Rus Articles Journal

That to Russian it is good, to “German“ death of

In the Explanatory Russian dictionary of Vladimir Ivanovich Dahl, on a twist of fate the father of which was datchanininy, and mother - the German, it is possible to read definition of the word Mute.

Mute, the German, a nemchura, the German, the German, old, and in places and hitherto in the people, the mute, or not speaking in Russian, any foreigner from the West, the European; in particular, German.

Maid German: is not able to speak, and everything understands; for the sake of modesty, is silent, does not even hear.

To the middle of the 15th century Russia led very closed life and almost did not adjoin to Western Europe at all. Only with John III`s accession and in particular after his marriage with Sofya Paleolog inflow of foreigners to Moskovia began.

Paleolog Zoya (Sofya) was a niece of the last Byzantine emperor Konstantin XI and dreamed of revival of new Constantinople.

This Braque had important influence on a form of the Moscow state and on all external situation of the power. It accelerated process “ collecting of Russia “ having brought traditions of the empire in Moscow. John III accepted the coat of arms of the Byzantine empire - a two-headed eagle.

The Greek tsarevna strenuously cared for decoration of the capital beautiful buildings and tserkva for what wrote out foreign mainly Italian architects for whom coordinated and “other shops of the master “: artists, builders, handicraftsmen.

Thus in Moscow, on Kukuye`s small river, the whole settlement occupied by foreigners, or “Germans " grew; as they without analysis of a nationality were called by the people, making this nickname from the word “mute “ that is not speaking in Russian. Between Muscovites and “Germans “ never especially warm the relation it was established.

At the subsequent tsars - Ioann Groznom and Alexey Mikhaylovich - “Germans “ became an everyday occurrence in Moscow.

The real freedom for foreigners not only in the German settlement in Moscow, and and in other cities was created thanks to activity of Petra1.

Perhaps the hobby for foreigners promoted Pyotr to make, radical revolution and to create new Russia not similar to former and to embody a cherished dream of the Greek queen in reality.

Not that was at appearance of the first foreigners.

For “the German “ the dense crowd of the people which it is opened “went it divovatsya “ on it as on an animal, pulled floors of a nepryvychny suit, laughed and lyulyukat.

Quite often business reached armed conflict, even before murder. For protection of the German sometimes even the well-born boyar from obsequiousness to the tsar was employed. It helped out from crowd badgered “ stranger “.

Apparently from S. V`s picture. Ivanova “ German “ to the Russian which surrounded the foreigner really very cheerfully, but and “ to the German “ thanks to protection of the boyar yet not death, but definitely not to laughter.