Blue and violet. From where the symbolics of these flowers takes sources?
S. Yesenin “Hooligan`s confession“:
“Blue light, so blue light!
In this blue is not even a pity to die“.
“Blue eyes - the moon,
of the Waltz white silence,
the Daily wall
of Inevitable farewell“.
Together with blue we finally enter cold scale of a color range. It is very reserved introvertny color stimulating the person to thoughtfulness. The similar relation to blue, certainly, was affected by contemplation of the sky which reflects pernicious ultraviolet rays, and the sea which reflects the sky. These Blue Dales and depths carried away a look of people, cast thoughts about far and non-material, caused feeling of eternity and rest. Blue and its shades became color of spirituality, reflections, pensiveness and romanticism.
M. Maeterlinck “Bluebird of happiness“:
“- I such bird will also not take - it is insufficiently blue. You should go to look for that bird who is necessary to me.... I can do without the Singing Grass still as a last resort, but the Bluebird of happiness is simply necessary for me. I look for it for my granddaughter, my granddaughter is very sick.
- What is with it? … - it is difficult for
to understand. She wants to be happy …“.
Unattainable perfection to which the hero is directed symbolizes and “blue a flower“ from work of a novalis. It is mentioned by the poet - the symbolist A. Blok:
“Also there will pass any shadows
Strange sketches of images
On a wall.
I any knees will incline
I any flower will drop
It no wonder that religions often “quote“ blue. It is Ancient Greek Zeus and the Indian Vishnu and Krishna`s color. Buddhists use blue in meditative practice. Blue raincoats of the Scandinavian god Odin and Christian Virgin Mary are painted. Pseudo - Dionysius wrote that he blue symbolizes incomprehensible secrets and Divine truth.
V. Kandinsky about color: “Tendency blue to deepening is so big
that its intensity grows in deeper tones and becomes harakterny internally. The becomes deeper blue, the it calls the person to infinite more, awakes in it hunger to purity and, at last, to supersensual. It is paint and color of the sky as we imagine it when sounding the word “sky“.
Itten (founder of school of architectural design “Bauhaus“): “Blue … sprouts
in the dark and silence. Blue it is always shady and in the greatest force inclines to dark. This incomprehensible anything and at the same time transparent atmosphere. In the atmosphere blue shows all shades - from blueness of the light heavenly arch to dark blue of the night sky. Blue takes away us in infinity of spirit and belief. For us blue - a creed, and for Chinese it was an immortality symbol. If blue is darkened, then it inclines to expression of superstition, fear, lostness and grief, but always it remains in the area sverkhchuvstvenno - spiritual, transcendental“.
Shades, really, strongly change character of blue. Light-blue it is cold and quiet as the clear sky. By the way, at many people (Chinese, Germans, British) blue is not allocated as at us - it is united together with blue in uniform color.
With blackout and saturation blue can cause sad, restless, sad mood. It is especially noticeable in English where the word “blue“ (“blue“) can mean also “despondency, melancholy, melancholy“. Expression of “blue study“ means gloomy thought, and “thing look blue“ is equivalent to ours “affairs are bad“. It was most brightly shown in the word “blues“, derivative of “blue“, designating a melancholic Afro music. Not without reason one of Duke Ellington`s blueses was called “Mood Indigo“ “Mood of indigo color“ (indigo - a dark shade blue). It is noticed also that blue lighting does not promote digestion at all (blue color is not associated with food).
Two winged phraseological units also are connected with blue color: “a blue stocking“ and “blue blood“.
First traces the roots back to Venice of the 15th century. The young men and girls studying sciences wore characteristic blue stockings. In 1590 - the m this fashion were adopted to year by Parisians. To the middle of the 18th century in England expression “the blue stocking“ begins to concern to dry and pedantic people, and today is most often used in relation to, wallowed in science or study and not engaged in the appearance, to women.
Expression “blue blood“ (sangre azul) appeared in the environment of the Spanish aristocracy of Castile. Aristocrats were proud of the fact that their ancestors never entered marriages with Moors, and their light skin with bluish veins testifies to it.
In our representation, of course, make up nobody the acting veins. As does not paint also cyanotic complexion, strongly connected in national consciousness with alcoholics.
Somewhere since 1980 - x years the epithet “blue“ in the Russian speech began to be used more and more carefully as began to be associated with men - homosexuals. And literally before it musicians did not hesitate to call the group “Blue Guitars“, and the text of a song of the animated film “Blue Puppy“ (“I am offended by evil destiny... Ah, why I am blue?“) did not cause a Homeric laughter. Now even color of obviously blue panel in a children`s game show “The cleverest“ bashfully call blue.
About why representatives of same-sex love began to call “blue“, I read a lot of the most improbable hypotheses, but me the old association of boys with strict blue color, and girls with gentle pink seems to the most logical (for example, such colors at the ribbons decorating newborns).
E. Asadov “The night song“:
“Violet evening got into a garden, Scattering
dream fuzzes …“.
the PICNIC group “It is violet - black“: “It is visible to
, the devil kissed you
On a red mouth, quietly melting from heat,
I of the person Ironed an uneasy oval
a velvet dark hand.
If you can, run, dissecting circles.
Only feel fateful.
the sun Should set, here and I Will become in a moment violet
Violet it is so rare in the nature that the number of concrete associations with it it is very limited: evening, violets, grapes, plums, eggplants … Therefore - that it often contacts people magic and the imagination (violet clothes - a favourite attire of wizards). As mix blue and red he is full of contradictions: it can fascinate by the singularity, artificiality, mysteriousness, but can push away, cast into a depression, especially, when becomes too dark. Violet contacts mysticism, intuition, insight.
So, many psychologists for some reason consider that it is color of the vulnerable and easily inspired people (children and pregnant women), and also color of homosexuals. Similar researches to me seem very doubtful. Let`s take, at least, the well-known and studied fact about what children love brightly more - red and yellow colors. And love that to blue that to violet, hardly testifies to homosexual tendencies, or pregnancy.
On a color circle violet is transitional color between cold blue and hot red.
V. Kandinsky about color:
“As orange color arises by approach of red color to the person, so violet, having in itself tendency to move away from the person, results from replacement red blue. But this red, the cornerstone, has to be cold as warmly red does not allow mixture with cold blue (any way), - it is right also in the field of spiritual.
… So, violet color is cooled red both in physical, and in psychological sense. It has therefore character something painful, gone out (coal slags!) bears in itself something sad. Not incidentally this color is considered suitable for dresses of old women. Chinese apply it to mourning attires. Its sounding is similar to sounds of the English horn, a pipe, and in the depth - to low tones of wooden tools (for example, a bassoon)“. Should adding
what hidden in the mysterious blue power engineering specialist red, made violet sign color of fantastic magicians and wizards.
Coming nearer to red, violet becomes purple . It is necessary to warn at once that in this case we take for purple it is red - violet color as in English the same word “purple“ means violet a dark shade.
The purple was favourite color of attires of ancient Roman and medieval masters and Catholic cardinals. Loved it not only for beauty, but also for a rarity. To make purple dye it was very labor-consuming, it was received from allocations of sea Gastropoda of mollusks (this. bagryanok). Generally bagryanka allocated a secret of yellow color, but on air it gradually darkened. For receiving only 1 gram of paint 10 thousand mollusks left! it is clear, that purple fabric cost very much. Just in case masters of Rome even entered the law forbidding to use purple attires to individuals.
Gradually found also cheaper technologies. So, the father Pavel II in 1464 disposed to use for coloring of pontifical purple of the dried insects of American grapes. But only in 1856 when the English chemist William Perkin invented synthetic dye - movein - the privileged position of purple came to naught.
So, our travel on a color circle ended. However out of it we left four more colors: three achromatic (black, gray, white) and holding special position - brown about which there will be our following story.