Rus Articles Journal

This surprising Krk or When Dalmatian language disappeared?

precisely know Mankind when one of its languages disappeared. The mankind also precisely knows what languages still are in “the list on dying“.

All this is not so harmless - endangered languages. If to begin to list them - transfer will occupy all text therefore we will leave this question for a separate subject. And here the standard statement that with each “left“ language the mankind loses a part of the cultural property will be superfluous - it is and it is so clear.

Dalmatian language disappeared, and, exact date is known. On June 10, 1898 killed years the last carrier of this language - Tuone Udayn`s , or Antonio Udin in the Italian option. It is possible to call this person by the native speaker only conditionally - he just managed to tell to linguists what apprehended in the childhood from talk of the parents: the velyotsky dialect of Dalmatian language, is a little more 2000 words. Tuone Udayna worked as the barber, died from explosion of an anarchist bomb (in the territory which we once called Yugoslavia, it was often restless …). From this day language is considered died out.

Dalmatian language belongs to Romance group, once told in it the population of coastal areas of Adriatic Sea (former Dalmatia). Those doggies which are called dalmatians conduct the origin exactly from there. And generally, dalmata is Illyrian people (as well as Istra, a pirusta, a dardana and other), in the antique times which were often at war with Rome and subdued by Romans.

Tuone Udayna lived on island of Krk which inhabitants once also spoke on one of dialects of Dalmatian language. Now this island - part of the state of Croatia, one of the largest islands of Adriatic Sea. Its history is quite curious, he was occupied since the Neolithic. Piece - very delicious therefore ““ was never left without priglyad.

During the Roman period near this island there was the well-known sea battle between Pompey and Julius Caesar`s fleet. This fight was described by the epic Roman poet Mark Anney Lukan (“Farsaliya, or About civil war“). Defensive walls of Romans on the island of Krk (which remains remained) were one of the most impressive and strong in this region. After disintegration of the Roman Empire the island was a part of the Eastern Roman Empire.

On the island several streams there were Slavs, rendering habitable it, but Krk long was registered for mighty powers: departed at first to Venice, then - Austria, France, Austria again. In the 20th century the island was under occupation of Italians, then - under German (a separate subject). After war - became part of Yugoslavia (SFRYu).

The island of Krk is registered nearly as the center of the Croatian culture. One of the first mentions of Croats in general - on found here, in the city the Head, well-known to the Bashchansky plate . This plate which is nowadays stored in Zagreb - a glagolichesky monument of culture of the XI-XII centuries. The text about a donation of the king Dmitar Zvonimir (“ and witnesses were zhupan Desimir in Krbava, Martine in the Face, Piribineg in Vinodole and Yakov on the island “) is executed by the Glagolitic alphabet, and as it is considered, this inscription the Croatian recension of Church Slavonic language - the only sample of a transition period of the alphabet (from bolgarsko - Macedonian “round“ to Croatian “angular“). In this inscription the adjective “Croatian“ in relation to the king Zvonimir also meets. In folklore about this king from a dynasty Trpimirovichey exists a set of legends.

By the way, and church service up to recent time on the island of Krk was made wonderfully: the Catholic mass read on Church Slavonic (so-called glagolichesky ceremony). Now this tradition which one thousand years, stopped the existence too.

On the island of Krk several towns, are an interesting karst cave (which in this region of the world in general much). The nature is very beautiful, is beautiful quiet “Swiss“ beauty if it is possible to be expressed so. Last century there the powers that be - not only Iosif (Josip) Broz Tito (the Croat), but even the Hollywood actors already liked to have a rest.

The majority of islands is rich with history. Cultural crossings and interpenetrations - too wealth. The island of Krk - not an exception, not for nothing it was called once “mosaic“ of languages and cultures. But on the example of it also losses - for example, Dalmatian language or a special type of church service are visible. Nevertheless the mankind at the moment tries to keep what leaves (even if also a natural order), nevertheless the mankind realized the price of losses.