Air Force of Finland. Why in the museum by the Finnish planes a swastika?
On Saturday, August 15, in the Southern and Central Finland the general military oath was carried out. Recruits swore a fidelity oath to the Homeland, to solemnly promise to serve it faithfully, to protect in case of threat from external enemies. In the Finnish army representatives of church find out how religious beliefs of recruits allow them to take the general oath. In certain cases young people choose not the oath, and so-called “ voluntary solemn promise “ to serve Christian values.
Since the egersky movement the oath is a festive event. This day parade on which the military equipment of those parts where there will pass the service is shown is carried out. Recruits are addressed by the veterans remembering experience of the past wars. The former pilots urge youth to protect interests of Finland as selflessly as it was done by them.
In the Finnish song which is called “ Oath “ there are words that soldiers will not allow any violence in relation to the Homeland, expensive and favourite Finland. These words sound a refrain:
“ Kuullos pyh ä vala, kallis Suomenmaa:
of sinuun koskea ei v ä kivalta saa! “ Tikkakoski`s
- history of aviation of Finland
In Tikkakoski there pass conscription service recruits who after the oath will become the military personnel of the Finnish Air forces. The place is well-known for an arrangement of such important organizations as Management of the Air Force of Finland, the Center of training (theory), Information service, Flight school with base of training aircrafts. Besides Academy Finnish Voyenno - air forces in Tikkakoski located the largest in the country scientifically - the research division specializing in development of aviation systems.
Here the Museum of aircraft of Central Finland is located. Exhibits of the museum tell about history and the present of the Finnish aircraft. Also the exposition of models of planes is of interest. There is a department of aircraft radio engineering and systems of air interception.
The museum of aircraft in the town of Tikkakoski, in several kilometers from the city of Jyvaskyla, represents a huge hangar in which the set of planes, engines, the weapon, equipment is assembled. Our tourists, especially veterans, the abundance of a swastika, blue crosses on wings of planes strikes.
Involuntarily there is a question: what relation the Finnish swastika has to a symbol National - socialism? For the answer to it we suggest to make small digression to history.
Ancient designation of the movement of the sun around the earth, from the East on the West
the Swastika - one of the most ancient and widespread graphic symbols, was used by the different people at various times. The magic sign designating the movement of the sun around the earth from the East on the West, it is possible to see not only in the Finnish museums, but also old books. For example, in a calendar of 1896. On the page devoted to month “ February “ the prompt with the image of a swastika is placed.
The sign began to enjoy popularity in the European culture in the 19th century again - on a wave of fashion of the Aryan theory. In Finland raising of national consciousness was noted at this time. As historians tell, on February 3, 1899 there was a manifesto according to which the Russian authorities could issue resolutions, obligatory for Finland, without consent of the Finnish diet. In 1901 independent Finnish troops were abolished and unlimited dictatorship the general - the governor who received emergency powers in 1903 is established.
Restriction of the Finnish autonomywas made by
as a result of policy of russification attempt to force Finns to pass military service in the Russian army. When the diet which made concessions earlier rejected this requirement, the general Bobrikov entered voyenno - field courts. The policy of restriction of the rights of Finns led to murder the general - the governor Bobrikov. In the Finnish textbooks of history this period is called “ ryussavikha “ that is translated literally as “ hatred to Russians “ or it is more neutral - “ years of oppression “.
According to S.Yu. Witte, the chairman of the board of ministers of the Russian Empire, “ … in all the time of the Russian revolution there were only two political murders in Finland - Bobrikov and one prosecutor. Both murders are committed not by anarchists, not revolutionaries, but Finns for national ideas. Finns at heart correct people, chtushchy laws, and to them are alien the most outrageous murders which are daily made in Russia on the political soil … It is a pity that there were two Finns who committed these two political murders and soiled Finland political " blood; .
Under pressure of revolution of 1905 Nicholas II was forced to approve the new constitution of Finland adopted by the Finnish diet. But the policy of russification proceeded, the national movement in the Grand duchy reached apogee before war of 1914.
the Egersky cross - freedom cross
Still on the eve of and during World War I representatives of the Finnish industrialists cooperated with Germany which gave loans with smaller percent, than Russia. In 1914 in Finland martial law was declared, the country took part in war, 500 volunteers went to army. As a result of parliamentary elections sotsiat - democrats received a majority of votes. There were military orders of Russia that caused industrial upsurge and decrease in the unemployment which fell upon the country in the years of war.
It seemed, Finland began to treat loyally Russia if not performances of the Finnish bourgeoisie which was engaged in espionage in favor of Germany. Under the influence of National - patriots the egersky movement appeared. In 1915 a legendary 27 egerskiya the battalion consisting of two thousand volunteers who went to Riga to join the German troops on East front was created. Subsequently veterans of the 27th battalion made a cohort of white Finnish army. The famous general Talvela, Mannerheim`s associate and the active participant of Winter war, left egersky ranks.
Russia answered participation of the Finnish volunteers in war against it with introduction of rigid passport control. Under war laws of the man aged from 17 till 35 years, left Finland, were sentenced to death. February revolution rescued the Finnish national movement though in the country civil war broke out. White, not without the aid of Germany, sank the red movement in blood.
From an easy hand of the Swedish friend Mannerheim - birthday of aircraft of Finland
during civil war a swastika came on March 6 to the Finnish aircraft. On March 6, 1918 the Swedish count Eric von Rusen presented to white army of Mannerheim the first plane with a swastika onboard, and this emblem by order of Mannerheim entered symbolics and breastplates of the young republic. Thus the Finnish aircraft conducts history with this event, on March 6 it is noted as Put Voyenno - air forces of Finland.
In Germany the swastika became the state symbol after coming to power of nazis in 1933. It was represented on the coat of arms and a flag. Finnish swastika, “ hakarist “ did a long way: from a magic sign to a military symbol. It represented Finland on fronts of two wars which Finland waged with the Soviet Union - Winter war and War - continuation.
In spite of the fact that after World War II in a number of the countries the image of a swastika was forbidden, various sense nazi groups use it also today. In army of Finland there is no place to a swastika which was soiled by Hitlerites in the years of war. On an emblem of Air forces of Finland instead of “ hakarist “ the circle is represented.