What surely and first of all should be visited in “the white city“ of the Hungarian kings?
Again I about Sekeshfekhervare... From Hungarian the name of this administrative center Is central - the Zadunaysky region located approximately halfway from Budapest to the Lake Balaton is translated as “the white royal (prestolny) city“.
In 1543, after a long siege, Sekeshfekhervary the Turkish troops under leadership of the sultan Suleyman Velikolepny seized. The most part of buildings was destroyed, tombs of the Hungarian kings - are plundered and destroyed, and the city, having formally held in remembrance that it all - “white“ and “capital“, for many years received a new name: Istolni Belgrad. Here only from former magnificence and royal greatness practically nothing in the city remained.
Even one of the most beautiful European basilicas of that time under which arches were crowned and, upon completion of the majestic way, the Hungarian kings, and that upokoivatsya … And that at first was turned by invaders into a powder warehouse which, alas, not for long staid in an integrity and safety. Somehow the lightning got to it, the building lit up and from the fire all that in it was stored, zhakhnut so that from the former basilica remained … to
generally little after 144 years later the city was freed by the Austrian imperial troops, the state it was simply depressing. Though Sekeshfekhervar the Austrians took without bloody battle and a long siege, before contemporaries the sad picture of ruins and desolation appeared. Only one construction managed to endure the Turkish yoke. To the small chapel of Saint Anna constructed in 1480 at Matyashe Corwin. Once prospering Alba Regiya - as in the Middle Ages on Latin manners the city was called - practically ceased to exist. And to revive its greatness, time, money and forces were necessary.
And the last … Remained not so much. After sesquicentennial Turkish domination the edge strongly became deserted. And Sekeshfekhervar together with Hungarians the Serbian and German colonists who moved to the city after its release began to restore.
Especially actively construction began to be conducted in board ascended in 1741 on avstro - the Hungarian throne of the empress Maria - Tereziya who established that the freed cities should not be restored. They need to be built up anew. But not just to build up, and according to the approved architectural plan. And in modern to the empress styles - rococo and baroque.
There was no Sekeshfekhervar exception to the rules and. Constructed for some one hundred years, from 1740 to 1840, present historic center of the city is sustained in these architectural styles. With the small shred of a variety added to an overall picture avstro - the Hungarian classicism, so-called style tsopf. In which, for example, after in 1777 the city became the residence of the bishop, the palace built especially for the Holy Father was sustained.
During actually new construction the well-known bogs and bogs, once saving the city from his enemies therefore also planning of Sekeshfekhervar changed were drained more than once. Which also old fortifications - them, literally for several years should not have limited, and took down. That did not disturb. And why they? In - the first, ahead the city had long decades of peaceful life. And in - the second … Hardly even the most powerful fortresses could serve as reliable protection in wars of the future.
So it also happened. Once again Sekeshfekhervar strongly suffered during World War II when in March, 1945 in the city and its vicinities there were hardest fights between 5 - y the tank Viking division CC and troops 3 - go the Ukrainian front. After having swept in these places the front was removed further on the West, the city represented itself the depressing show. Nearly a half of its buildings was destroyed. More than 10 thousand inhabitants died.
Of course, today in the city not to see ruins and destructions. It was built up in the first post-war decades, and buildings and constructions of historic center - are carefully restored. And in present Sekeshfekhervare is what to look at. But about its sights - as - nibud then...
And today - it is a little about another. The first that, in my opinion, should be visited and what it is necessary to begin acquaintance to the city with is memorial complexes of military burials . There is a lot of them in Sekeshfekhervare. And they - rather big.
From what party you do not drive to the city, the first you are met or the last seen off when you leave, - graves. Graves, graves, graves … Extensively. On the left, to the right and so - to the horizon. So many houses, probably, are not present in Sekeshfekhervare how many graves around it. Died 5 in the last ditch here - I am a tank division CC.
Graves, graves … In total as like as two peas. The small, accurately tonsured grass patch concluded in rather narrow gray stone border and with made of the same stone - low, below a knee, an inclined plate in end of a green rectangle:
“gv. Art. sergeant Ignatenko of“
“gv. captain Shulepa“
Different days, months and year of birth. And date of death - at all one: “March, 1945“. As it was heavy to die to all of them all a month before the Victory … In one step from the World. However, they then also did not know about it …
How many ours - Russians, Tatars, Karelians, the Komi, Uzbeks - fell on the Magyar earth, others for them. As there was no wish to remain it here, on the wide, but uncomfortable, Hungarian plain. And as, probably, before death they envied those who laid down earlier, having covered with the head the, native loam, the chernozem or an easy duvet of sandy loam. For how many any more mothers, wives, darlings will never wait … How many so more also did not happen to see crude, cool, but for each of them such warm and native whether summer fog at dawn on Don, Yenisei …
It is terrible … Here in such places distinctly you understand
how many That War took away not only from your family. At all … All country. And what was necessary to pay a high price for the Victory …
I still. When you watch at these equal ranks with pure paths, accurately tonsured grass on graves, the fresh, renewed inscriptions on all numerous gravestones... You look and you like involuntary respect for those people who in Tu War were not with us. On other side of entrenchments. But for which our fallen deserve not smaller honor, than the.
Especially as I am from those places across which in 1942 - 43 there passed soldiers 2 - y the Hungarian army. And any … You represent, any, even never saw the most poorish Hungarian grave on the small Homeland …