Rus Articles Journal

the attention to owners of the Central Asian turtles

of What cannot be done categorically!

CAN not paint with something a tortoise shell.

it is IMPOSSIBLE to allow to turtles to fall into hibernation of the house independently if in cold time the turtle is inactive, it is necessary to lift temperature in a terrarium and a thicket to bathe an animal.

CAN not try to be treated independently difficult diseases of turtles. It is necessary to address the veterinarian.

CAN not place a new turtle to available without monthly quarantine.

it is IMPOSSIBLE to allow turtles to communicate with other pets. It is IMPOSSIBLE to kiss turtles, to press to the person, especially children. After communication with a turtle it is necessary to wash hands.

CAN not support a turtle on a floor, without heating in a box or without a dark corner in a terrarium. It does not concern well equipped open terrarium which is made not on the basis of a cardboard box. It is IMPOSSIBLE to let out turtles on a floor and to leave unguarded.

CAN not keep turtles in too small or narrow lodge / terrarium / aquarium. It is IMPOSSIBLE to have a heating lamp lower than 20 - 30 cm over a turtle. It causes burns.

CAN not support healthy overland turtles without soil. And also as soil to use sand, fabrics, cotton wool, very small sawdust (it is better to take pressed for rabbits or cats). Turtles swallow such soil that leads to obstruction of intestines.

CAN not support together the turtles very different the sizes which behave aggressively to each other.

CAN not be fed constantly turtles only with one type of a forage,

CAN not give to turtles cat`s or dog food, the human or any processed food (cheese, milk, cottage cheese, bread...) .

CAN not give to overland herbivorous turtles animal food (meat, fish, cottage cheese, egg).

CONTENTS

1. The turtle has to contain in the TERRARIUM, but not on a floor. In a terrarium there has to be a glow lamp of 40 - 60 W, UF a lamp (ReptyGlo type) 5. 0, and 8 are better. 0 or 10. 0, lodge / shelter. The size of a terrarium has to correspond to the size and a species of a turtle. Existence of a bowl with water for the Central Asian turtle is desirable, for other types - surely. In a terrarium there has to be a soil. For this purpose the pressed sawdust (usual better not to use as the turtle can swallow them, and they can cause cold), rounded river pebble the size approach it is more than head of a turtle, special substrata for reptiles. Terrariums cannot be held on a floor! The distance from a terrarium bottom to a floor has to be not less than 20 cm

2. It is necessary to avoid big temperature drops in a terrarium and in the Wednesday surrounding a turtle. But in a terrarium surely there have to be lighter warm and more dark cold places, and the animal needs a lodge in which it is possible to take refuge.

3. The turtle has to receive the balanced forage: vegetable (cutting of fruit and vegetables), an other forage (minimum), vitamins, mineral top dressing for this look.

4. It is desirable to walk a turtle on 1 hour on the sun in warm weather in the summer (more than 22 degrees in the SHADOW), but it is necessary to watch it.

5. If turtles fight or are too aggressive - they need to be seated. In other cases of turtles of one look it is possible to contain in one terrarium.

6. It is better to carry a turtle to the doctor, having turned in a linen rag and having put for a bosom.

NECESSARY HOUSING AND EQUIPMENT FOR ANY TURTLE:

1 - the Terrarium of horizontal type, since. the turtle not a snake and down does not move (slightly worse, but it is allowed to use an aquarium (insufficient ventilation) or the box equipped with all lamps and heating)

2 - soil rather pure for life

3 - the warm corner, warmth is provided by the glow lamp, under it usually put a flat stone or the turned tile

4 - UF ReptiGlo lamp for digestion of

5 &ndash calcium; a cold corner where the turtle can sleep

6 - all scenery of a terrarium on your discretion, however, they should not be toxic

7 - a feeding trough (usually cleans up after feeding).

In a terrarium there has to be “a cold corner“ where temperature 24 - 26 hail is maintained. With day, and “a warm corner“ where temperature under a lamp has to be 30 - 35 hail S. Nochyyu temperature has to (if outside not summer, forcibly it is not necessary to cool a turtle) to fall to 23 - 25 degrees. It becomes by means of the glow lamp. The lamp at distance of 25 - 35 cm from a surface is established (the lamp is more powerful, the above it fastens). Power is selected by practical consideration, there is usually enough 40 watts, sometimes it is necessary 60, lamps it is the best of all to use mirror - for example, Phillips (cost of 5 - 6 UAH). In order that the animal had no rickets it has to receive calcium, and in a terrarium surely there has to be an ultra-violet lamp of Repti Glo (for overland turtles it is Repti Glo 8. 0. or 10. 0). For the best assimilation of food and activity also the luminescent lamp is desirable (usual or, ideally Repti Glo 2. 0), as UF gives very little visible color, and turtles are guided by search of food not only by a smell, but also for the color. If in the winter in the apartment it is cold, it is possible under a terrarium (or in it if the animal is not inclined to gnaw through a cable, and at the bottom a dense filler like the earth or pebble) to pass a thermocord (is on sale in pet-shop), it is only obligatory to do it through a temperature regulator that the animal was not roasted or did not suffer from a chronic overheat. Also for winter night heating it is possible to use infrared (ceramic lamps) Repti Glo or night lamps of the same firm, their light does not disturb an animal, however, power is rather small therefore it is worth hanging up them not higher than 30 cm. All lamps include for 10 - 12 hours in the afternoon, the glow lamp can be not turned on in summertime.

FEEDING

the Diet of the Central Asian turtle has to consist of a large number of greens and vegetables. It is extremely undesirable to feed an animal with one vegetables - it needs rough cellulose. In the spring, in the summer and it is necessary to give a lot of dandelion (leaves, stalks and even flowers) is a champion on the content of vitamin A extremely necessary for turtles in the early fall. However, it is necessary to collect a plant not near the road and to wash carefully, especially, if the dandelion is built in places of walking of dogs, it will protect a turtle from worms. A plant, the second for availability, - a plantain. In its mature leaves there is a lot of rough cellulose and also there is a vitamin A. it is better for

to feed with Salad soil though practically all turtles very much love salad, they cannot feed with one an animal, but it is possible to indulge, giving a leaf or two.

A here popular cabbage as the main forage is not suitable for turtles categorically! It contains oxalates which wash away calcium from bones - for a turtle cabbage “diet“ is wrapped in rickets. However, too it is possible to feed with cabbage an animal, but it is not frequent and not in large numbers.

is the simplest to give to an animal “salad“ - mix of the cut vegetables and greens. It can be prepared for two days and to store in the refrigerator (before feeding obligatory to warm up to room temperature). The most available components: a vegetable marrow, carrots (it is also rich with vitamin A), the Bulgarian red and green pepper (but not a paprika), unsweetened apples, pumpkin, eggplants.

Firm components like a vegetable marrow, carrots, pumpkin, grate, the others can be cut. These components enter salad, it is optional to give them every day - sometimes in salad it is worth changing something that the food did not become boring. As a last resort, in the winter sometimes it is possible to use store mixed vegetables, but it is undesirable to feed with it all the time. Dandelions, a plantain, other greens can try to be dried or frozen during the winter - some turtles willingly eat “dandelion hay“, others the defrozen greens, but there are also those that refuse. In this case dried dandelions can be pounded in powder and to strew with them a forage. Once a week for satisfaction of need for protein (only vegetable protein, animal is contraindicated to turtles in bondage!) it is desirable to diversify a diet with fresh mushrooms (small amount), sprouts of beans, corn, grain, once a month can be given soy.

Also time - two in a week should giving to a turtle a small amount of fruit (unsweetened apples it is possible for a thicket), fruit in a large number can cause diarrhea, its swelling and fermentative processes. It is undesirable to turtles to give a pear and bananas. The plants resolved in food: dandelions (leaves, a stalk and a flower), a clover (flowers), a plantain, a sorrel, a thistle (leaves), mother - and - the stepmother, a lawn grass (ryegrass), a goutweed, a lucerne, Vika, a herd grass, ceremonious, a rhubarb (leaves), a duckweed, a richiya, a tradescantia, an aloe, a petunia, a cactus a prickly pear (only without prickles). germinated oats, barley, stalks and leaves of peas are (a little).