Merkhab or Guten Tag? It is a little about the Berlin Turks of
of Merkhab, dear reader, guten tag, to dzhany beny. Today we will devote our Berlin reporting to the most numerous diaspora of Berlin - namely Turkish.
A modern Berlin landscape, both street, and conditional, ethnic, it is absolutely impossible to present without unique Turkish color.
Here ask the Berliner of any age that he will prefer “fast food“ in quality - it is sure, the absolute majority will tell: a dener kebab, or just a dener - shawarma with vegetables in a chetvertushka of hot big flat cake. Dener it is possible to buy almost at every turn, tasty, terribly high-calorie, the freshest and inexpensive, with chicken fillet or beef - and everywhere he will be a little different. If you want to a dener the Turkish tea - you receive it, most often, free of charge.
Everything that is offered as “fast having a snack“ by traditional German cuisine, can compete with a dener, alas, hardly. Before so favourite “Carry Wurst Meath pommes und mayo“ - that is, dullish and everywhere identical sausages of a curry with fried potato and mayonnaise lose to a dener already on start. The niche of fast food is occupied by the Berlin Turks long ago and strongly.
And not only fast food, but also actually restaurant business. The Turkish restaurants and small restaurants where meat dishes on a grill, and also a set of the “Italian“ trattoriya and “Greek“ taverns where one of owners the respectable Turk - an integral part of big Berlin are especially good.
Everywhere where it is required torgovo - intermediary activity, the Turkish diaspora is very successful. The Turkish tourist bureaus, supermarkets, representative offices of the Turkish banks and airlines make the serious competition by German now. In all large and not too, the German firms and banks several turetskogovoryashchy employees will be obligatory.
The Turkish diaspora leads the intensive internal life, with the strict hierarchy difficult and to Germans of unclear. Integration of Turks, even been born in Berlin, goes to the German society that is called “with a scratch“ and delivers to social workers of the capital a lot of the expected and unexpected difficulties.
Main of these difficulties - language. The senior generation which arrived to Berlin after war more or less learned language - but... But further there was a paradoxical phenomenon - namely: their children who were born in Germany to seven - eight years, and even are more senior, in German practically did not speak.
And the reason of it is simple. Turks of the first generation took out young wives generally from the anatoliysky villages which are famous for beautiful girls and very strict Muslim customs. The young wife, having arrived to Germany, did not learn German, she immediately brought into world two - three children, took seat with them at home and brought up them in customs and traditions of that anatoliysky village as saw nothing else.
Spoke with them, certainly, only in Turkish, and all communication went only in the Turkish environment, without special contacts with the German world. Father worked for days on end to provide a family about any kindergarten at the unemployed mammy the speech did not go. And as a result, when school days wonderful“ began “, many Turkish children for the first time learned what is it - the German world and the German speech and that it is not obligatory to add at the end of each German phrase obligatory at Turks “Weiss Du at all?“, that is “you Know?“.
“Mehmet, give an example of the narrative offer. - My father has a greengrocery. - And now - an example of a question. - My father has a greengrocery, know?“
I still this problem exists. However, now all children - and German, are also not present - take the first examination at receipt in kindergarten. And this examination - skills of the oral German speech. The same examination repeats also at enrollment of pupils. It facilitates work of teachers of elementary grades a little. To the senior classes with ethnic Turks there are other big problems including connected with mentality. Girls are married early, boys early marry and early begin to work, in gymnasiums of Berlin not enough Turkish youth studies.
But, to honor to tell, those few Turkish boys and girls who are admitted to the higher schools and universities will give big odds German as very well know what is wanted, try to obtain it in every way, without wasting time, understanding that their parents to give special financial support not in a state - in a family a lot more children. Study generally the most practical things - economy, management, law and medicine...
To speak about the Turkish diaspora, its color, its achievements and problems it is possible long, we only slightly concerned this part of the population of Berlin. There are almost entirely Turkish areas - very most parts of Kroytsberg (or, in Turkish, Kiryutsbura) and Veddinga where you will seldom meet the German sign.
But it is difficult to present today`s capital without the Turkish color, without tasty smells of the Turkish small restaurants, without the Turkish benches with cheap fruit, without dener, dolma and baklavas, without the sedate elderly Turkish men in suits and sharp-nosed boots as if who left the sixtieth years of the last century without fat worthy matrons with carriages, without cheerful and freaky young people Mekhmetov and flexible modest to Aisha. “Merkhab“ and “Guten Tag“ - everything mixed up in the city of Berlin now, and it is often possible to hear, for example: “Am Donnerstag, inshalla“.
Yes, we will not hide, there are in Berlin difficulties with the Turkish criminals. Yes, there are big difficulties with opposition of a Muslim way of life to the European, there is a so-called “new Muslim subculture“. Yes, the family violence in the Turkish families occurs more often than in many others. Yes, the Turkish birth rate significantly exceeds the German. Yes, many Turkish families receive the social help. Yes, it generally “the enclave settlement“ and marriages in the environment and in the ethnos.
But there is one essential BUT. Germans very well remember that and post-war “economic miracle“ they are in many respects obliged by restoration of Germany from ruins to the plan of Marshall and hardworking hands, patience, unpretentiousness and conscientiousness of the Turkish workers and builders. And it, you see, is very valuable - to be able to remember good.