What herbs can be prepared in May?
Collecting plants, both for the medicinal purposes, and for preparation of fragrant tea, it is possible to carry out from spring to late fall. But it is better to collect separate plants in the spring when in them there are more useful substances. In the spring traditionally collect kidneys and bark of trees and bushes, young leaves and the first inflorescences, and at some plants and roots.
In article recommendations about collecting in May of herbs are provided in the central strip of Russia. Personally I collect them many years during this period in Moscow area. In other regions there can be some shifts on terms, but simply orient if to know the basic rules of collecting herbs.
Kidneys collect only before their blooming when they are in the bulked-up state. In May for collecting buds of a birch term already passed, but unblown kidneys still can be found in forest ravines where snow late descends. But it is a high time to collect buds of a fir-tree, a cedar and a pine. From coniferous kidneys prepare medicines (infusions, broths) applied at an urolithic illness, pulmonary and acute respiratory diseases at quinsy etc. In traditional medicine they are used since ancient times as effective expectorant remedy at chronic bronchitis, and also for rinsings and compresses.
Spring the best time for collecting bark which is cut off in the period of an active sokodvizheniye. In a midland most often collect bark of an oak, a guelder-rose ordinary, a buckthorn by withdrawal pains (olkhovidny). Bark is cut off from branches or thin young trunks. Infusions and broths of oak bark use as the knitting, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobic cure for diseases zheludochno - an intestinal path, inflammations of mucous membranes, diseases of a spleen and liver, skin diseases, eczemas and freezing injuries, female diseases. Earlier infusions of bark of an oak drank at poisonings with mushrooms and various poisonous plants.
Light diuretic and sleeping medicines make the preparations which are used as kroveostanavlivayushchy, knitting, calming of bark of a guelder-rose. Apply them at hemorrhoids and female diseases. Fresh-dried bark of a buckthorn is used restrictedly at treatment of skin diseases. In bark there are toxic substances which are oxidized approximately for a year of storage or at warming up not less than an hour at a temperature about 100 degrees. For the second year bark of a buckthorn is used for preparation of a depletive at locks, and also for treatment of wounds, eczemas, ulcers, furuncles.
In May collect leaves of separate plants, as a rule, it do before blossoming. In a midland during this period prepare young leaves of a birch, currant, a Labrador tea marsh, nettles, kopytnya European, cowberry, a primrose.
Leaves of a birch apply to preparation of the infusions, tinctures and broths which are used as diuretic, zhelchegonny and expectorant cure, for diseases of kidneys, a bladder, zheludochno - an intestinal path, at avitaminosis, atherosclerosis, gout, climacteric neurosises for removal from an organism of slags and various harmful substances.
Blackcurrant leaves traditionally use for a zavarivaniye of fragrant tea. Besides, broths and infusions from them apply as light laxative and a sudorific, at skin diseases and a metabolic disorder, to removal from an organism of excess of purinovy and uric acids.
Marsh it is necessary to treat a Labrador tea carefully as the plant is poisonous. But in traditional medicine it is used for preparation of protivokashlevy, expectorant, diuretic, disinfecting and antibacterial means. A certain care is necessary also when using leaves kopytnya, capable to cause severe vomiting. In villages to them traditionally treated for alcoholism. Besides, it is applied to treatment of diseases warmly - vascular system, zheludochno - an intestinal path, a liver and a bladder, bronchitis. Also the sedative is used as anti-inflammatory.
About a nettle it was already repeatedly written on ShZh, I will not repeat. And it is worth mentioning leaves of cowberry. The preparations prepared from them possess the knitting, zhelchegonny and diuretic action, promote decrease of content of sugar in blood, are applied at treatment of diseases of a liver, kidneys, urinary tract, at locks, rheumatism and even arthritises.
At a number of plants it is possible to collect both leaves, and flowers in the spring. First of all it belongs to mother - and - to the stepmother and a lily of the valley. Flowers - and - stepmothers bring together mother without scapes. They fade quickly if did not manage to collect, it does not matter, the main useful substances at a plant are in leaves, and they can be prepared prior to the beginning of June. Mother - and - the stepmother one of the oldest herbs used in traditional medicine of many countries.
Infusion of leaves mother - and - stepmothers is applied as expectorant, sudorific, zhelchegonny and a resolvent. Use it at treatment of colds, diseases of a digestive tract, kidneys, a bladder, for rinsings of a throat at quinsy. Compresses from leaves help to treat ulcers, abscesses and furuncles. Besides, mother - and - the stepmother promotes arousing appetite, and wash with her broth the head from dandruff and even from baldness. Frankly speaking, I doubt efficiency of similar fight against baldness.
When collecting a lily of the valley you should not forget that the plant is badly restored and in many places almost completely disappeared. It is necessary to handle with it with care as the lily of the valley is poisonous, especially its berries. Dry leaves and flowers of a lily of the valley separately. The lily of the valley is widely applied not only in national, but also in official medicine. Usually use spirit tinctures and infusions of its flowers and leaves. Preparations from a lily of the valley are applied as the calming and sleeping medicine, used at tachycardia, a hypertension, diseases of a thyroid gland, urinogenital bodies and zheludochno - an intestinal path, nervous breakdowns and epilepsy.
In short article it is difficult to tell about all herbs which can be collected in May in detail. Therefore I will just list some. Prepare a birch chaga, flowers of a hawthorn red and bird cherries, burdock roots, dyagilya and a comfrey medicinal, a dandelion, a fern, a wheat grass creeping, a grass (leaves) of a shepherd`s bag, club moss, wormwood, bearberry, horsetail field, a plantain, a violet three-colored in the spring. And on appropriate resources on the Internet it is possible to find in reference books on herbs the description and other plants which collecting begins in May.
Spring - fertile time: the nature which had a rest during the winter is ready to share generously with people the riches, to help to treat diseases, to give to drink fragrant herbal tea and even to present with natural cosmetics. Only do not forget that the nature is fragile, it is necessary to use its gifts so that not to do it harm.