What do we know about Episcias?
the Name of a plant in translation from Greek are meant by “shaded“. It also should be considered, selecting it the place in the house. Very well the episcia in a cache-pot looks. The whole falls from the hanging-down and blossoming sockets turn out. It is possible to place a plant and in the depth of the room, but then it will need additional lighting by fluorescent lamps.
But even near windows, plants need additional illumination in winter time. For illumination it is the best of all to use phytolamps, luminescent lamps with warm light or energy saving bulbs. It depends on how your plants are placed. And that, for me it is important how illumination will fit into a surrounding interior.
It is possible to grow up it and in the form of a bush, in due time deleting moustaches and prishchipyvy growth point. Once tried to grow up compositions from several episcias in one pot. Experience was unsuccessful. As the growth rate of plants different, it turned out that one plant grew quicker and “hammered“ another. It turned out ugly. It was necessary to transplant plants.
To grow up episcias in house conditions, it is not difficult to support them in rooms at all. By my small experience the light place with obligatory shading from direct sunshine is necessary. If it is not enough light, plants will be extended by long lashes. If, on the contrary there is a lot of, then will grow almost at the socket and not to give moustaches. They say that on bright to light of a plant “burn out“. So far did not notice it. If the coloring also changes, then it is even interesting. It is possible then rearrange it to more dark place and leaves will grow other color. Very beautifully it turns out.
Not for nothing an episcia call “a plant - a chameleon“.
of the Episcia are well transferred by high temperatures, on condition of increase of humidity of air. However, without fanaticism. Otherwise, it is possible to ruin plants also. For increase of humidity the sphagnum is better to use expanded clay or a moss. Cover with a sphagnum soil in a pot that it not strongly dried up. And expanded clay is used for pallets with water.
of the Episcia are thermophilic. It should be considered in autumn - the spring period when batteries are switched-off. It is not necessary to water plants too. They well transfer an easy posushka of soil, even to a condition of easy subslackness of leaves.
Watering has to be moderate., in process of soil drying. Plants transfer an incomplete filling, than too strong watering better.
During the period of active growth in the spring and fertilize time in 2 weeks the solution of complex mineral fertilizers diluted twice concerning the instruction for application in the summer. Organic fertilizers also dilute still twice concerning the recommended proportion. Unicomponent brands of mineral fertilizers are not recommended to be applied.
Episcias are not surprised the main sucking insects - the wreckers widespread in room culture. The main danger to them is constituted decay, by the soils caused by excess moistening at insufficient lighting and the lowered temperature in the winter.
Prevention of gnily: an exception of bogging of the soil in a pot (obligatory existence of drainage openings in day of a pot, watering after drying of the top layer of earth in a pot); addition to the soil at change of pounded charcoal (5 - 10% on volume) or the pounded dry moss of a sphagnum (10 - 20% on volume). The plant with the decayed or sick root system looks sluggish at the damp soil in a pot. From such plant cut shanks and implant them or in bank with water or at once in the earth. Old soil needs to be thrown out, and to boil ware. At very dry air tips of leaves can dry up and the young gain can become shallow. At irregular watering at some grades leaves can twist. At too intensive solar lighting leaves can fade. In very dark place of a plant also lose coloring of leaves and they become very small.
Episcias can be surprised a plant louse, a mealy chervets, a root nematode and other root wreckers. Fight measures - application of the preparations possessing insecticidal action: aktellik, neoron, tsimbush, etc. It is necessary to spray solution a plant and to water the soil that liquid acted from a drainage opening in day. Processings repeat 2 - 3 times with an interval of 7 - 10 days. At infection with the nematode (causing formation of tumors on roots) from a plant cut off shanks, throw out the earth, and boil ware.
For episcias are recommended so-called “light“ earth mixes. The substratum has to pass well water and air, rn about 5,5. It is possible to use the land mixes intended for violets (saintpaulias).