Beer: how he is esteemed and what is preferred? History and the interesting facts
the First written mention of beer belongs to times of shumer (the IV-II millennium BC) . Sumer beer was called to “sikar“. Already during this period at the heart of its production there was solozheny barley. Later Babylonians carried on these traditions. Cereals were milled in flour, and weight was given the form of grain long loafs; it facilitated their storage and transportation. For receiving beer it is necessary to crush this “bread“ and to ship the formed weight in water, providing those multi-day fermentation.
Barley was one of the most widespread grain crops, and each family cooked the “house“ beer. Gradually family production gave way to production professional. At the end of the 11th century began to add hop to beer, having impacted it that relish which we know today. Subsequently, prior to industrial revolution, process of production of beer remained invariable. Thanks to technical and to discoveries, development of technology of brewing went with great strides though process of production of beer did not undergo serious changes since antiquity. whether
Is harmful to drink beer?
the Question which to themselves fans of this drink even more often began to set and and women do not lag behind men. Here opinions disperse. Of course, the excessive use of beer damages health, and here moderate brings benefit.
Since people began to cook beer, they found in it new curative properties. Since ancient shumer, doctors registered rinsing of a mouth and the use in warm beer for treatment of a toothache. In the Middle Ages beer was recommended for exile of stones from kidneys and for treatment of exhaustion both physical, and spiritual. Pounded beer the tired legs after a long journey. In the 16th century famous doctor Paracelsus treated liver diseases ferny beer, and respiratory diseases - beer from a sage. As masks and natiraniye beer was used in medieval cosmetology for rejuvenation of skin.
The German pioneer of causative agents of cholera, professor Koch, completely supported the Czech colleagues - professors the Head and Tomayer seeing cholera medicine as bacilli perish in beer in several hours in beer, and the illness does not develop. Therefore devastating epidemics of cholera in Europe seldom affected employees of medieval breweries. The drink as toning, disinfecting and all-strengthening beer was given to the recovering patients in hospitals of St. Petersburg up to the middle of the 19th century.
the Curious facts about beer
Beer traffic jams with full-fledged drawings appeared in the USSR only in 70 - x years. In 60 - e years of the XX century in the Kremlin Palace of Congresses “Capital“ beer of Badayevsky plant with the image of cancer on traffic jams moved. Cancer was not drawn, and squeezed out by a stamp.
4000 years ago in Babylon there was a tradition: in the first month after a wedding the father of the bride arranged to the groom “beer month“, probably, to brighten up future. It meant that the newly made husband could drink the whole month beer at the expense of the father-in-law. At the same time to the newlywed it was let know that now he can easily replace beer, but not the wife.
The world`s largest museum of Beer is in the USA, in the State of Kentucky. In the museum the rich exposition on stories of the American breweries and brewing, more than one million exhibits, apart from a collection of labels, traffic jams and cans, among them the ancient brewing equipment is presented.
The law of the city of Ames in the State of Iowa forbids the man to go to bed with the woman if he drank more than three drinks of beer.
The rich lady Pu - Abi by means of a straw from pure gold drank beer on feasts in ancient Mesopotamia. Its gold straw for beer can be seen in the museum of Pennsylvanian University in Philadelphia.
In the south of Great Britain prefer beer without foam.
In Bavaria it is accepted to drink beer from liter mugs (well that not three-liter), but not from a floor - liter, as in many other countries of the world.
In one of the Munich pothouses beer is given in unusual beer mugs. As soon as you lift such mug from a table - the Bavarian national melody sounds. Similar ceramic mugs are released by the Czech Republic.
In a pothouse of the city of Matsushiro (Japan) the announcement hangs that with the force of earthquake up to 3 - x points (on the Japanese scale) the client receives free of charge a glass of beer.
In Ukraine beer is called “py - y - in“.
The teacher of music school in Philadelphia P. Cheycher created “The beer symphony“. The opus No. 1 of Cheycher represents composition of the sounds arising at a beer nalivaniye in different ware: ceramic, glass, iron. According to the author, the combination of such sounds gives a melody, pleasant for fans of beer. Musical critics were unanimous in other opinion: “Professor obviously understands beer better, than music“.