Of what stone many architectural sights of Vienna of the second half of the 19th century are constructed?
It now Lake Fert - one of objects of the World cultural heritage of UNESCO. And 10 - 12 million years ago … And the hint any on the lake was not. Though then there was enough water in these regions. Not less salty, than present, lake.
In the second half of the tertiary period from these places, to the horizon further away - there where it is eternally removed as long do not follow it - the Pannonsky sea, Pannon tenger rolled the shaft. It the sea was superficial so to warm up it to priyatstvenny any living creatures of temperature to the sun of that time did not make big work. Well, it also did a good deed, especially without straining. Heated. And the living creatures rejoiced and bred actively.
Especially red limy seaweed. Which lived too, rejoiced, bred, and then … Then time came - died. Also fell on a bottom of the Pannonsky sea, forming a silt thick. Year, another … Hundreds and millions of years. The sea already receded and it was succeeded by the Dyyorsky lake, and seaweed all fell and fell. Also settled at the bottom. Sedimentary breeds.
Generally when already in a pleistocene Danube and the Slave was brought with themselves to these places by sand and gravel, a fair layer having covered all that once was red limy seaweed, thickness of these sedimentary breeds made many meters. Tens of meters.
And further … Further - business is exclusive time. Well, and simple geochemical processes. But all - is more than time. Which was more than. And - was enough.
So when in these regions Romans appeared, limestone here already was. And in such solid quantities about which usually say that they correspond to industrial scales of production. But … The industry then was not. Still time of a safety pin did not come, and the people did not guess division of labor. Therefore we will be limited only to ascertaining of the fact that on Hugo - east coast of Lake Fert in rather ancient centuries and in not less Ancient world limestones of the miotsensky period became characteristic geological education.
And limestone … It such material! Which can be taken from - under lands and without having difficult cars and mechanisms at the order. The main thing that the people at hand were in decent quantity. Plus - limestone is rather easily processed. Well, and in addition to the first and second, this material with firmness transfers different natural inconveniences like wind, a rain, snow and is rather indifferent to influence of external environment.
Naturally, Romans well knew properties of limestone. As saw that it in these parts is enough, so … Handles began to clap, zatopala legs, put a small kamenolomenka and, joyful all to impossibility, dragged this stone, began to build Skarbantion`s walls. That settlement that in the I-II centuries of N. aa. laid down on the well-known Amber way and over time became the big and rich city. And then, already many centuries later, received a new name - Sopron.
The last, however, occurred already without Romans who literally in 2 - 3 centuries after Skarbantion`s basis were forced out from these places by Huns. Not really the people wanted to leave already rendered habitable places, but what you will make? Honor - is more expensive than life, and life - that good that is acquired also by you personally, and your ancestors.
Romans left. Somewhere in darkness of centuries. In unknown. And memory of them - remained. This stone quarry that today - near the small Hungarian village of Fertyorakosh which if it is honest, deserves the separate and detailed story. But …
we will not distract now. Today - not about it. And about that stone thanks to which the settlement, in fact, also arose. About limestone which in these parts the first Romans began to extract. What reminds the sanctuary of god of light which is cut down in the rock of - Mitre which, though with great difficulty, but all - breaks horns to a bull of darkness. And here standing in the same niche, but slightly at some distance, aside from fight, a statue of the Decline and Dawn if help companion Bogu, just mentally.
And one in the field … Not the soldier! So always was. And in those far times - too. Well, zalomat a horn Mitre to one bull. To another. And when them, how those Huns - darkness?. What here you will make? Yes anything. There is no reception suprotiv scrap …
But even it does not stop life. And where it, it is obligatory … Whether big, small; whether bad, good, but construction will be obligatory. And therefore - Romans Romans, and limestone … It is necessary! Also got it.
Only in the Middle Ages already misters monks who in 1208 were taking out from Fertyorakosh a calcareous stone for construction of church of Saint Yakov to Lebenyakh were engaged in this business. But, as we well know on the example of not the most cheerful 90 - x years of the last century, times of heroes - singles once come to an end. And more - less profitable business surely passes to powerful and strong oligarchs.
Here so, in the middle of the 16th century, the fertyorakoshsky stone quarry became possession of the dyyorsky Episcopate. At which and scales of preparation of a stone were slightly others. More decent on volume. Calcareous blocks went for construction of the lock and church in present Zakarpatye Vinogradov who then was called absolutely in a different way - Nadsyulosh. Fertyorakoshsky stone was used also when carrying out the reconstruction of the Dyyorsky cathedral begun in 1823.
All these racks brought to limestone that once called by a reputation, and now it is considered the untwisted commodity brand. And when the brand is really untwisted, its name very famous for the buyer and is in demand, … in
Why all this production? It needs to be organized. Salary, labor protection, supply, removal of finished goods … Who knows, - such headache! And for what? If the untwisted commodity brand in itself, one name, can bring good money.
In the Episcopate quite good managers who understood it too sat. Also reported on instance. And already dyyorsky bishop - Janos Shimon - in 1857 gave a fertyorakoshsky stone quarry to long-term rent to the Vienna construction union.
And what is rent? Temporary paid use. That is you, children, work here. But do not forget to pay a money for the fact that you were let here! Also you remember that all that - is temporary. Term will come, will expel you from a stone quarry. By the scruff of the neck. So so far you here, it is necessary to work so that also rent - in the put time and after by the scruff of the neck, - not to be left without trousers …
Children from the Union - understood. Also got down to business. Daily the stone quarry allocated working in it a barrel of red wine, sausage and bread. That it was possible without separation from the main production both to be supported and to cheer up it is sensitive. And all - without - a cart - Meuse - a bottom. Eat, drink, boys, only issue the plan for a stone on the mountain! And as you will give out, the Union - will not forget. Will pay off in time without what delays. And on full. Not devaluated coin.
The people also tumbled down in a stone quarry. And not only from Fertyorakosh. Yes, hard work. Dangerous. But! Wine, sausage … And coin! Not devaluated. From sixty to hundred people daily gave to the Union a stone on the mountain. Took 10 - 20 - meter integral blocks, stacked on huge carts of the increased durability which at the same time pulled 8 - 12 couples of bulls, and sent production to the customer. To Vienna. The union - we remember that from where it is?
Month, sometimes and two lasted process of transportation of calcareous blocks. And it for all that that from Fertyorakosh to Vienna … It is slightly less than 80 kilometers. Here also consider daily average speed! But sooner or later the stone got there where it is necessary. On building sites. And built of it.
And Vienna town hall. And museum of history of arts. And university. And church of the Vow. And the Museum of natural sciences … Each of these Vienna sights is worthy
the separate story. And as - nibud I will try to make it. And now …
Perhaps we will continue how the fertyorakoshsky stone quarry lived further and what happened to it after World War I when concrete and iron replaced a stone on building sites?.