Rus Articles Journal

Gabsburg - “Austria is urged to rule the world“? The emperor of the Universe

Lived during Modern times the emperor to whom almost world supremacy literally “fell down the head“, it was predetermined at the time of its birth. Called this uncommon person Charles V Habsburg.

Inheritance it, I will remind, was born so: from the grandfather of the emperor Maximilian I he inherited a crown of the Sacred Roman Empire of the German nation and patrimonial possession, first of all - Austria. From mother Juana Bezumnoy, the queen of Castile, he inherited all Spain which only was born.

In the period of its own board in the New World huge territories were open and won: so-called Spanish America - modern Florida, Mexico, Cuba, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Argentina and Chile (only Brazil belonged to Portugal), and also part of Asia - Philippines and sets of islands. The Spanish empire had the strongest voyenno - sea and merchant marine fleet at all seas and oceans. Such Empire not one person on the earth did not own to Karl!! From the grandma Maria Burgundskaya Carle inherited the Netherlands - the brightest diamond in a crown Gabsburgov, economically most developed and richest part of Europe.

All life Karl was a hostage of the extremely rich inheritance. Let`s track a course of life of this outstanding representative of a sort Gabsburgov.

At the age of three years Karl lost the father. The beloved aunt - Margarita, the ruler of the Netherlands brought up Karl. At the age of 15 years on a desperate request of general states Karl started management of the Netherlands. In 16 years, after death of the grandfather of the king of Aragon Ferdinand, Carle becomes the king of Aragon and Castile in one person. Thus, actually Karl is the first king of Spain. But Cortes (parliament) of Spain quickly put to the place of the young king who tried to rule autocratically.

Karl`s position was the highest, comparable to the status of the Roman emperors of antiquity. Its long title began so: “Elected emperor of the Christian world and Roman, prisno Augustus“. It is not accident, comparison of with Augustus - the founder of the Roman Empire.

In youth Karl formulated for himself the personal motto of the knight - “Plus Ultra!“ - “Out of limits of real!“, or “For the horizon!“, an appeal to go beyond the habitual universe and to make break in uncertainty. It meant to Karl to execute the mission - to unite all Christian kingdoms and principalities in the Universal Christian empire.

On June 28, 1519 seven Electors of the sacred Roman Empire unanimously elected Karl the emperor. He was crowned in the city of Aachen which is nice that Charlemagne (Charles the Great, the emperor of the West) appointed it the capital.

The young emperor decided to contend almost at once by forces with France, the main obstacle of implementation of its plans of association of the Christian world. Its first war for domination in Italy ran high: in 1524 imperial troops passed through the Alps, intruded in Provence and besieged Marseille. In 1525 at Pavia (to the South from Milan) two met 30 - thousand armies. Karl broke the French army and took the king Francis I prisoner. But, as soon as that was released, immediately began new war with Karl. The imperial army plundered Rome in May, 1527. Then Karl “was retargeted on east direction“: Europe was threatened by the Turks who in 1529 besieged Vienna. Karl actively tried, using the Spanish fleet, to crush Turks, but good luck escaped it. Karl had to agree to payment to Turks of a tribute.

Germany became the following purpose of the supervigorous emperor, after Martin Luther`s sermon and the beginning of reformation it was captured by fermentation. Karl impudently interfered with internal affairs of Electors and princes, firmly including himself their master not in words, and in practice.

But Karl`s attempt by force of arms to keep illusive unity of the Empire encountered powerful resistance. Karl expected danger of death of sermons of Martin Luther to the idea of the Universal empire of all Christians. Part of princes from - for these claims passed into camp of Protestants. In 1547 in fight at Myulberg Karl broke the main forces of Protestant princes, captivated and deposed their head - the Elector Saxon Johann - Friedrich. But even this loud victory could not change the natural course of life. The different people entering Karl`s Empire “over which the sun does not set“, wished to live independently and sovereignly the national states and to pray to God as they want, but not on a pointer from Rome. That to build this Empire of all Christian people of which the strategist dreamed in youth, it was not possible and the tragedy of the emperor Charles V consists.

For completeness of the characteristic of this uncommon person it is necessary to remember that Karl on a personal initiative allocated considerable funds for Fernando Magallanes`s expedition which, having overcome three oceans, carried out the first global cruise! During Charles V`s era outstanding geographical discoveries were made and huge territories on recently opened American continent - Hernan Cortes (Mexico) and Frantsisco Pissarro`s great gains (The empire of Inca) were won. However he, the emperor Charles V, in 1550 the first raised a question of immorality of ill treatment of natives of America.

In 1555, seeing that his universal plan cannot be carried out, Karl refused the rights for the Netherlands in favor of the son Philip, and next year transferred to the son of a crown of Castile and Aragon. Having overcome the strongest resistance of Electors, he renounced a crown of the sacred Roman Empire, having given her to the younger brother Ferdinand who for many years while Karl was at war, was his reliable deputy in Germany.

After that the being emperor left to the monastery in which lived several months then he died at the age of 58 years.

It is thought, Karl the Fifth was the real “person of Renaissance“, since childhood in his head plans of a world reorganization ripened, he dreamed of revival of the great Roman Empire, dreamed of that all Christian people lived in one state under its wise management, Karl Habsburg, the Roman Caesar and prisno Augustus. It seemed, destiny, having endowed it in a cradle with inheritance, unprecedented on wealth, had a kind feeling to it and its plans. Karl felt like the elected God for great Mission.

And, actually, who could prevent the emperor of the sacred Roman Empire of the German nation, to the duke Burgundian, to a syuzeren of richest “low-lying land“ - the Netherlands? In the face of Karl and on his money the whole huge continent - America joined the Christian world, and the Spanish galleons carried tons of gold of Aztecs and Inca.

But as we know, Karl was comprehended by defeat, his dream was not achieved. Perhaps, the world at the beginning of the XVI century was simply not ready to association of all Europe? Besides, at this particular time Martin Luther, the great reformer of the European spirit, laid the foundation to great split of Europe on the world of Catholics and the world of Protestants.

House history Gabsburgov did not end on Charles V, Gabsburgi were divided into the Austrian and Spanish branches and some more centuries played an outstanding role in the history of Europe, however, this movement was already descending from the highest point - Karl the Fifth era, the emperor of the Universe!

Perhaps, all history Gabsburgov - an improbable chain of coincidence and accidents, improbable luck and vital dramas which in some degree always accompany people of the power...