Cats, dogs and people: how to find a common language with pets?
Once people kept around cats and dogs with purely utilitarian purposes: cats - to save edibles from mice and rats, dogs - for protection of a residential zone from wild animals and for hunting. Now all this is necessary much less often, and pets are held more for obtaining positive emotions which so often are not enough in communication of people among themselves. Pets are useful also at education of children: and free time is taken, and accustom to make thrifty use of all live on Earth.
But that cohabitation with animals was not saddened by chagrin, hassle and scandals, owners need to find a common language with the pets - that language which cats and dogs use both at communication with similar, and at communication with people. For communication they have the whole complex of expression of the desires and emotions - a mimicry, peculiar gestures and shades of a voice.
At cats, for example, it both plasticity of a body, and various poses, and a manner to behave, and the voice used in the most various range. Among the signals given by a cat the pose, position of ears and a tail are main. When to a cat it is terrible, she usually tries to become invisible: drops to the earth, bends ears back and presses them to the head, it is very strained and ready to instant flight. Pupils extend, wool bristles. If the dangerous situation proceeds, the cat passes to active defensive actions - waves paws, hisses. As an indicator of critical excitement at cats serves the hump. The back is curved, legs are strained, wool is reared to seem higher and more, ears are densely pressed, hissing is distributed. Then the cat begins to move back, is developed by side in readiness to get away, makes the menacing actions, as a last resort - attacks.
Surrounded with care and attention, cats grow tender and playful, very susceptible to attention signs from people. They try to be closer to owners, show to them the relation with the help of a mimicry, gestures and a voice. Potiraniye about legs, the curved back, the tail raised by “pipe“, pushes the head about the ironing hand, uterine sounds, loud purring etc. - here attention signs to people. Cats possess natural cunning and often use our weakness to them for achievement of the purposes. And in the requirement of food they are inexhaustible on inventions.
The voice the cat can widely communicate both with relatives, and with people. Short miaow means a greeting or the invitation to contact. The squeezed miaow, loud uterine sounds express the complaint, offense, feeling of hunger. If plaintive sounds develop into loud cries, so the cat asks about the help or feels fear, and in a fight - lets out wild cries. At the moment of tenderness the cooing sounds or purring are heard. But the angry, spiteful purring can mean also negative emotions.
On supervision of scientists, cats consonants (Cyrillics) of M, N, can say, X, F, B and P. Cats and dogs speak different languages. Dogs usually understand only expression of threat from cats. The cats and dogs who are contained in the house together with early age understand each other much better.
In language of dogs accurately differ howl, squeal, growl and bark. The dog howls for hunger, cold, music and melancholy. Unlike cats who live as if in itself and only sometimes condescend to people, dogs feel constant need for communication with owners and howl when they are left alone. Squeal at a dog usually is a request for the help. Dogs squeal when to them it is painful when wish to eat and drink, at the closed doors where they want to enter, etc. Dogs growl, threatening, and take others growl for threat.
If the dog notices something suspicious, she begins to bark. Neighbour`s dogs echo it, and all village soon wakes up. So was from an extreme antiquity when dogs lived in flocks. Bark is a signal “prepare for fight“. Other value of bark, without the menacing shade is a desire to draw attention to itself. Bark the dog welcomes the owner. Puppies bark at each other during games. As we see, sound language of dogs is more various, than at cats.
Except sounds, they use poses, a special manner of movement, the special movements, a mimicry. The mimicry of dogs especially well expresses their intentions and a state. At threat skin on a muzzle is wrinkled, and the upper lip rises, opening tooth and canines. A look direct and fixed, ears are directed up and forward, corners of a mouth are closed. If threat amplifies, then the muzzle is wrinkled even stronger, and the tip of a nose is lifted up up. Feeling fear, dogs reject ears back and press them to the head, corners of a mouth are delayed back and down, the tail between the legs is put between hind legs. A waving (wagging) by a tail and the mouth which is slightly opened in the form of a smile mean a greeting. Inviting to play, the dog drops to forepaws, squats, bends a back, raises a muzzle, lowers ears, povilivat the lowered tail.
The understanding of language of cats and dogs allows owners easier to cope with them, more truly to estimate their condition, to take adequate measures from what it becomes better for both the person, and his pets.