Golden currant is what for a miracle - berry? Welcome
, any personal plot does not do without currant, red or black, white meets less often. And here golden many even did not hear about currant though it appeared in Russia still in 18 - m a century as an ornamental plant. The homeland of golden currant is North America where it grows in a wild look in the extensive territory.
This culture has the mass of advantages and deserves a wide circulation.
In - the first, she is practically not ill and is not damaged by wreckers. In - the second, it much more surpasses other types of currant, both in frost resistance, and in drought resistance. In - the third, golden currant can grow on any kinds of soils, except crude sites with heavy clays. Except everything, it is very ornamental shrub and a fine melliferous herb.
By the sizes bushes of golden currant are larger than habitual types and reach 2,5 - 3 meters. The green brilliant foliage in the form reminds gooseberry leaves for what it is mistakenly considered sometimes as the hybrid received from crossing of currant with a gooseberry. In May this currant blossoms very fragrant zolotisto - yellow flowers which decorate a bush within 2 - 3 weeks and attract bees and bumblebees with all the district. She also received the name for magnificent flowers - “golden“. During blossoming the bush is just amazingly beautiful!
Golden currant can be used even as a green hedge which will please in the summer with fruits, and in the fall - yellow and it is bright - red shades of foliage. It is one of the few berry bushes which can be grown up and just as an ornamental plant for decoration of a personal plot. And it is possible to place it in such places where more any culture will not be able to grow: in a shadow of structures or trees, on a steep inconvenient slope or for cover of an unsightly corner.
Fruits of golden currant ripen at the end of July or in August when other berry-pickers already otplodonosit. Berries by the size are comparable with fruits of blackcurrant of average size. At good leaving they grow up and are much larger. On appearance slightly remind a gooseberry. Contain many vitamins, minerals, biologically active agents. And though in them there is less vitamin C, than in blackcurrant, but it is more carotene, than in sweet pepper and apricots. Special difference of these fruits - in lack of a specific smell characteristic of blackcurrant. And on taste they more sweet, without sourness, characteristic of usual currant.
Berries of golden currant use fresh, do juice, compotes, jam, wine. Usually from an adult bush it is possible to collect about 6 - 8 kg of berries. Depending on a grade they are black, brown, red, yellow. Ripening, long are not showered from branches that gives the chance to prolong the period of consumption of fresh berries up to frosts. Here only during incessant rains of berry can crack, then it is better to collect quicker them.
Special care of golden currant is not required, it is unpretentious. Loves the lit places, but well grows also in a penumbra. Can grow on poor soils though it is more preferable fertile and rather moisture capacious. Possesses extraordinary resistance to adverse factors: to a heat and frost, dust and drought, smoke and gas contamination of air, diseases and wreckers. Especially there is a wish to note its resistance to such enemies of the gardener as mealy dew, septorioz, a makhrovost, a pochkovy tick, a steklyannitsa.
Care of a bush consists the broken and old branches at a distance, as well as at other types of currant. Make cutting of 4 - 5 summer escapes to the basis in annually early spring, replacing them with young. Currant golden is well formed also in the form of a tree on low (to 70 - 90 cm) a shtamba. It looks very decoratively with the hanging-down escapes covered with brushes of flowers in the spring and berries in the summer.
Breeds well in all ways accepted and for other types of currant: shanks, layers, root offsprings. But more often for landing use annual saplings which land in the spring or in the fall in landing holes about 50ő50 cm in size. When landing young plants should be buried at 5 - 8 cm, to plentifully water and zamulchirovat a soil surface peat or humus. It is desirable to cut off elevated part, having left on a surface of 3 - 5 well developed kidneys. For the second year the first berries appear.
Now productive and large-fruited domestic varieties Dustlik, Uzbekistan large-fruited, Kishmishnaya, Venus, Shafak and some other are removed. For receiving good harvests it is necessary to have not less than two grades of this currant because at self-pollination of an ovary fall down on a site.
During intensive growth of young escapes currant is plentifully watered, especially if there is hot dry weather. During the season feed up solution of organic or mineral fertilizers twice. Are optional to adult bushes of top dressing, it is enough to bring in fall in a radical zone the rerotting manure or mineral fertilizers. On one place bushes of golden currant can be grown up till 15 - 20 years.
Thanks to high ability to adapt to any conditions, golden currant can grow practically in all territory of Russia and the CIS countries.
But be careful , do not collect a branch of golden currant for a tea zavarivaniye: kidneys and young leaflets are very poisonous as they contain compounds of hydrocianic acid .
It is for the first time published in the myjane magazine. ru .