Horse sorrel. Why horses do not eat it, and people are treated by it?
the Horse sorrel is well-known. He can be met on city waste grounds, in parks, near roads, on edges and glades, but the favourite place of its dwelling are inundated meadows where it is possible to see the whole thickets of high stalks in the summer with is reddish - green or already brown whisks of seeds. At this plant there are a lot of national names - a konyatnik, a konevnik, a shchavelnik, a kislitsa horse, mare`s shchets, horse chuvel, a pyralid, a frog kislitsa, etc.
Despite the name, horses (as well as other livestock) practically do not eat a fresh horse sorrel, they are frightened off by bitterness and high content of oxalic acid. And the name, probably, underlines the plant sizes. They also actually impress, the horse sorrel can reach height in human growth, towering over meadow raznotravy. Especially well high thick stalks with brown seed whisks it is visible in the winter as seeds at a horse sorrel are not showered till spring.
By the way, the cattle eats the dried-up leaves of a horse sorrel. But at mowings try that it did not get to hay as its thick stalks dry very long and get to stacks half-baked, from - for what near them there are centers of a mold and dampness.
A horse sorrel - the perennial plant, and, begins to fructify only in several years after the beginning of growth. Breeds both seeds, and root shoots. From one rhizome the horse sorrel can grow several decades. Large long leaves of a horse sorrel on taste bitterish, with small sourness. Eat only young leaves and scapes in the spring when in them there is few bitterness. In cookery of some countries, for example, of Armenia, dried leaves of a horse sorrel as in the course of drying they lose bitterness are widely applied and develop an original taste.
In traditional medicine of many countries the horse sorrel is applied since ancient times. A significant amount of compoundings with its use is given in works of the famous scientist of antiquity Avicenna, among them are available also very original as broths of roots of a horse sorrel in wine or vinegar. Avicenna even suggested to apply preparations from seeds of a horse sorrel as antidote at stings of snakes and scorpions.
In the medical purposes all parts of a plant - roots, leaves, seeds are used. For preparation of medicines roots are considered as the main raw materials, prepare them in the spring prior to growth of leaves or in the fall when leaves and a stalk dry. Leaves of a horse sorrel prepare during the whole summer, and seeds - at the end of August - September. Dry in a shadow in well aired rooms or in an oven at a temperature not higher than 60 degrees. Roots before drying are washed, privyalivat and cut on pieces.
Contain in a horse sorrel various useful substances - organic acids, antraglikozida, vitamins (especially there is a lot of ascorbic acid and carotene), tannic and resinous substances, flavonoids, essential oil, pitches, minerals, including a significant amount of calcium and iron.
Preparations from a horse sorrel possess the bactericidal, styptic, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, holeretichesky, calming, glistogonny action, weaken muscles of internals. They are applied at treatment of stomach ulcer of a stomach and duodenum, hemorrhoids, colitis and enterokolit, cholecystitises, a hypertension, skin diseases, wounds, ulcers and abscesses, cough, a headache etc. of
preparations from a horse sorrel have very curious property: at low concentration (a small dose) they render the knitting effect and are used at treatment of ponos, and also as zhelchegonny means; at considerable concentration they render the expressed laxative effect allowing to treat locks.
For application in the medical purposes from a horse sorrel prepare infusions, tinctures, broths, extracts, ointments. The fresh crushed roots or leaves use at treatment of wounds, abscesses, various skin diseases. Apply fresh juice which is added to bathtubs to the same purposes and use for lotions and wipings. At migraine rub with juice frontal and temporal areas of the head. The juice divorced in water is applied to rinsing at inflammations of mucous membranes of a mouth and a toothache. Fresh juice is used as a helminthic.
For external application use powder and ointment from roots of a horse sorrel. For ointment preparation the dried root ground in powder is mixed with animal fat, for example badger, vaseline or vegetable oil. Earlier in villages such oil treated itch. Powder is applied to treatment of ulcers and furuncles.
For internal application most often use infusions and broths. Infusions are usually prepared from dried roots, leaves or seeds. For this purpose two teaspoons of raw materials fill in with a glass of boiled water and insist (it is desirable in a thermos) not less than 1,5 hours. As the knitting (protivoponosny) means apply two tablespoons 3 times a day to food. At diseases zheludochno - an intestinal path apply 50 grams to food. At locks usually apply on a glass for the night as the laxative effect comes in 8 - 10 hours. At gynecologic diseases use for syringings.
For preparation of broths use the same composition of ingredients, but boil on slow fire or on a water bath of 20 - 30 minutes then to structure allow to cool down and filter. Principle of application approximately same, as well as infusion. Extract of a horse sorrel is received by broth evaporation. Before the use (except external) extract is dissolved with water. Broths, infusions and extracts are stored in the cold place no more than 5 days.
For long storage prepare tinctures on alcohol or vodka in the ratio 1:5 (for alcohol), 1:10 (for vodka). Apply 20 - 30 drops divorced in a small amount of water to food.
Preparations from a horse sorrel have contraindications. They are not recommended to give to small children, to accept at diseases of kidneys and pregnancy. At preparation and reception of these preparations it is very important to observe the correct dosage which the doctor will help to pick up. Consultation with the doctor is very desirable as self-treatment with use of a horse sorrel can give at all not that effect which was expected.