The primrose is medicinal. How in traditional medicine the well-known primrose is used?
One of the first flowers appearing after thawing of snow on prigrety the sun edges and in gardens are a primrose medicinal (spring) , better known as a spring primrose. At this flower there are a lot of national names, including - God`s handles, baranchik, ears, gold or heavenly keys etc.
the set of types of primroses, widely settled all over the world Is known. Thanks to early blossoming and a variety of colors of buds of a primrose are actively applied in floriculture as ornamental plants. Is among them and possessing curative properties. But in the European and Russian traditional medicine the primrose medicinal is widely applied. Ancient Greeks even gave it the beautiful name “dodekateon“ - a flower of twelve gods.
This perennial plant is unpretentious, but prefers damp soils. Its medium-sized yellow flowers decorate forest clearings and gardens from April to July. The primrose both seeds, and shoots of roots breeds. If in a garden to plant several bushes of a primrose, then through two - three years it can be met in different corners of a garden.
The primrose spring has a short thick rhizome from which thin backs depart. At a plant prodolgovato - the ovoid wrinkled leaves covered with small velvety fibers. Leaves are collected in the radical socket which of center there is a flower arrow (sometimes a little) up to 15 - 20 cm high, but happen above, topped with an inflorescence - an umbrella to the yellow fragrant flowers having five orange specks in a pharynx.
Leaves of a primrose are edible in the raw, from them it is possible to cook salads, vinaigrettes, and also to add them to soups, roast, etc. Thanks to availability of vitamins, especially carotene and ascorbic acid, they are good for spring food in the period of avitaminosis. For gas station of various dishes use not only fresh, but also dried leaves and roots of a primrose, as a rule, crushed in powder.
Except vitamins A, With, groups B and E contain in a primrose glycosides, flavonoids, essential oil, organic acids, minerals, including a significant amount of manganese. The primrose medicinal is recognized vitamin, all-strengthening, sudorific and a diuretic, it is applied at treatment of cough, bronchitis, whooping cough both other respiratory diseases and lungs, diseases of a bladder, kidneys, zheludochno - an intestinal path, at migraine and sleeplessness, lack of appetite and depressions.
For preparation of medicines use all parts of a plant except seeds. Nimbuses of flowers prepare in April - May, leaves - during the entire period of blossoming, and roots - in the early spring or in the fall. Dry roots, flowers and leaves of a primrose in a shadow on draft. If it is required to keep the maximum quantity of ascorbic acid in leaves, they are dried in an oven at a temperature about 100 degrees.
For application in the medical purposes from a primrose prepare infusions, tinctures, broths. Flowers can be made as tea and to drink at a headache, dizziness, sleeplessness, depressions. Sometimes tea is made from equal quantity of flowers of a primrose and a St. John`s Wort. Besides, from flowers it is possible to make original curative drink. For this purpose they are filled in with boiled water of room temperature and maintained before emergence of process of fermentation then add honey. It is better to store drink in the refrigerator. For a zavarivaniye of tea it is possible to use also dried leaves of a primrose.
From roots and leaves of a primrose it is possible to prepare curative infusion. For this purpose take a teaspoon of dried roots or leaves, fill in with a glass of boiled water and insist not less than two hours. Accept two tablespoons 3 - 4 times a day to food. Consider that in roots much more saponin, than in leaves therefore fluidifying of a phlegm and expectorant action is higher at preparations from roots.
From the same amount of ingredients as for infusion, it is possible to prepare also broth. For this purpose the raw materials which are filled in with boiled water are maintained by 10 - 15 minutes on weak fire or a water bath, and then allow to cool down. The principle of reception same, as well as for infusion. It is necessary to store infusions and broths in the cool place (refrigerator) no more than 3 days.
At sleeplessness and depressions accept on 5 - 10 drops tincture from a primrose. For tincture preparation two tablespoons of dry leaves and flowers fill in with 100 grams of vodka or the divorced alcohol. Insist in the dark place in densely closed vessel of 10 - 15 days then filter. Tincture can be stored about one year.
Sometimes the primrose is applied to treatment of wounds, abscesses, bruises, burns. For this purpose use the fresh crushed leaves, powder from dry leaves or oil. For preparation of oil from a primrose dried leaves, flowers or the crushed roots place in glasswares and fill in with olive or any vegetable oil that it completely covered raw materials. Densely closed ware is maintained by about 20 days in the warm place. In some sources met the recommendation to maintain oil on the sun.
It is possible to find in the Internet and reference books the description and other compoundings of preparations with a primrose medicinal, and also techniques of treatment of diseases. It is easy to grow up a spring primrose on garden and personal plots. Is pleasing to this unpretentious plant and the eye, and will make food appetizing, and will help to cure diseases.