How much is imperial ruble?
“When there was free Russia, 3 kopeks were cost by a goose“. saying, Popular in the Soviet years.
When in school days I read classics, it was always interesting to me and how many these or those sums which are found in books make in present money? The answer to this question to me Vladimir Shirokogorov`s article “Helped to find the prices and salaries: pre-revolutionary Russia“ in the Positive Marketing magazine. Took food prices from this article and gained them in the spreadsheet. Then converted pounds and chopins into kilograms and liters.
However, there was a small problem with the goods which were on sale by the piece. It was necessary to make to me approximations: I assumed that the kilogram of potatoes contains 9 potatoes of the average size, the kilogram of onion - 10 bulbs, a carrots kilogram - 7 root crops, and also is the share of kilogram 10 pickles, 4 beets, 6 apples, 8 lemons and 1 hazel grouse. A cauliflower head of cabbage I put equal 1,2 kg, and chicken at me pulled on 1,5 kg.
Further I got into Yandex and made request at the modern prices of similar goods. Having divided the modern prices of the prices specified to the same units began 20 - go centuries, I received a number of coefficients, minimum of which - 67 - 72 - at me fell on such products as melted butter, hens, peas, lemons and pickles, and maximum - 512 - at me fell on a cranberry and a hazel grouse. The average coefficient at me left 236.
Thus, at par purchasing power concerning food 1 ruble of the beginning 20 - go centuries (till 1914) is approximately equal to 236 to Russian rubles on 2010.
Now, having received coefficient, we can increase by it the salaries given in initial article, and we will receive:
Loaders and raftsmen (on Dnieper in Kiev), workers at soap-producing and plug plants received 4460 rubles a month.
Unskilled workers at large steel and metalworking works in St. Petersburg - from 4460 to 7800 rub
Highly skilled workers are turners, mechanics, milling-machine operators, electricians - at large steel and metalworking works in St. Petersburg - from 16725 to 26760 rub
Army officers had very low income. The second lieutenant (lieutenant) had a month 15600 modern rubles, the lieutenant (starly) - 17840, shtabs - the captain of 20 000 rubles. And the captain (equal to the current major) - 23400 rub. At the same time they had to buy regimentals at own expense: for a uniform lay out 14500 rubles, for a single-breasted coat - 5570, for boots - 4460. It is good though paid extra from 1800 to 5600 rubles a month for housing, depending on the city.
Deputies always received not bad. For example, deputies 1 - y the State Duma had a salary 78 000 in a month. By the way, they were equated to officials 4 - go a class - to the valid councilors of state or generals - majors in army.
And here in the Shuysky female gymnasium the teacher of the Scripture received 22800 rub
In the nice city of Tsaryovokokshaysk of the man - servants received from 1100 to 1800 rubles, and the woman and that it is less: from 334 to 1115 rubles. However, they lived and were fed at owners. The elementary school teacher received 5575 rubles in the same place, and the teacher in a female gymnasium (sovr. lyceum) from 19000 to 23500. The paramedic in territorial hospital earned from 8250 to 12300 rubles a month, and the manager - nearly 28 000.
the Chief Orlovskogo pochtovo - the cable district earned about 65 thousand, taking into account 29 thousand “dining rooms“.
According to the message of arbook_9 in LJ - community ru_history:
the Minister of Internal Affairs received 455 000 sovr. rub
the Governor - from 93 000 to 148 500 rub
Professor of university - 55 750 rub
the Police police officer - 27 900 rub
the Army general - to 40 000 rub. As I already told
above, the coefficient is calculated only on a grocery basket, and here the equipment and communication those years cost much. And whether it is possible to compare it on quality to present equipment and current communication? Many goods and services those years were not in principle. For example, Internet, television, subway...
It was necessary to pay about 1200 modern rubles a month for use of phone, and mezhgorod cost 111 present rubles a minute. From transport in the city there was only a tram (11 rub for station) yes the horse tram (7 - 16 rubles). Carriers took from passengers from 50 to 160 modern rubles for flight from the station to the downtown.
From the same article we can receive ratios and for other currencies now. SASSh dollar: 435 modern rubles, the French franc - 85 rub, DM - 103 rub, the English pound sterling - 2093 ruble.
Certainly, coins and banknotes of those times have where a high price, than what at me turned out at par purchasing power. For example, the ruble of 1912 given in an illustration to this article can be bought for 14100 rubles. Paper, of course, is cheaper - from 300 rubles for “canary“ depending on a state. And the three or the five is not always more expensive than ruble.
And finally, coming back to an epigraph and how many the goose cost? The goose cost slightly less than 400 modern rubles. Only...