Whether to the person to the woman a felt cloak?
Eh, dashingly were sung in due time by the Cossack of the Nevsky Cossack army A. Rosenbaum:
Only a felt cloak to the Cossack in the steppe the village,
Only a felt cloak to the Cossack in the steppe a bed.
However, in the steppe from a felt cloak I pound a little. Therefore the felt cloak was only at Kuban yes tersky Cossacks. They adopted these clothes at mountaineers with whom were at war, and kunakovat. It depends it is necessary.
In mountains a felt cloak for the owner, really, treasure. The felt cape which is lined outside with sheep fur will rescue the rider from cold wind. At need for it it is possible to oversleep directly on the earth. And in fight dense felt and sheep wool well protect also from blow a saber, and from a bullet. Yes, still you should not forget that under a long, to toe, felt cloak it is easy to hide both a dagger, and a saber, and a rifle. And even stolen bride.
The best felt cloaks did where in these clothes there was the biggest need, in Dagestan. Usually there were they black, is rare - white. But not brown. Why then they so are called?
Yes because they have no communication with brown color! The name of the Caucasian felt cloak came from the Arab language. The Arab verb “felt cloak“ means “ to cover “. Therefore, “felt cloak“ - “covering“.
During the Arab gain Islam and the Arab language extended from Spain to India. And so left that in the Caucasus the word “felt cloak“ began to call men`s wear, and in Afghanistan - female. The felt cloak is here a loose overall which closed all body from head to foot. For eyes in a felt cloak the opening which was closed by a grid became. As a result even an eye of the woman who disappeared under a felt cloak could not be made out.
For such clothes other word, “burqa“ which comes from the Persian word “faradzh“ meaning a wide dressing gown is more widespread in Russian.
Tradition to hide the woman from foreign views at a breeding system was a usual and useful precautionary measure. The women capable to a child-bearing, were one of the main treasures of a family and the tribe. Therefore they lived or in the depth of well protected house, or in the special tent closed from public eyes. From “the female territory“ they left, as a rule, under protection of the man. Also were all the same carefully covered not to seduce strangers and not to give to them a reason to arrange attack on the tribe, to take away women to themselves.
During the twentieth century in all Central Asian countries “europeanization“ anyway began. Many women, especially from the highest and middle classes, refused a burqa and opened the person. One cannot say that in Afghanistan or in Iran this process went quickly, under joyful maintenance of dutar, pipes and drums, as in the Soviet Central Asia. But also the queen of Afghanistan, and the spouse of the shah of Iran were in own flower of beauty and on secular receptions, and on covers of the western magazines.
Extreme Islamists, having seized power in Afghanistan, decided to stop a horse of progress at full tilt. Islam was ordered to all residents of the country as only the right doctrine. And a felt cloak - to all women as only right clothes. These children called themselves “Talibs“, that is on - Arab “pupils“. It was supposed that they are the correct pupils of the Prophet. To all to other, wrong, to the world the svyashchennayavoyna was declared. During this war men should have studied an equipment and to die in fight for a right cause. Beseemed women with firmness to endure the hardships of life and to give birth to new fighters instead of fallen. Well, hundred years ago the European governors introduced similar heroic mess in the heads of the people.
However, now in the European countries are anxious with another. Too much on streets of the local cities appeared Islamic women in traditional clothes. And east beauties did not want to open the person for anybody. Police officers, though the movie “White Sun of the Desert“ was not watched, perfectly understood what can turn out if under a felt cloak there is an armed man. There`s nothing to be done - Europe has other history, men and at women have equal rights here. And at conversation with equal it is accepted not to hide a face. And the European men do not fly from all coils from a clear female look for a long time.
Besides, the covered face for the European - a sign of danger to life. The face was covered by executioners, robbers (including in a knightly armor), leprous. Even during a cheerful carnival Venetians put on masks not for fun. During carnivals it was necessary to play the fool and tell nonsenses. The foolish jokes flying from language at this time it was accepted to forgive. Across all Europe, but only not in Venice. Here for carnival tomfooleries it was possible to pay with life. Therefore - that Venetians preferred a mask to the person even in days of a holiday.
Irreconcilable war to a women`s felt cloak was declared by the president of France N. Sarkozy. Very much he fights against occurrence of Islamic customs to the native land. He suggests to forbid legislatively carrying by women the traditional attire hiding a face in public institutions and at meetings with authorities. Supporters of this law appeal to the fact that Europe cannot hide a face. If you arrived here and want to live here, recognize local laws and customs. Europeans refuse one of the main pleasures, binge, coming to work to those Muslim countries where the local law most strictly forbids alcohol intake!
During the discussion about democracy and a freedom of worship which arose around this offer it became clear that, except already mentioned felt cloak (burqa), the police does not wish at all that Muslim women wore a niqab. A niqab - the headdress covering the face with a narrow cut for eyes. The niqab is worn most often by city women. If you meet the woman in a niqab, an absolute guarantee that it from a family where practise Islam of fundamentalist sense, Wahhabism. In principle, palms of hands at women can be open. But some women, for the sake of especial right fidelity, put on also black gloves. Horrible, I will tell you, a show!
The name of a hijab , a female head scarf which closes hair, a neck and ears, comes from the Arab word “hadzhab“ that means “hide!“. The hijab is worn by women rather educated, cultural and independent which, however, do not want to refuse Muslim self-identification. Especially well it is visible in Istanbul. Here many women wear a hijab. That is enough strict customs adhere. At the same time they do not refuse to themselves pleasure to dress up. To a white hijab the closed long dresses of the most different coloring are put on that, it is necessary to tell, is pleasing to the eye of the passerby more, than a black chlamys - a niqab.
The ban is imposed on wearing hijab at schools and universities in France now too. This time initiators of a ban not police, but the state ideologists. According to the constitution of the French republic, the religion in the country is separated from the state. At comprehensive public schools splurge of symbols of any religion, whether it be a cross on a neck or a hijab on the head is forbidden. But for the young Muslim and her parents appearance of the prostovolosy girl in the crowded place is impossible the same as arrival of the young Catholic on a mass in a beach suit. The ban on hijabs became nearly the largest apple of discord between the French Muslims and the government. The governments of other countries of the European Union also seek to limit carrying traditional Islamic women`s clothing in public institutions or at least to order this carrying.
And, at last, on streets of the European cities, especially where there live natives of Iran, it is often possible to see women in a veil. The veil is an easy cover in which the woman is draped leaving the house. Walk in a veil with an open face, but as required it is possible to be draped and keep instantly appropriate modesty.