How Muscovites in old times put on?
there Passes time, the fashion promptly changes. One style replaces another. People constantly follow new tendencies, and here in crowd not to distinguish one person from another …
A meanwhile, in old times the clothes not only heated and decorated, but also testified to what estate the person belonged. As a rule, the clothes of notable rich people and poor people almost did not differ on a cut. The difference was only as fabric and finishing.
The Moscow women of fashion preferred to dress up in figured velvet, the atlas, karmazin, brocade or a taffeta. In most cases merchants brought these fabrics to Moscow from the overseas countries - Persia, China, England, Italy.
Simple citizens put on in homespun linen shirts and ports (trousers). The shirt was embroidered manually, with slanting cut of a collar ( a kosovorotka ). Over it put on a homespun coat - narrow clothes to knees. All this was considered as house casual clothes. For holidays dressed up in caftan from color silk or a velvet. The warm caftans edged by fur on a wadded basis were dressed in the winter.
It is interesting that in Russia the men`s wear on a cut practically did not differ from female. The shirt, top was a basis of clothes or lower, from above put on the sundress expanded from top to bottom. Over a sundress of the woman put on the short quilted, embroidered by beads vest - dushegreyu . For holidays dressed an ingate - an attire with long and very full sleeves. The top ceremonial clothes was also opashen . It was carried a vnakidka, buttoning from top to bottom. In the winter opashen on fur became a fur coat.
Fur coats were long, wide, with big collars. People of high estate wore fur coats on sable fur, simple citizens used fur of a squirrel, sheep and even dog.
Before on clothes there were pockets (the 17th century), small things put in a bag at a belt - to colitis .
If in villages peasants carried valenoks and bast shoes, then city dwellers preferred leather footwear - boots. And all walked in boots: both men, and women, and children.
In old times in Russia there was a big variety of headdresses. Men carried caps - felt peaked caps. Coachmen put on malakhay in the winter - the great-grandfather to all of us the known cap with ear-flaps. Notable lyud stolbunets - the high fur cap similar to a pipe carried . Women carried kokoshniks, wreaths, bandagings . They were decorated with sewing and jewelry. Married women closed a headdress all hair. To remove it - meant to cause to the woman a big insult, “ to oprostovolosit “.
At the beginning of the 18th century the tsar Peter I entered for notable citizens and court without fail to wear clothes of the European breed. So in Russia there were fitted camisoles, drawers, shoes on heels, low-necked dresses with crinolines.
First the Moscow boyars and merchants resisted new fashion, but their sons and daughters with big hunting accepted new foreign dresses. They did not wish to carry caftans and sundresses which were accumulated for them in chests by their parents.
So one era of fashion gradually replaced another …
of the Illustration from the website “ The First of September “