Dvoyeveriye: what is it? About what can tell breast crosses …
of Dvoyeveriye not so unambiguously as it is considered to be. Usually believe what dvoyevery is a simultaneous worship both for Christian values, and for pagan representations. Actually, as a rule, in the ordinary of people, coming to any belief (not any and not everyone, but all - - the most widespread on type of conclusions), counts on the decision two main, the most important for himself questions:
1. How to receive a relief aid in realities of day (including treatment, success, etc.) ;
2. How to get confirmation of posthumous existence and to accept blessing in its safe permission.
Any religious faith extended canons - as it is clear - on this or that concept, judgment and so forth. In particular, the architectural structure of churches and stylistics of writing of icons were subject to strict church rules. But it that missed at the same time very important should have happened, namely: next-to-skin and napersny crosses.
That ignorant of nuances it was clear, napersny crosses have no relation to fingers, that is to fingers, - crosses, wearable over clothes or in the bosom so were called, and were, most often, designation of belonging of the owner of such cross to clergy. And therefore those who think badly of contemporaries with crosses on a breast, most likely, are not aware of the fact that this tradition has old and deep roots.
In Orthodoxy and modern hierarches recognize that posthumous existence of soul is registered schematically, - and it for consciousness of the ordinary believer is insufficient owing to responsibility for those problems which he hopes to resolve by means of belief. But so happened earlier, and the answer was long before present life of contemporaries the original option of an exit …
Here before me the collection of next-to-skin and napersny crosses of the XV-XIX centuries lies. We examine it together with the husband. Number it contains 24 subjects. The most interesting - only on five Jesus Christ, on the others - only a Golgotha cross as a symbol of regeneration of soul is represented directly.
Forms of crosses strongly differ, others are exotic at all: starting with the image of a tree and finishing stylistics of romantic hearts. It is even more interesting that the cross back (that is that what adjoins to the owner`s body), as a rule, has on itself not a standard formula “Rescue and Keep“, but a various ligature which differently as magic symbols you will not call.
Among this historical magnificence meet, besides hearts, various rhombuses hard to read inscriptions, something, reminding the Maltese cross in a combination to the stylized fir-trees, unclear square inserts, etc. Sometimes the Golgotha subject is replaced with the bilateral image of a cross which is not found in catalogs with lengthening of the vertical line and existence … equilateral crosses around this crucifixion. Well, whether it is strange?
Surprisingly since XIV-XV centuries was considered that next-to-skin and napersny crosses should not be made of precious materials (that is, of gold - silver) as it endangered theft and other villainies in a pursuit of material benefit.
For this reason there is now a unique opportunity to consider the impressive sizes a complex of ancient crosses on which it is possible to judge dynamics of change of religious and world outlook views of society, terrestrial life and what follows after it. One is meanwhile clear: the hristianization of Russia initially was formal therefore the symbolics of pagan ancestors stuck to crosses on the back.
It is important. First of all, because, accepting belief, our ancestors did not refuse a sort from which came … “Ivana, not remembering relationship“ appeared later. And we need only to respect custom because it does not humiliate and does not pervert orthodox religion, but reminds it, as to a doprezhda people not wild were, and had for centuries the kept culture in which the respect for primogenitors had the most foremost value.