What French artist was born in St. Petersburg, but became famous, representing Paris?
For Russian-speaking tourists in the capital of Israel are excursion “ In Bulgakov places of Jerusalem “. The name at first surprises. What there can be Bulgakov places here? There was never no Mikhail Afanasyevich in Jerusalem!
Did not happen, of course. But as described! Probably, each reader “ Mastera and Margarita “ will remember the magic feeling which arose at it from the first collision with it is unreal bright and at the same time surprisingly realistic descriptions of the city of Ershalaim. Therefore - that now the guide can, conducting excursion on the Old city, to say: “ And here Levi Matvei stole in a grain bench a knife “ and it will be understood. Besides - will believe.
Pilgrims and tourists go to holy and noteworthy sites not so much in order that, being figuratively expressed to touch stones and to prichastitsya to a legend. In some places a soup from legends such dense that the visitor involuntarily looks that he sees others eyes. So, from Venice enthusiastic tourists most often bring the impressions read in books of other enthusiastic travelers still of the eighteenth century.
In France the center of legends is Paris. The legends created for centuries and, in turn, created the unusual, attractive atmosphere of the capital of France. Therefore - that, probably, Paris - a main goal of all who come to France. As, as, “ Three musketeers “ “ Notre Dame de Paris “ Balzac all read...
Yes only modern Paris has a little general with that Paris which was pictured by A. Dumas, V. Hugo and even O. de Balzac. That, old, medieval still, Paris was ruthlessly and, it is necessary to tell, quite deservedly, is demolished during the huge reconstruction which is carried out in 1850 - 1870 - e years under the leadership of the baron Osman. On the old place there was new, modern Paris, with wide streets, high convenient houses, but... without former legends.
And that the new capital was worthy ranks former, brilliant, Paris it was necessary to create new legends urgently. All undertook it. Engineers, writers, artists. There is a wish to tell about one of such artists who left us for memory fine pictures of life of the updated Paris in more detail.
Called this artist Jeanne Bero (Jean B é raud) . He was born on January 12, 1849 as it will seem strange, in St. Petersburg. His father who was called Jean too was a sculptor. Bero - the senior was invited - speaking the modern language - in the team of sculptors working on creation of internal furniture of St. Isaac`s Cathedral. In a family there were already two daughters, Adriana and Estelle, and in St. Petersburg still twins - Jean and Melanie were born. In four years the father died and Bero`s family came back to Paris.
Originally Jean did not think of career of the artist. Upon termination of lyceum it arrived on law department of university. Study came to the young man easily, and he planned to become a lawyer. But soon after the termination of university began free - Prussian war. France lost this war. It was the strongest blow to hypertrophied patriotism of French. But further - it is worse. In Paris there was a revolt of the Commune of Paris which continued 72 days and was cruelly suppressed. On streets of Paris French shot French.
Military defeat and civil war changed a lot of things and many. Jean Bero refused legal career, in 1872 began to be trained in painting at the artist Leon Bonn and removed studio on Montmartre. And next year it exposes the pictures on Salon, the well-known annual Parisian art exhibition. Yet his pictures are allocated with nothing on the general background.
Popularity came to the artist in 1876. The general attention was drawn by his picture “ Return from a funeral “ where it represented the Parisian street on which the family, relatives and friends of the dead comes back from a funeral ceremony. And life already prevails: men begin to smoke cigars, women exchange words among themselves. And, above all - Paris did not even notice this small sad event. Not only started talking about Jean Bero`s picture! It was forged, and the artist had to participate in trial concerning this fake. Unless it is not glory?
The artist found the “ niche “. He shared views on art of artists - impressionists. But unlike them, Zh. Bero did not damn new Paris and did not run away in search of suitable plots to the village. He began to draw the capital seen by eyes of the Parisian, in love with the city. Street sketches in which participate both ladies and gentlemen of the high society, and usual “ small “ Parisians and Parisians. Sketches in cafe, in theater, an exit from church. These pictures represented in an impressionistic manner, filled with well distinguishable daily details struck contemporaries with extreme realness.
Now we could compare such painting to the color photo a little contemptuously. But at the end of 19 - go centuries the viewer was not spoiled by technical novelties yet. And, above all, behind each it “ instant picture “ the Parisian boulevards and streets the personal attitude of the artist towards heroes of a picture, people is felt, it is casual “ got into the shot “. Most often it is humour and sympathy, sometimes - sarcasm. Therefore the Parisian sketches imprinted by Jean Bero heat heart, are remembered, they want to be considered again and again.
“ Parisian “ Zh. Bero`s pictures played the considerable role in emergence of a new image of the updated capital of France. And new image of Parisians too. And after horrors of World War I they became a reason for Europeans (and not only French) to ponostalgirovat about that irretrievable time which began to be called “ fine era “ (“ La belle Epoque “). Time when, appear, all problems are already solved or will be solved in the near future, and the person saw each other great and beautiful. “ The Person - it sounds is proud! “ - echo of those times.
Life bypassed Jean Bero the small gifts. As the famous artist, he was awarded the order the Honourable legion, participated in many exhibitions and itself became the organizer of the known opening days. In 1890 he became one of founders of National society of fine arts. However, attempt to escape from already rendered habitable subject was not successful. Several pictures on Gospel plots into which the artist inserted modern to it characters (for example, “ Mary Magdalene before Pharisees “) made small scandal among critics - and only.
Jean Bero died on October 4, 1935, having left behind glory of the most Parisian of artists of a fine era.