Galey (Sea Burbot) - Gaidropsarus mediterraneus
of Galey (the Sea Burbot) - Gaidropsarus mediterraneus
of Galey or a sea burbot (Gaidropsarus mediterraneus) - ground fish of family treskovy. Galey it is usual for the Black Sea. Lives in a coastal zone, at a small depth, loves a stony bottom. Is found Galey only in the Black and Mediterranean seas, does not make distant migrations. A sea Burbot - holodolyubivy fish. The burbot lives in pure and cold waters with a stony or silty bottom and a slow current. When water heats up above 15grad°s the burbot goes to the places which were more protected from the sun and falls into catalepsy, without eating the whole weeks. He gets into casual deepenings and gullies in coast, rach of a hole or is killed in coastal seaweed. The burbot leaves the summer shelters only in cold and cloudy weather at night.
the Sea burbot is not only largest, but also most prolific representative of family treskovy. Its weight can reach also 20 kg, but usually the weight of average fish fluctuates between 4,5 and 10 kg. The sea Burbot lives in regions of underwater reeves and rocks. In a form reminding an eel, sea burbot can reach in length of 50 cm. Burbot teeth very sharp, as well as at any other predator. Under the lower jaw the small short mustache is located. The body at a burbot has oblong shape, and its color is generally gray - brown with reddish outflow. Belly of fish grayish, sometimes cream. All body of a burbot is covered with protective slime. This slime is emitted from glands located on its surface. Therefore skilled fishermen always use a net, unhooking a burbot as fish can easily slip out hands. It is fed Galey with worms, Crustacea and small small fishes.
Reproduction of the Sea Burbot occurs in a cold season - from December to March. On spawning it approaches closer coast, on shoal with a sandy or stony bottom. Females vymetyvat up to 5 million berries. Caviar small, with small to a fatty drop. In 1-2,5 months after spawning berries leave larvae. Though fertility at a burbot is big, very few berries turn into small fishes. The bulk of larvae is carried away in the sea and becomes a forage for other fishes. Galey also in a large number can eat the caviar covering a thin layer all spawning area and representing the most readily available and rich food during dark winter times. Therefore by the end of winter only those berries which got under stones or under other protection remain, and to grind a burbot most often meets in places where there are a lot of large stones. Here it keeps to one-year-old age and only later leaves on deeper oozy places. Almost to two-year age to grind eats ground invertebrates and fish caviar.
Black and Mediterranean seas.
Contents in the Alushtinsky aquarium:
Temperature, the most suitable for the Sea Burbot, fluctuates around 10 - 15 degrees Celsius, salinity to 22 - 22,5 per milles Is necessary a plentiful filtration and periodic substitution of water. It is the best of all to feed with worms, Crustacea and small small fishes.