How to get rid of difficult spots by means of liquid ammonia
From the chemical point of view liquid ammonia is a solution of ammonia in water. On sale it is known on the name “ ammonia of water 25% “ and in drugstores it is possible to buy “ " ammonia solution; containing from 9,5% to 10,5% of ammonia in the distilled water. It is necessary to handle with liquid ammonia with care - the ammonia which is emitted from it irritates mucous membranes. Therefore opening a bottle with liquid ammonia, do not bend over it and always turn off a bottle neck from yourself aside. It is impossible to store liquid ammonia in a bottle without label and in the places available to children at all.
In the councils offered below not only the amount of the required liquid ammonia, but also its concentration in most cases are specified. If concentration is not specified, means it is about 25% liquid ammonia . Of course, it can be replaced and “ pharmaceutical “ a preparation, having made the corresponding recalculation on the mass of substance. So.
Before addressing the main problem - removal of spots, we will concern still the important party of use of nashatarny alcohol. It is high-quality washing of clothes and linen . Of course, it is possible to use modern means for mitigation of linen and removal of spots, but liquid ammonia will cope at all not worse, and will cost considerably cheaper. If you need to soft water for a hand wash of linen , then add to water for washing 1 - 3 teaspoons of liquid ammonia on 10 liters of water. However initially it is necessary to make sure that sal ammoniac is not contraindicated to fabric which you want to wash.
If on your things incidentally there were spots and usual means do not help, do not worry and you do not hurry to get rid of a thing. The same sal ammoniac helps to get rid of the spots which are not removed in the usual way. Strongly become shiny places on suede which usually are elbow bends, should wipe with the wadded tampon moistened in liquid ammonia. And the become shiny places on a collar of a coat or suit should be wiped with the wadded tampon moistened with solution of 5 g of table salt in 25 g of 10% liquid ammonia.
As for footwear with textile top , brush it and wash in soap water with addition of a small amount of liquid ammonia.
Perfectly is suitable liquid ammonia and for cleaning of felt hats . For this purpose it is necessary to wipe with the wadded tampon moistened in 10% liquid ammonia the polluted or become shiny places against the direction of pile.
of the Spot on carpets from fruit, berries and red wine should be removed cold water to which a small amount of liquid ammonia is added. on fragile china it is also easy for
of the Spot to remove by means of the liquid ammonia dissolved in cold water.
of the Spot from light cotton fabrics move away from cosmetics not divorced sal ammoniac, and the cleared places wash out cold flowing water.
of Bigger patience will demand of a spot from coffee, chocolate or tea on fabric . In these cases prepare 1% ammonia solution, then moisten a spot with this solution and leave for several minutes then wipe with a wadded tampon and wash out cold water.
On leather things often remain spots from a rain or a sleet which not to remove by means of usual water. Here 4 ml of 5% of liquid ammonia will help with solution from 50 ml of the distilled water. This solution moistens a soft towel which wipes the soiled clothes. Spots on white felt hats also move away liquid ammonia in mix with the distilled water in a proportion from a rain 5:5. The wadded tampon becomes impregnated with this solution, and the polluted place is wiped with it without efforts then the hat should be dried a pure towel and to brush.
Will help to get rid sal ammoniac and from the dried-up oil paint . Such spots soften previously, greasing with vaseline, and then wipe with turpentine or pure gasoline. Then the spot is wiped by 10% with ammoniac solution and will carefully caress a thing in cold water.
is frequent on a light kidswear there are indelible spots from milk . Such spots need to be wiped with pure gasoline in the beginning, several times changing a substrate under fabric, then moisten with warm 1% ammoniac solution and rinse warm water.
of the Spot from eggs on white cotton fabrics wash out warm water where several drops of 5% of ammoniac solution are added.
of the Spot on white woolen fabrics from red cabbage and beet are considered irreducible, but also this problem will be solved by liquid ammonia. Therefore you should not throw out the soiled thing ahead of time. Process the polluted place at first of 5%, and then 2% ammonia solution then it is necessary to rinse intensively a thing in several waters.
of the Spot from ink a usual ball pen (not a gel basis) on color fabrics are processed by the solution consisting of 20 ml of alcohol, 20 ml of 10% ammonia, 20 ml of the distilled water. It is previously necessary to check in the imperceptible place durability of dyes to effect of ready solution.
of the Spot move away from flowers from fabric as follows: it is necessary to put fabric on a board and to wipe spots with the tampon moistened with gasoline and then to drop on the polluted places 5% liquid ammonia. After that it is necessary to process fabric the sponge moistened with cool water, to dry a thing a dry napkin and to strew with talc.
Except spots on clothes, we often face also the hardly removed spots and pollution of the house - on a floor, doors and walls , but also on them liquid ammonia will find a justice. To clear and add to a luster to your floors, whether it be a wooden covering or linoleum, add to water for washing of 8 - 18 tablespoons of sal ammoniac on a water bucket. But do not forget to wash out before this procedure a floor pure, and better soap water. The effect will be just tremendous!
Water solution with addition of liquid ammonia helps to clear both the ceramic tile and walls covered with oil paint . Their look considerably will improve after such processing, and from surfaces foreign smells will disappear.
If you did not get plastic windows yet and you have a problem with cleaning of the window sills and window frames painted by light paint, then you will be helped out by ammonia solution in water in a proportion - 2 teaspoons of liquid ammonia on 1 liter of water. At stronger pollution increase a sal ammoniac dose by 5 times. The same solution perfectly will be suitable for cleaning of the painted wooden doors. And if you had a repair recently and on window handles there were hot scents from oil paint, then hurry up to use pure liquid ammonia for their removal.
Separately it is necessary to stop on cleaning of a tree . If you at an interior have old objects from such natural breeds of a tree as an oak or a nut, and their look already leaves much to be desired, then processing of 12% liquid ammonia will give them a new shade. The matter is that the tannin which is contained in these breeds of a tree in large numbers, under the influence of liquid ammonia gets beautiful is gray - a brown shade.
In conclusion it is worth reminding that, using liquid ammonia should be careful , however, as well as with other chemicals, no more and not less. And for measurement of volume of the used ammonia keep in mind that the tablespoon contains 15 ml of sal ammoniac, and tea - 7 ml of this substance.