Care of porcelain tile
In spite of the fact that porcelain tile is the material very resistant to influence of hostile environment, nevertheless it needs leaving.
First of all at hit on porcelain tile of this or that hostile environment grooves between keramogranitny tiles which are filled at its laying by structures, much less resistant to impact of chemical and mechanical damages, can suffer. Therefore at hit on a surface of porcelain tile of various polluting substances you should not hesitate with cleaning, cleaning and cleaning. It is necessary to remember that the excellent resilience to chemical influences only the seams which are closed up by epoxy materials (sealants) have.
It is necessary to apply the special liquid protecting a floor from emergence of spots on a surface and on seams to protection of unglazed ceramic tiles (ceramic granite, clinker).
Special attention should be paid to the products with a notch polished and nonskid. Light monophonic colors, especially in the polished option, despite their mud-firmness from the hygienic point of view, are not really steady against certain types of spots therefore it is necessary to remember that they need bigger leaving.
At a periodic sink of floors or walls from porcelain tile you should not apply cleaners on an acid basis. They are not capable to spoil porcelain tile, and here harm as often they incorporate cement can be done to connecting seams and can change the color. Whenever possible try to manage usual detergents.
At care of surfaces from porcelain tile avoid application without special need of abrasive means (brushes with an abrasive surface, the pastes and powders containing abrasive particles). Despite very high hardness of porcelain tile, its surface (especially polished), it can be damaged by the abrasive particles having the hardness, close to porcelain tile.
Dirt and, especially, the sand brought from the street are a natural abrasive too. Therefore you should not hesitate with their cleaning. Especially on the polished floors. It is better to use the vacuum cleaner, a brush with a natural soft bristle or a pure rag. Some types of pollution (sand, dust, powder) considerably accelerate attrition of tiled floors. Therefore it is necessary to try to keep a floor clean and not to allow presence of these substances: they are brought from the street in this connection before an entrance it is necessary to lay a rug.
Glazed ceramic tiles can be washed effectively with special means, avoiding use of powders and pastes.
At care of the polished and semi-polished porcelain tile it is initially desirable to process its surface water-repellent solution. Strangely enough at first sight, but polished surface is more subject to water influence, than opaque. It is connected with the fact that when polishing porcelain tile natural molecular communications on a porcelain tile surface are broken. For this reason in the places having bigger risk of possible zagyazneniye it is necessary to use only opaque porcelain tile.
We will give examples of various pollution and optimum detergents for their cleaning from a porcelain tile surface on degree of complexity of pollution.
Coffee, tea, beer, Coca Cola, fruit juice, ice cream. To wash away weak solution of baking soda in water. At strong extent of pollution or at the dried-up spots it is necessary to use detergents with alkaline structure - caustic sodium, chlorine. It is also best of all to use these means at once at pollution of a surface blood, wine or fat.
Pitch, wax, glue, chewing gum, paint, nail varnish are removed by means of solvents like gasoline, acetone, a trikhloretin.
Lime, cement, filling, a rust, nicotinic spots are removed acidiferous cleaners. At the same time it is necessary to give extra care at care of intertiled seams. Acid is contraindicated to them.
Despite all measures stated above and rules for care of porcelain tile, it should be noted that nevertheless floors and walls from porcelain tile demand significantly smaller leaving, than any other surfaces of inhabited and non-residential premises.