Rus Articles Journal

What Black-eyed Susan will tell of? About Indians and Nobel, about our blossoming gardens...

Black-eyed Susan (Black - eyed - Susan) will tell at once that she is from North America. There it grows everywhere, mostly - in dry areas. Not incidentally since 1918 it is considered a symbol of the American state of Maryland.

Chernoglazka was and remains in a great honor at North American Indians. As well as ekhinatseyu purple (this two species of plants are very close, they were divided quite recently), it was used with might and main in the medical purposes.

Broth of roots was used by Indians (tribes of the ojibway, a menomina, potavatoma) as diuretic, as means against catarrhal diseases, even from stings of venomous snakes. Probably, the coneflower could help those Indians at illnesses. But hardly we should adopt this experience blindly. There is enough of fact that we dig backs when it is necessary to divide a bush and to form new remarkably - a beautiful thicket.

And the flower, really, is wonderful and is unique is unpretentious. Also not less than two months - from July to September blossom (and terry Gold spheres - and that longer). And in a vase costs long - ten days. The European pervoposelenets of America estimated a coneflower at once, brought to Europe, there it even had new, already German name - of Leuchtender Sonnenhut - Solar hats (k) and .

The child of fragrant prairies easily took root on the European continent, without avoiding also the Russian gardens. A plant a coneflower (often write with two to ) has about 40 types, but all of them are united by a fine and expressive evil eye in a frame of all shades of yellow color. Rudbeckia hirta of family of Astrov became the welcome guest in all flower beds and gardens. There was a zimoustoychiva, adapted to cold weather, is not afraid of a shadow though it is heliophilous, the drought to it is not terrible, can breed also self-sowing. The majority of types - perennials. Also the flower any " is not ill; flower diseases. And nectar wonderful gives to butterflies, bees yes to bugs. Not a plant - a miracle.

And still Black-eyed Susan can tell a lot of things about one the Swedish family well-known for the whole world...

Johannes Rudbek was a personal chaplain of the king Gustav Weliki and the founder of the first gymnasium in Sweden. It had a son Ulof (Olaf, Olaus) Rudbek Starshy (1630 - 1702) - the outstanding scientist of the 17th century, the anatomist (it is considered one of openers of lymphatic system at the person), the astronomer, atlantolog (here opening it was false: in the work Atland eller Manheim proved that Sweden and is Atlantis Platon), the teacher of physics and music and the founder of the first botanical garden in Sweden. And also Ulof Rudbek left huge work on botany for which made 11000 engravings of plants.

The daughter Ulofa Starshego married the pupil of the father, a certain Peter Nobel. It is simple to guess that Alfred Nobel became one of descendants of this union known for all .

The son Ulofa Starshego - Ulof Rudbek Mladshy (1660 - 1740) - too became the largest scientist, the botanist, the ornithologist, the traveler (the well-known travel to Lapland). Made many discoveries in the field of botany important to this day (in the field of linguistics opening did not take place: tried to reveal communication of the Lappish language with Hebrew).

And also Ulof Rudbek Mladshy was a teacher of of Karl Linney . Karl Linney (1707 - 1778), as we know, - the outstanding scientist, the founder of uniform system of a plant and animal life who described a huge number of plants and animals, its method of classification is used and now.

In honor of both Ulofov Rudbekov is also called such unpretentious, such floret familiar to us. It is called Karl Linney.

Weliki Rudbek! For perpetuation of glory of your name I called it Rudbeckia on the power all botanists, therefore, and me provided. She has to make your name immortal and say about it before tsars and princes, before botanists and doctors, before all people so if the whole world stops, then Rudbekova plants will say about it, how long there will not pass the nature. K. Linney.

So our black-eyed garden beauty was systematized and called for the first time by the great scientist Linney in honor of other Swedish scientists whose of family there was also A. Nobel.

But here who there was that, the first Syuzanna, remained secret But it, certainly, was good. Black-eyed, with golden an aura of hair and with very good, directly - angelic, character, unpretentious and true. Too - someone`s miracle. But for some reason about that unusual Syuzanna so nothing manages to be found out...