What to decorate shady corners of a garden with? The novel with Khosta of
This novel began not at my desire many years ago. The girlfriend brought in a glass something sickly and with enthusiastic enthusiasm, on aspiration said: “It host!“ I bewildered glanced at the puny creature with such biting name. New acquaintance began, and then there was also a love to this plant which the firmness and beauty could prove that it is noteworthy.
In a sort the host is a lot of types (on different sources - from 23 to 70) which are easily crossed, and as a result of selection works hundreds of grades and hybrids became available to gardeners. In the trade catalog of plants of Great Britain more than 740 versions are registered. A host in the wild nature collectors continue searches of new types and now.
It is natural inhabitants of the Far East, the majority of views from Japan and much their smaller number extended from China and Korea. Some copies were found on the island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Grow on slopes of mountains, on rocks, on coast of the rivers, streams or at springs on forest edges of East Asia. Use is decorative - deciduous copies where the leading role is deservedly played by our beauty, can provide originality, elegance and refinement to a garden. Taking into account growth under natural conditions, features of a grade and recommendations of experts you will be able to pick up the place for the best composition.
Hosts win the hearts of gardeners the charm, a variety of appearance of leaves : glossy, with a wax raid and shining with metal outflow, opaque, smooth and impressive, reaped, with wavy edges... The form them happens spiral - when the leaf is wrapped along the central vein diversely, uzkolantsetny, shirokoyaytsevidny and heart-shaped, length - from 5 to 38 cm.
It is difficult to discuss a color palette , so it is picturesque and inimitable. There are versions not only usual green color, and and with a cream, salad, yellow, golden coloring. Is with the bordered or painted leaves in which coloring are combined on three - four shades, with contrast drawing, longitudinal lines on veins. This uniqueness most popularizes to a host. It is necessary to mention blue, blue and grayish coloring, the grades with a noble glaucescent raid reminding a crocodile leather moreover with the smelling flowers, certainly, are pride of any garden. Surprisingly the fact that these plants have no special pigment which is responsible for white, blue or grayish coloring. Here game is entered by the phenomenon of reflection and dispersion of light.
It is necessary to take surely into account insistence to illumination . On solar sites land types which have the most dense leaves. In general hosts with yellow, golden and white spots - are steadier against a sunlight. Blue color of foliage will remain at the plants planted in a light penumbra or on the sites shaded in the afternoon, and on very lit sites or in a deaf shadow multi-colored leaves will turn pale or will become green. On brightly lit site golden leaves burn out, this look develops in places, the morning or evening sun better. In a shadow they will be much more pale or in general will lose coloring and will become green.
Hosts have a different form of a bush which is defined by the provision of leaves: they either fall, or are directed up, or settle down horizontally. The bush sizes are also various, for every taste, from babies to giants. Hosts strongly expand: one plant can extend to the whole meter in width. Height on average - 50 - 80 cm, however are removed both huge almost two-meter versions, and dwarfish grades which grow by only 5 cm
of Undersized hosts it is possible to use for creation of effective borders, bordering a garden path, the coast of a reservoir, around long-term flower beds.
Srednerosly effectively look in the commonwealth with forget-me-nots, a lawn, medunitsy, akvilegiy on border, or a lawn, before bushes, and also on stony sites in rock arias and rock gardens, they are simply irreplaceable for semi-shady and shady corners of a garden as carpet landings under trees. Khosta is called “the queen of a shadow“.
Tall grades use as a wall, giants with wavy edge of a sheet plate are exclusively interesting. They possess a special charm in combination with a fern, vorontsy, kupeny, geykhery and a hellebore.
Khosta prefer a penumbral arrangement with protection against wind . In such ideal conditions the color and drawing on leaves are shown in the best look. Because some grades do not transfer direct sunshine, for their protection it is possible to put high perennials from South side. It is not necessary to refuse the help of climbers on lattices, in such cases your eyes will be pleased by composition from 2 - 3 types of an ipomea or kobe. Early-flowering melkolukovichny plants often put around a host which wake up later and close the leaves their dying-off foliage.
For busy persons perennials of this type allow to reduce works in a garden to a minimum since adult bushes form thickets in which it is difficult for weeds to break through. It is interesting that in recent years hosts - the most bought among perennial plants. Their popularity is explained not only by high decorative effect , but also durability - they are long-livers among perennials. Their bushes, unlike many other plants, become more magnificent and more beautiful with age and remain within 20 - 25 and more years.
One more reason of a wide circulation a host - their unpretentiousness . Even the beginning flower grower can grow up this plant which is almost not surprised diseases with success, however is exposed to cruel attacks of slugs and snails which are especially active in damp weather. It is especially important to protect from them and from a bug of the weevil young plants, with thin and gentle leaflets.
The root system of adults a host quite allows them to do long without water in case of need. This quality does them to enough drought-resistant plants, to surprise of many, leaves during a heat evaporate a lot of moisture. Hosts also very cold-resistant , however it is necessary to preserve the first spring escapes of young plants against late frosts. Strongly the hail harms, it spoils leaves.
Make multiple copies hosts most often of division and shanks. Bushes at the end of April, the beginning of May or in September dig out and divide into parts so that each of them had one - two sockets of leaves. They quickly expand and for two - three years reach the large sizes. Add peat, compost or humus to the prepared poles. Very long roots can be cut. Land them on the same depth at which the maternal plant grew. Distance between bushes when landing - 25 - 35 cm. After landing the first two weeks plentifully water. Delete tsvetonosa only at again planted plants that did not spend force for blossoming in the first year. Frequent division the plant can be weakened so that it is necessary to wait long when it begins to form leaves, typical for a grade.
Cherenkovaniye. From May to July for reproduction young escapes with a heel take. For reduction of evaporation before landing leaves cut off on a third or half. At this time the landed shanks it is desirable pritenyat and more often to spray.
Seed reproduction is inexpedient since at it receiving a new plant identical parental is not guaranteed, and seedlings develop slowly and only for the fourth year reach decorative effect.
Soils of a host prefers slightly sour. It is possible to feed up nitrogen fertilizers in the early spring. It is better to carry out watering in the morning, it is desirable not according to a leaf - at the roots. Blue grades cannot be watered according to a leaf simply. Division of plantations is recommended to spend each 5 years since. plants strongly expand, densely filling the space allocated for them.
If you did not allocate the place in the flower bed for this unique east guest yet, consider, she can play different roles in a garden. Khosta will perfectly perform a solo part or will fit into group where neutral coloring of leaves will effectively shade the blossoming plants, will strengthen or will soften transition from cold to warm colors and will smooth mistakes in composition, harmonizing space.