Why the sports club is called “Torpedo“?
In French are the word “la torpille“ . The word it is most often used in torpedo value now, that is a self-moving shell which is used on fleet for blasting enemy ships. It has also other value: “an electric slope“. This fish was known still to ancient Romans, she is mentioned by Cicero and Pliny.
An electric slope - an animal dangerous. In attempt to touch it it is possible to receive very notable blow electric current. The special bodies which are on each side bodies of a slope create voltage from 8 to 220 volts. The Latin name of this slope - of “torpedo“ , comes from the word “stiffen“, “freeze“ which describes the effect arising in a hand from electric blow.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century the French word “la torpille“ had one more value which is going back to the same Latin root: the stupefaction made by something or someone. It is possible even to tell, “obaldeniye“. For example, Esther`s nickname, heroines of the novel of O. de Balzac “Gloss and poverty of courtesans“, was “Torpil“, that is “an electric slope“. It did not mean at all that there was it flat and cold as if this fish. Especially, it did not beat off numerous lovers the stun gun. However any man, having at least once seen stunning appearance and free behavior of this dear prostitute, forgot about everything and it was ready for the sake of “Torpil“ for any expenses. On it the novel plot is also under construction.
When in 1908 on the Parisian motor show graceful cars - cabriolets with low doors which upper edge as if continued the line of a cowl, motorists of that time that “were stunned“ were for the first time presented. The new design for the first time obviously showed what many designers already instinctively felt. The car stopped being the carriage with the motor and became an independent type of transport.
Before for some reason was considered to emphasize with correct opposite. So, one of magnificent cars of the beginning of the century, “Roi - des - Belges of“ firm “Delaunay - Belleville“, was similar to expensive, executed in Baroque style, open carriage. The transcendental price of this car was defined by its royal status in advance. In this car there went crowned persons of Europe. For example, by the special order the similar car was made for the Russian tsar Nicholas II.
However, such “carriage“ instead of a horse team was “pulled“ by the powerful petrol motor which was obviously not in harmony with baroque furniture of the carriage. The cowl of the motor was similar to the round keg reminding of other miracle of the beginning of the century, the engine. In a word, “Roi - des - Belges“ looked so, as if it was made purposely of two different parts.
The new design, “la torpille“, exposed the car motor covered with a graceful cowl on the foreground. The driver and passengers accommodated not above the engine now, and on one line with it. As a result the car became lower, so, is steadier on turns, more promptly. This precipitancy was positioned as the main advantage of a new type of transport, and driving of the car - as occupation, worthy the real man. The contemptible driver turned, thus, into the dashing hero - the cavalryman.
In stunning style «la torpille“ it is considered one of the first cars 45 - strong “Mercedes“ of production of 1908.
It is necessary to tell that at the Mercedes car - the whole three parents. Two are engineers Gottlieb Wilhelm Deimler (Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler) (1834 - 1900) and Augustus Wilhelm Maybakh (August Wilhelm Maybach) (1846 - 1929) . The third - the businessman Emil of Jelinek (Emil Jellinek) (1853 - 1918) . Jelinek hotly loved two things in life: cars and the daughter Adriana Manuela Ramona Jelinek (Adriana Manuela Ramona Jellinek) (1889 - 1929) who in a family was tenderly nicknamed “Mercedes“. Spanish “Mercedes“ (the accent should be put on the second syllable) can be translated both as “grace“, and as “mercy“. Who remembers the novel “The Count Monte - Cristo“, will understand that And. Dumas - the father not without reason called the beloved of the main character by this name.
Jelinek suggested to give to Deimler and Maybakh`s car the name “Mercedes“ loved by it. At that time designers paid not enough attention to how their car is called. Pointed Jelinek who can safely be considered as one of the first-ever marketing specialists to important communication between the name of the car and subjects how willingly it will be bought.
“The name of my daughter has undoubted advertizing advantages which other names do not have. It is exotic and attractive. It is easy to say it, and it is pleasant aurally. You can call the car, as you wish, but cars which will be sold by me will be called Mercedes!“ Jelinek`s
one of the first understood that the car any more not “a self-fluent carriage“. It is not necessary to mask under the carriage what stopped being the carriage, and becomes the new, mighty and fast vehicle. Now all autoindustry lives under violent Ellinek`s slogan. “I do not need the car today`s or tomorrow. Our car has to be the car of the day after tomorrow“ . Conservative Deimler was bent from these impudent words, as from a toothache. But they pleased the ingenious designer Maybakh.
“Astounding“ cars fascinated also buyers. Production pseudo - sports cars began to be developed first of all in the main automobile powers of that time, France and Belgium. But when exporting these cars to England there was a problem with the translation. The sales agents who are not too understanding English subtleties - francophones translated French “la torpille“ into English very approximately: not “stunning“, but “torpedo“. Perhaps, and to the best. Prompt, fighting and besides voyenno - the sea word inspired British, and behind them and the whole world on purchases.
“Torpedo“ cars were very popular at the beginning of the XX century up to 1930 - x years. They had an open body without glasses, racks and a windshield in imitation racing cars of that time and were especially popular with the men wishing to emphasize the bravery and courage. Besides Torpedo cars were cheaper than representative “carriages“.
By the end of 1930 - x years Torpedo style gradually got out of fashion. But the word it was for a long time imprinted in Russian as the name of a soccer team of the Moscow automobile works. On May 22, 1936 the debut of this team in superiority of football clubs of the USSR took place. The name was offered by the famous skater, the first Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR, Yakov Fedorovich of Millers (1896 - 1960) . Really, that more than the brand of the prompt sports car is suitable for the name of sports club of motorists?
The name “Torpedo“ quickly got accustomed. It was promoted also by an exit to screens on December 25, 1938 of the movie “Goalkeeper“. The movie was shot based on Lev Kassil`s book “the Goalkeeper of the Republic“. The team which in the book is called “Mag“ in the movie was renamed into “Torpedo“. Partly because the director of the movie was a passionate fan of this team. Partly because the fighting word “torpedo“ was better combined with voyenno - a patriotic orientation of the movie.
Hey, the goalkeeper, prepare for fight,
Hour you are put at gate! You present to
that for you
a borderland all right!