What secrets are kept by the stiffened antiquity petals on the island Rhodes?
In Greece remained many resort corners with unique monuments to antiquity. But the earth on the island with the name Rhodes that in translation means “ Stone rose “ holds special position in ancient history of a human civilization.
Annually this amazing place with traces of stay of the famous philosophers, speakers, politicians of antiquity and the Middle Ages visits more than one million tourists. They aspire, at least once in life, to get on the island which earth since ancient times stores in imperishable memory as the stiffened petals, prints a foot of many outstanding persons. According to mythology, this piece of sushi in the Aegean Sea with the extent of the coastline of 220 kilometers and about 1400 sq.km was taken out on hands from sea depths by god of the Sun Helios.
Here was born and there lived in the city of Lindosa one of “ seven wise men “ Kleobul Rodossky . It belongs to it laconic saying: “ The Measure - the best “.
According to the legend, the earth of the island stores traces of the famous philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras Samossky . Here he thought up the famous theorem (the square of a hypotenuse is equal to the sum of squares of legs). But the secret on antiquity petals stiffened, and nobody knows why and when there came Pythagoras to the solar island “ Stone rose “ what idea nourished. The outstanding philosopher and the mathematician lived about eighty years and carried out considerable part of the life at priests of Egypt, Babylon and India, adopting their knowledge. And then moved to the city of Crotone in the Southern Italy and created the Pythagorean union - a community of adherents of the it is religious - philosophical doctrine about a numerical control the world.
Store antiquity petals on the island Rhodes and secret of stay on it the outstanding reformer of medicine Hippocrates (460 - apprx. 370 BC) . According to the legend, here words of his well-known oath of the doctor for the first time were heard, having opened an era of humanity. But the secret of the reason which induced the famous physician to address on the island ethics stiffened in antiquity petals. Hippocrates came from a sort Asklepiadov - the dynasty of doctors on the island of Braids which began with the great doctor of homeric time Asclepius, god of doctoring, and imparting medical knowledge from the father to the son.
By tradition he received a basis of medical education from the parent Heracleides, but the huge desire of new scientific knowledge and improvement of medical practice carried away young Hippocrates in travel on the cities and the countries. It attached to ethics of the doctor special significance and except “ Oaths “ wrote some more compositions on this subject: “ About decorous behavior “ “ Law “ “ About the doctor “ “ Manuals “. In centuries Hippocrates`s reminder to physicians of all countries rushed: “ First precept of the doctor: do not do much harm “.
In 408 BC in northern part of the island the city of Rhodes which became its capital was founded. After disintegration of the huge empire of Alexander of Macedon his compatriot Demetrius I Poliorket with the forty-thousand army tried to enslave the island in 305. The whole year it kept the capital in a siege, but was forced to recede from - for approximations to coast of Rhodes of fleet of the Egyptian tsar Ptolemaeus the I Sotera who signed the contract on trade with inhabitants. The pleased islanders in honor of unexpected release decided to put a statue of god of the Sun Helios on the money gained from sale of the obsidional tools thrown by the Macedonian army.
Rodossky is a sculptor and the founder Hares who spent about twelve years of the life for creation of a huge monument at an entrance to harbor of the capital with its gradual eminence by means of the earth hill became history of cultural heritage of antiquity as the author of one of seven wonders of the world. The sculptor created on a white marble pedestal 37 - a meter bronze colossus with a torch over the head, but the huge statue over Rhodes towered only about sixty years. The strong earthquake in 222 BC, tumbled down it on the earth. The destroyed monument lay at an entrance to harbor more than one thousand years, striking inhabitants and guests of the capital with the huge sizes until the island was occupied by Arabs and sold miracle fragments to the merchant from Syria.
Came, has to be, look at the tumbled-down Colossus of Rhodes and the pupils of school of the philosopher Posidoniya trained at the famous Greek teachers. With a difference in two years also professors of rhetoric Apollonia Molona future outstanding politicians of Rome Mark Tully Cicero (106 - 43 BC) and Guy Julius Caesar (100 - 44 BC) studied at it being distinguished later from a ruling clique with brilliant possession of the speech and erudition.
The native of the Syrian city of Apamei Greek Posidony at young age moved to Athens and became the pupil of the philosopher Panetion (Panetiya Rodossky) there. Why it appeared in Rhodes, know only the stiffened antiquity petals. In forty years Posidony founded educational institution on the island and so gained the population that obtained citizenship. Here, on the bank of Rhodes, the outstanding Greek scientist watched emergence on the horizon of the second for brightness after Sirius Kanopus`s stars when determined the globe sizes.
With an amazing accuracy for the time Posidony Rodossky calculated distance in terrestrial radiuses from Earth to the Moon and from Earth to the Sun. He in Rhodes discussed questions of rhetoric, the correct behavior with professor Apollony Molon in society and investigated population history, criticizing ideas of superiority of the nation and world supremacy. His pupil Mark Tully Cicero tried to realize philosophical views of the teacher: “... Observe justice and piety; their value in the attitudes towards parents and relatives is big, but is most big in the relation to fatherland …. “ .
As Posidony Rodossky left the island and who helped it to move to Rome, remained the secret which stiffened on antiquity petals...