Public transport of Austria. How to the tourist to make trips across Vienna?
One of the most beautiful capitals of the world, Vienna , was located in the center of Europe on the bank of Danube. The capital of Austria which is famous for more than two-thousand-year history and mass of the most beautiful sights is a tourist mecca for a long time. Tourists usually come to Vienna by train or arrive by plane, some part of tourist`s groups comes by tourist buses. It is natural that tourists have a question of public transport of Vienna as in each country there are features, there is it and in the capital of Austria. Without applying for profound knowledge of system of public transport of Vienna, I can make some explanations which can be useful to tourists.
Near the railway stations which are within the city the stops practically all types of city transport allowing to reach easily any point of the city are located.
From the airport Shvekhat which is approximately in 20 kilometers from the downtown to Vienna it is possible to reach by a usual electric train or the high-speed railway express (City Airport Train), time difference in way to Landstrasse metro station about 10 minutes, and a difference in the price approximately by 2,5 times. From the airport since early morning buses - expresses on which it is possible to reach to city air terminal or to railway stations go to the city. It is possible to use and the taxi, then a trip will cost you 30 - 40 euros taking into account tip of percent in ten, at night and on the weekend of a taxi is a little more expensive.
In Vienna is created extremely convenient system of public transport consisting of the subway (U - Bahn), buses (Bus), city electric trains (Schnellbahn) and trams (Stra ß enbahn). In the subway five lines which are crossed in the downtown in knots of change and leaving to suburbs, and 95 stations. City electric trains and trams go along 30 routes. Most of all bus routes - about 95.
The public transport begins to work in an interval from 5 to 6 o`clock in the morning and finishes after midnight. At night on about 25 - ti to routes in the city with an interval of half an hour special buses (Nacht Bus) go. In Vienna the taxi is a lot of and they concerning are not dear (the trip will cost 10 - 20 euros), but in their work there is a feature - to vote on the street is useless, the taxi can be taken on the parking or to order by phone.
Big convenience is that on all types of city transport uniform tickets, but there is a lot of versions of these tickets. If you are going to stay in Vienna several days, it is the simplest to buy Vienna Card - the Vienna card (ticket) for 72 hours which gives the chance to use city transport, but besides provides discounts for tickets in the museums, theaters, on exhibitions, at visit of sights, and also separate shops, cafe, restaurants etc. For this purpose together with the card the special booklet with coupons in which all is in detail painted, but in German or English is given.
The Vienna card 18,5 costs euro, it is possible to buy it at the airport (in this case you will use discounts for tickets to the city), at railway stations, in cash desks of public transport of “Wiener Linien“, in the majority of hotels, in the center of tourist information on Albertinaplatz, 1. Similar cards are on sale also in some other cities of Austria, and, privileges they can provide even more, than in Vienna. So, in Salzburg “Salzburg Cards“, though is more expensive, Untersberg which height nearly 2000 meters grants the right of free visit of all main museums and sights of the city, including rise on a ropeway on the mountain.
At the first trip the Vienna card is punched then three days it is possible to go on the city, showing it to controllers who meet in transport not so often. By the way, it concerns both the Vienna card, and usual tickets if they are not punched, then for the controller you the free rider, and therefore it is necessary to pay a fine of 60 euros.
In Vienna there is a big variety of tickets, including various preferential. Tourists, as a rule, use four: the ticket for one trip (1,8 euros upon purchase in cash desk, 2,2 euros - at the driver), for 24 hours - 5,7 euros, for 72 hours - 13,6 euros, for 8 days - 28,8 euros. Tickets can be bought in automatic machines and special cash desks (Vorverkaufsstellen), as a rule, they are installed in the subway and at transfer knots, in tobacco booths, and single tickets at the driver (except the subway). It should be taken into account that special cash desks are available not at all metro stations, on the weekend they do not work, in other days of week a half of them works with 6. 30 to 18. 30, and the others with 6. 30 to 13. 00. Advantage of cash desks is that many cashiers know English.
On an entrance to the Vienna subway there are no turnstiles habitual to us, and punchers on which passengers independently punch tickets are established. Similar punchers, it is easy to determine them by brightly blue color, are established in land transport. It is necessary to punch tickets at once after an entrance to inside of the bus or the car of the tram.
Children till 6 years use transport free of charge, children and teenagers more young have than 15 years the right to go free of charge on Sunday and to holidays, and also during school vacation. By the way, the Vienna card gives the chance to take with itself in transport free of charge one child aged till 15 years. At the same time the document (international passport) certifying age can be necessary for teenagers.
At survey of the center of Vienna I recommend to use the special tourist tram (yellow color) “Vienna Ring Tram“ which down the street Ringshtrasse along a ring route plies from 10 to 18 o`clock, going round historic center of the city on perimeter. Along its route the mass of sights and the museums about which tourists obtain detailed information is located. In the car information screens are placed, and passengers receive personal earphones with switches on 7 languages, including Russian. On this tram special tickets which can be bought in cash desks or from the driver are on sale.
Except the tourist tram on the city it is possible to be passed in horse crew (in the center you will see them more often than a taxi) or on the special car stylized under the train. By the way, if you are interested in history of public transport of Austria, recommend to visit the Vienna museum of trams which is considered one of the biggest in the world. In it is mute the unique collection, from the car of the horse tram and the steam tram of the middle of the 19th century, to the newest samples of trams, electric trains and buses is collected. The museum works from May to November.
Transport in Vienna is comfortable, convenient and runs to timetable. It allows to simplify and accelerate considerably acquaintance to the capital of Austria and its vicinities.