Rus Articles Journal

Ludwig Wittgenstein and Paul Wittgenstein. What was for brothers World War I?

Ludwig Wittgenstein and Paul Wittgenstein - two brothers, two geniuses in different spheres. World War I became a turning point for both. One was taken prisoner, another lost a hand.

Two big personal tragedies. The one who was taken prisoner was a philosopher. And in captivity he wrote the most known work “Logiko - the philosophical treatise“, become a milestone in development of world philosophy. The one who lost a hand was a pianist (!) subsequently - the second in the world (and the only thing in the 20th century) the giving concerts one-armed pianist.

Destinies, as well as many others, processed the 20th century, at its beginning, but not destroyed by it. Both were born in empires which in the XX century stopped the existence. Both were born in the richest, most talented and excentric family of Avstro - Hungary which too practically did not become. One brother died in the USA, the second - in Great Britain.

Ludvig and Paul were born in Vienna with a difference in 2 years in a family of the steelmaking industrialist Karl Wittgenstein. Nearly the richest family of Avstro - Hungary of that time very much appreciated education and art. Read music: I. Brahms, G. Mahler, R. Strauss were constant guests. Naturally, read also philosophy. In total eight children from whom two survived brothers became world celebrities were born.

the Philosophy is fight against a zacharovyvaniye of our intelligence means of our language

(Ludwig Wittgenstein) of

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein there is a younger brother (on April 28, 1889 - on April 29, 1951). The thinker - the logician, the philosopher - the revolutionary, the ancestor of philosophy of ordinary language or linguistic philosophy. One of the largest philosophers of the twentieth century.

The family was unusual, the childhood and youth developed for children too unusually. One year the Jewish boy (on religion - the Protestant) studied at the same school with other boy, in the future known to us as Adolf Hitler. It is interesting whether he remembered it when he already during World War II worked as the hospital attendant in the London hospital (at the same time having improved a wheelchair for patients)? Whether could assume that nazis will select all property of his family?

the Beginning of original originality in that also consists not to wish to be what you are not

(Ludwig Wittgenstein) of

Ludvig, by the way, after death of the father the most part of inheritance offered to many artists and writers, and anonymously. On one of such donations the famous poet Rainer Maria Rilke made a trip to Russia. L. Wittgenstein elementary earned all life to himself a living: teaching at rural school, work as the monastic gardener, the architect - the designer (the building remained), at last, teaching in Cambridge. He also lived as the philosopher in antique understanding: with detachment and poorly.

of Border of my language borders of my world


(Ludwig Wittgenstein, “Logiko - the philosophical treatise“)

the Front of World War I was not for L. Wittgenstein simply “battlefield“, exactly there he began to write the work, having finished it already in Italian to captivity. Not the only person in the world who wrote works in similar conditions, nevertheless, the similar facts always strike.

And in a front zone, somewhere in Galicia, he bought L. Tosty`s small volume. Subsequently filoof learned Russian, read literature in the original. And moreover: once appealed to the ambassador of the USSR on permission to move, be learned on the doctor and to work at Far North.

But it was later. For now its treatise written in captivity made huge success. His ideas were actively apprehended, and Ludwig Wittgenstein carried out all subsequent life in Cambridge where he lived and worked.

Ludwig Wittgenstein - an ambiguous figure in the European philosophy. But its books of an epokhalna. The scientific reputation of Ludwig Wittgenstein - is unconditional. It is studied, about it shoot movies. It is not necessary to read “To Logiko - the philosophical treatise“ or “Philosophical researches“ to the ordinary person, it is enough know that the author was an ingenious logician with a view of the world without illusions.

the Free will consists that acts which will be made subsequently cannot be learned now

(Ludwig Wittgenstein) of

Paul Wittgenstein there is a senior from two brothers, was born on November 5, 1887, died on March 3, 1961. As the Austrian citizen was called on russko - the German front where after wound to him amputated the right hand.

That it for the ordinary person - is clear. Trouble and grief, disability. And what for the talented pianist?

About what cannot be spoken, about that it is necessary to be silent

(Ludwig Wittgenstein, “Logiko - the philosophical treatise“)

On memoirs, Paul Wittgenstein was close to suicide. In any case, the hardest depression followed though already then he learned to execute one hand works for two hands, having developed extraordinary pianistic equipment.

The huge help came from the European composers. For Paul Wittgenstein many “left-handed“ works (P. Hindemith, Sergey Prokofiev) were written. However, the pianist refused to play their concerts flatly (say, I do not understand). The French composer Maurice Ravel was the main savior of destiny of the pianist. He promised that he will write a concert with which that will visit the whole world for Wittgenstein.

And it happened. The second concerto for a piano with Ravel`s orchestra was written for the left hand, it and is called: “Concert for the left hand“. It was finished in 1930. Execution of a concert brought glory to both the pianist, and the composer - surprising equipment, fantastically ringing music in which feelings of pleasure and triumph - not the last (it is possible to listen in comments).

To be fair it is necessary to tell that there were already piano works only for the left hand. But many of them had more didactic, training character - as part of exercises for development of the “weakest“ hand in right-handed persons.

But those works which were written thanks to P. Wittgenstein are musical masterpieces in itself. It is full-fledged, bright music, having just heard which (without video), never you will understand that here something is missing. Full acoustic illusion of game by two hands. At Ravel, for example, record of party of one hand often goes not on one “line“, there is not enough place for such complex musical fabric. And it is necessary to play one hand, five fingers.

So the person was rescued not just, the professional was so rescued. All long life he gave concerts and taught. After 1938 - in the USA where it was forced to emigrate as the Austrian of the Jewish origin. Its destiny became a basis of the novel “Crown prince“. As one of the main heroes he appears in the movie devoted to the brother Ludwig (a roller in kommenariya). The destiny of all family members Wittgenstein is described in Alexander Waugh`s book which recently appeared in the USA “the House Vitgenshteynov“.

Biographies of two brothers are that. In each of them - reflection of world events of the 20th century. And World War I became in everyone a turning point.

Hard time, difficult destinies.