Stilos, stiletto and stylus. We want that we equated a feather to a bayonet?
On - are Greek “ stilos “ (σ τ ύ λ ο ς) means “ column, column “. Approximately in this value in Russian other Ancient Greek word, " got accustomed; stele “ (σ τ ή λ η) . A stele - too a column, but with jewelry and inscriptions.
“ Stilosom “ in Ancient Greece called as well the tool for the letter. It represented a small stick. (The stick is the cylinder a little similar to a column. From here and similarity of names). One end of a stilos was pointed, and another - is flattened. Wrote by Stilos on the plates covered with wax. Light wax covered a dark plate and if it was scratched the sharp end of a stilos, there was well visible trace.
Written it was easy to erase. For this purpose it was only necessary to smooth wax flattened as a rake, other end of a stilos. On such plates children at schools studied the letter, and adults stored some not really important notes for memory: operating costs, small debts, notes to the family and family members. Sometimes stilosy speakers used, writing down on waxed plates if not all contents of the speech then theses.
And simple this tool for the letter, and even its name at ancient Greeks was adopted by ancient Romans. In Rome in general Greeks were considered as the biggest experts in the field of culture. And, by the way, had not complex about it. Each people have the path, Romans quite reasonably considered. Someone does beautiful statues, someone tells strange stories, someone better us grows up bread and grapes. But someone should rule over all these handymen! Too very important issue. Doubts concerning the one who the administrator, best in the world, at Romans was not. At other people, however, too.
Greeks, slaves or free, employed for a payment, were in ancient Rome teachers. Therefore almost all Romans tolerably spoke on - Greek and well knew the Greek writers and philosophers. Even they copied a pantheon of the gods from a pantheon of gods Ancient Greek. And in Latin there were enough words borrowed Greeks. So that Romans entered letters which applied only to a transcription of the Greek words into the alphabet: V, X, Y, Z. The letter Y is even called “ and - the Greek “ (“ Greek and “) . Word “ " stylus; it was in Latin written with “ Y “: stylus. Romans borrowed this word from cultural Greeks together with the corresponding tool for the letter.
And from Romans it passed (together with Latin letters) into the European languages. In the Middle Ages still used the stylus in educational institutions. Began to say about the same who could state competently and beautifully on the letter the thoughts that they have a good, beautiful stylus. So the European languages (and in Russian, including) included the word “ " style;. And many writers began to call the working tool grandiloquently “ stylus “. And even squoze this beautiful word in poems, pretending to be “ handicraftsmen without " motor; and demanding a discount from income tax:
seems to you,
that all del -
it to use
that here to you, companions, my stylus,
and you can write
(V. Mayakovsky. Conversation with the auditor on poetry)
But we will return to medieval Europe. While the ancient stylus continued to work on an education field, his namesake took to the highroad in the most unpleasant sense of this word. Well, almost namesake: stiletto .
Originally it was the special knife which peace peasants or citizens used in order that quickly and to accurately finish off a pig. The stiletto was thin, long with very sharp pricking end. The skilled butcher in one dexterous blow drove it in heart of a pig so that even did not manage to scream.
The stiletto became the favourite weapon of night robbers and hitmen, first of all, in Italy soon enough. The thin dagger was easy to be hidden in a top of a boot or pleated a raincoat. Pleated women`s dress too. The stiletto often was the best and only defender of the medieval woman.
The weapon it was terrible and ruthless. In heart or in a liver the victim died of blow almost instantly and silently. Even a knightly armor did not rescue. The thin edge easily passed in joints between metal plates of an armor and stung in a liver.
And the stiletto received the name because it was similar to the stylus. Same pointed on the one hand and stupid with another, there where there is a handle. “ Stiletto “ - in Italian “ small " stylus;. Plumelet, if one may say so. Now it is clear from what gloomy distances there is a gangster name of a knife, “ feather “ and threat “ I you will paint as God a turtle “?
Not only bandits used a stiletto. Each noble knight, except a sword, had it as the second weapon. The stiletto was applied to self-defense as gave advantage to the speshenny soldier before the knight on a horse. From below, being protected, it is simpler to prick the opponent. The stiletto had also one more appointment: with one blow to finish the prostrate enemy or to stop torture of hard wounded colleague. Therefore the stiletto was called still “ mercy dagger “ (in French “ misericorde “) . However, the noble name did not give to a nobility stiletto.
And the stylus , apparently, long ago become a museum piece, suddenly revived with the advent of pocket computers and e-books. These devices have neither keyboard, nor a mouse, but they are supplied with the sensitive screen. The stylus, the thin pointed stick also is included in the package. Concerning the screen stylus, it is possible to enter information into the pocket computer.
One of the most convenient " properties; " handhelds; - opportunity “ hand-written “ input of letters and figures. Badges which for this purpose it is necessary “ to write “ in a certain part of the screen, are not difficult. They can be learned easily then it becomes as easy to enter information into the pocket computer how to write a note.