How the terrible wild boar became a pig or What we know about the Florentine holidays?
“ In Florence near del Granducc`s pyatsets there is a side street under the name if did not forget, Port - Rossa. There the vegetable stall is faced by a bronze boar of excellent work. From a mouth fresh, clear water streams. And it from an old age became green until black, only the muzzle shines as polished “. (G. - H. Andersen).
In the Hermitage costs “ The Boy blowing the horn “ and in Florence there is a monument of the same sculptor - Pietro Tacc (the Italian sculptor, 1557 - 1640). This monument became the second symbol of the city, along with a lily long ago. It is a strange story because it is a monument to the Pig (or the fountain of the Pig).
Actually it is the copy of antique work, “ initial “ the terrible wild boar (the antique original) is stored in Uffizi Gallery. But there will be soon 400 years (and on a pig and you will not tell - quite in juice to the Florentine measures) as cast the copy and put it in the downtown near the market. Still then he was called a wild boar. One fairy tale and two different legends, or perhaps and is connected with it more.
And in the neighbourhood - whether the Straw market, whether Piggy. And to “ to kalashny ranks “ this serious ancient market of times of board Cosimo I (where bankers, dealers in jewelry and silk gathered) “ snout “ approached as native.
A pig - il Porcellino - the participant of the fairy tale of Andersen “ Bronze boar “. The storyteller defined the fairy tale as the fairy tale - byl. Also there was in it a bronze boar, the boy who rushed on it through the city. This boy was fated to touch what is pride of Florence - painting.
But there is also even more ancient history. Speak, five centuries ago to the city wild and very furious boar ran in. The frightened inhabitants hid on houses, being afraid to poke out noses on the street where the animal raged. But one little boy also did not think to be frightened, bravely left to a fierce animal and just stroked it on a muzzle. Brave boys often are also clever. And caress - and to a boar is pleasant. The animal grew quiet, calmed down, left back home. Caress in certain cases - quite reliable weapon. The wild boar boy tamed, the city sighed quietly and returned to the essential affairs.
But there is also one more legend, maybe, is even more ancient. Once the Pig could turn after a decline into the most beautiful young man, it, “ as svezhenarisovanny Saint Sebastian “. He fell in love, told about the burning secret to the girl. The girl was very decent and told mother. Mother - already all the rest. And the Pig forever remained a statue. To the girl there was something sad too. It seems, it turned into a frog.
And " fountain; Pig “ costs and hardly already turns into somebody (there is no information). It has other task now: it has to grant desires. There very difficult system with a coin which a porosenochka needs to be fed, but a coin can not get to an appropriate fillet, and then everything was gone. Whether the fountain will not be, whether the desire will not come true. Such here difficult moneybox - a mumps, many long and persistently try to get correctly a coin or at least to rub already shining not copper five-copeck coin (or the patch) a pig.
Florence has many legends. And all of them are carefully stored by the people, out of official manuals and instructions. Once, in far 1555, the Florentine soldiers with a victory entered the city with the lamps which are highly lifted at peaks, lighting with themselves a triumphal way.
Ever since each on September 7 all city takes to the streets, and it is the most important Florentine holiday - of the Festival of della Rificolon (Festa Della Rificolona). Children bear on poles color paper small lamps with the burning candles (such small lamp and is called “ to the rifikolena “) the city fair, with trade, of course, but also with representations of street theaters, with songs and dances begins. Then the cardinal who blesses the city joins a procession of children. Here the city of Florence has such remarkable and important holiday.
There are also other versions of an origin of a holiday. It is surprising that all of them are remembered, told, given to the next generations. It is always pleasant to observe how people remember the legends as note in the different countries of an event, often very remote, the past. Events 500 - 1000 - 2000 - summer and even more extreme antiquity find the expression in today`s national and city holidays.
However, and in Russia there are the remarkable monuments fanned by legends and precisely there are great military victories, and, absolutely recent, including.