Calendar of the summer resident. What to be engaged in May in?
Mai at gardeners is full of cares as any other spring month. By this time already almost all works are conducted in an open ground: it is necessary to manage to pave the way and to put all cultures in the time. But only it is not necessary to grab everything at once in aspiration by all means to outdo neighbors! It is better to keep health and carefully to plan everything according to landing terms.
To blooming of flower kidneys on fruit-trees and bushes carry out their processing by insecticidal preparations against wreckers. But if the garden small is also an opportunity to happen often on a site, then it is better to bring together wreckers by a stryakhivaniye from branches on the laid film. It is necessary to do it twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, at air temperature not higher than 8 - 10 degrees. Because at this particular time bugs “are slowed slightly down“ and do not scatter, it is easy to collect and destroy them. On shtamba of fruit-trees at the beginning of May impose lovchy belts.
In May the escapes which froze in the winter are already well visible, cut off them prior to blossoming, and cuts with a diameter more than 1 cm carefully cover with the garden thief. Landing or change of fruit-trees and bushes are finished no later than the first decade of month.
And under berry bushes it is necessary to prorykhlit the soil in pristvolny circles not more deeply than 10 cm and to zamulchirovat. On advantage will be top dressing nitrogen fertilizers (better in the form of solution) or manure.
In May night frosts are frequent, especially during blossoming of gardens. Then carry out smoking, using beforehand prepared small groups of straw or dry foliage. At the end of the month blossoming of fruit-trees comes to an end, begins formation of ovaries. During this period special value has a soil saturation moisture. If there is dry weather, then it is necessary to water trees surely.
For convenience of this operation it is possible to make the following. To take a metal tape 15 cm wide and about 2 m long (or decorative plastic), to evenly round it a pristvolny circle and to bury slightly to the soil. In this circle will fill in very conveniently water, it will not spread. The sizes of a ring need to be compared with the tree sizes. Such ring will serve here within several years. It is similarly possible to fence both berry and decorative bushes.
Under bushes of currant bring wood ashes or organic chemistry and carefully mulch. It will complicate an exit from the soil of the wintering wreckers and will serve as good top dressing to plants. But it will be even more reliable to cover the soil under bushes for some time a film or other dense material when about 3 - 4 leaflets are formed already. It will allow to reduce the number of wreckers considerably. If there is no opportunity to bring organic chemistry directly under bushes, then it is necessary to feed up before blossoming each adult bush two buckets of solution of organic or mineral fertilizers. Young bushes receive top dressing according to the sizes - about 0,5 - 1 bucket.
If young layers of currant and a gooseberry are necessary for reproduction, then after loosening of the soil do small grooves in which stack suitable branches, fix by hairpins and powder with the soil. At the end of summer it there will already be ready kornesobstvenny young saplings.
Malines should examine and cut out the frozen slightly escapes, to truncate tops of full escapes on 30 - 40 cm. The soil under raspberry is mulched a thick layer of humus, she is especially sympathetic on it. Escapes tie up a twine that they did not lie down in the subsequent under weight of foliage and fruits.
Beds of garden wild strawberry clear of dry foliage. At this time it is already well visible what bushes froze slightly. They need to be discarded and replaced with young sockets. Row-spacings dig over with introduction of humus and mulch. It is useful to bring approximately on one tablespoon of wood ashes under each bush. For this purpose along ranks do a flute in which bring ashes, then fill up with the soil and plentifully water. In general before blossoming wild strawberry it is necessary to feed up solution of organic chemistry or mineral fertilizers, bringing about 1 bucket of solution on running meter. During frosts carefully cover because its flowers freeze slightly even in a stage of buds that considerably reduces productivity.
the Kitchen garden
to avoid sharp load of an organism, is better to prepare the soil under vegetable cultures gradually, in process of their disembarkation. In the beginning to dig up part of a site under the cultures sown in the first half of May. After that it is possible without hurrying, gradually to dig ridges and under the others. For these several days on the raw site there will already densely ascend seeds of weeds which will be for a long time destroyed at the subsequent redigging, and you will weed at a distant day this part of a kitchen garden.
At the beginning of May land cold-resistant cultures - carrots, a radish, parsley, peas, continue to sow a garden radish and cabbage of a kohlrabi. As a rule, no later than the first decade of May land seedling of early cabbage in an open ground. Plant onion sets on greens and a turnip.
In the second half of month carry out crops to an open ground of seeds of cucumbers, pumpkins, vegetable marrows, haricot, corn, table beet, seedling of late cabbage. To film greenhouses land seedling of tomatoes, pepper, eggplants, cucumbers. Greenhouses need to be covered with a film beforehand that the soil well got warm and the seedling got accustomed without stress. At hot weather it needs watering by warm water of times in 3 - 4 days.
By the end of month it is already possible to clean the first harvest of greens from vegetable perennials: onions, spinach, sorrel, celery, parsley.
In May pay attention to birches: as soon as there were leaflets - it is time to plant potato. Though for receiving an early harvest it is possible part of tubers (it is desirable germinated) to land at the end of April - the beginning of May. When landing it is useful to add well rerotting humus to each hole and from a half-glass of wood ashes. All this is mixed with the soil and put a tuber, a growth kidney up there.
At threat of night frosts it is necessary to take measures to save young shoots.
the Flower bed
the Majority of long-term spring flowers already blossom in May. At this time it is necessary not only to admire their beauty, but also not to forget about weedings, waterings in the absence of rains and loosening of the soil. At fading bulbous it is necessary to break off deflowered nimbuses accurately. It is undesirable that the falling-down petals of tulips were scattered around and stuck to leaves. If not to cut off the fading arrows of a muskara, then on them fruits with seeds are formed, they will litter landings with self-sowing.
The time for disembarkation in an open ground of seedling of flowers and seeds came. If it did not turn out to plant gladioluses at the end of April, then it is necessary to make it as soon as possible. From the middle of May land also tubers of dahlias. For climbers pull cords in advance and do decorative support.
Feeding up solutions of fertilizers a garden and a kitchen garden, do not forget about a flower bed and ornamental shrubs. Because in May they especially need food to gain strength after hibernation and violently to blossom - to turn green in the summer and in the fall.
Attention! the Calendar is calculated first of all on a climatic zone of a midland and contains only the most general recommendations. Therefore everyone has to correct them according to the personal range of plants and concrete pogodno - climatic conditions of the region.