the events. Imagine abrupt turn. Along the road trees grow, there are columns, perhaps, on turn the stall therefore it is not visible that behind turn is established. Carriageway width standard. Intensity of the movement small (not the yards, of course). On such sites the driver who goes for the first time, chooses the speed which allows to stop the car at unexpected emergence on the road of counter transport. The same who often goes this road and well know that probability of emergence of the oncoming car small, approaching turn at a speed at which counter travel will be almost impossible, strongly risks - he estimates only danger of transport and how to be with the danger connected with pedestrians?
Most of drivers ignore the high-speed mode in a night-time. Most of drivers move with a speed which much more exceeds safe, that is, such which would allow to stop before collision with suddenly arisen pedestrian.
Probability of sudden appearance of the pedestrian on the road is regarded by many drivers as the unexpected phenomenon therefore it just does not undertake in attention. Whether works Russian “ perhaps “ whether still that. I do not know. Perhaps excessive self-confidence. But for certain many of us, seeing serious road accident, some time move more slowly, than usually, estimating a road situation more attentively.
Is obvious that young drivers overestimate the skill which has to compensate mistakes, and get into accident more often. Somehow, right at the beginning, when I took the wheel, it seemed to me that I already well drive the car and I am able to afford slightly more recklessness. Even after several road accidents I continued to go so until one clever person told me: “ You learn to drive the car slowly, normally. Learn to estimate a road situation, and you will drive then “ … I listened to it. I learned to steer in principle correctly the car, and only after that began to afford slightly bigger. Now I tell this phrase to all!
Ya I wish you accident-free driving! Good luck on roads!