Matrona of Moscow. Why to it people so hurry? Many years I could not understand
what speak around about. “I will go to Matryona, maybe, will help …“, “Only to Matryona, tomorrow to Matryonushka, I will ask for Matryona, I will pray to the mother...“ - it was told by the people the most usual who are not noticed in special religiousness, living the most habitual, is ordinary - feverish life.
Long it was heard how something absolutely far. As suddenly the next guest on a traditional question: what plans for the first day in Moscow, unexpectedly answered: “Of course, to Matryona“. Here it was already necessary to ask specifically - where, and it turned out that two steps away from the house …
Matryona Dmitriyevna Nikonova, or the Saint Matron - one of the most interesting figures in a pantheon of orthodox Saints. In - the first, it was esteemed as the prophet and working wonders already during lifetime, and in - the second, all this occurred not just in the 20th century, and is concrete during a Stalin era . And it is the fact amazing, seeming absolutely improbable.
And exists and the version that before a terrible and great Battle of Moscow to Matryona there came I. Stalin. And this version sometimes is submitted not such fantastic: it is known that during war Stalin temporarily stopped persecutions on church. Let`s remember at least its addresses to the people where were mentioned and “to undertake also sisters“ along with “companions and citizens“ … the version Is faithful to
or not, perhaps, never to learn definitely. Matryona suffered persecution, but was not arrested as many of her relatives - more precisely, that at whom she lived - huddled. There is even an icon ““The matron and Stalin“ where sacred grows old talks to the generalissimo in an overcoat! There was a great public outcry, pseudo-the icon is condemned by ROC as sectarianism (the image of this “icon“ it is easy to find in the Internet).
Matrona Dmitriyevna Nikonova was born 9 (or 22) November, 1881 in the Tula province, in the village of Sebino of Kimovsky district (then - the Epifansky County). Died on May 2, 1952 in Moscow. It is canonized as blissful grows old in 2004.
Her life is known very much - the benefit, business absolutely recent. The book devoted to it is known: Z. Zhdanova “Legend on life of a blissful staritsa of the Matron“. There are other memoirs. However, to the book of Zhdanova at Russian Orthodox Church the relation ambiguous: do not recognize as a source, but also not especially blame.
So, Matryona in a family was born the fourth child. Mother had a prophetic dream after which that did not send the blind girl to a shelter. Christened the Matron (in honor of the Greek venerable Matron Constantinople). There are certificates that from 8 years unusual abilities to healing and especially - to anticipation were shown at Matryona. And the girl was not just blind, it is known that eye hollows were closed for centuries, but she “saw“ from within.
The legends about blind and immobilized from - for diseases to the woman there is a set. Beginning from a prediction of revolution and the Great Patriotic War, finishing with the help in writing of the degree architectural project with full knowledge of sights of the Italian cities...
It is known that right after revolution from the yearned villages people stretched to the city. And Matryona appeared in Moscow, whether for brothers, whether in itself. And all the already Moscow life lived where and as it is necessary. Also worked the wonders is that we know well from books and movies. On May 2 it predicted the death too …
B Matrona of Moscow`s ashes was reburied 1999 in the territory of the Pokrovsk monastery which is, actually, located in the downtown - Taganka (Taganskaya metro station).
the Pokrovsk convent was founded in 1635 by the tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. It was called then “A cover on poor houses“ because even earlier there was a cemetery for tramps and executed... And monastery history very interesting - here was the Theological seminary. Here in Patriotic war of 1812 there was also a ruin of monastery. Here representatives of the Moscow merchants are buried.
And here in Soviet period already nothing was: the belltower was blown up, demolished a chapel, but the set of any offices up to a billiard room was formed. Only in 1994 the Sacred Synod of ROC made the decision on renewal of women`s monastic monastery - the Pokrovsk monastery. And in several years from the Danilovsky cemetery of Moscow transferred remains of a just staritsa of the Matron here.
In the monastery first of all there are several militiamen. All smiling, but strictly speak: “It is impossible to remove, it is forbidden“. People we life accustomed to be not the most law-abiding, but here to break a ban even did not come to mind. It is impossible, so it is impossible. Though in all other monasteries where it happened to visit - it is possible.
And right there you see the unknown number of the people. Not to force the way - thousands and thousands of people, men and women, are a lot of absolutely young. In total - with flowers. These thousands of people spread on two turns: one to an icon on the street, the second - in church to relics. Stand quietly and somehow joyfully, at bad weather on cold and wind, but persons not so gloomy. There is also a sacred source to which specially come with bottles.
As small retreat. Read in the English Wikipedia that lines to Matryona long, for about 4 hours, but people behave unusually well that “it is not characteristic“ of Moscow. Here and it is written. As for the huge turns - an honest truth, but Muscovites were offended again. Gosteval`s
at me that time mummy of three children, one of which the baby. And it had not to stand in any turn - passed at once. Told then that inside it is very good - meet, explain, help. Even for babies there are “conveniences“ - the real cradle. With themselves give petals - probably, from those flowers which bear and bear coming. “at the Matron“ she characterized the atmosphere as lighter, than “at Ksenia“ in St. Petersburg.
This surprising phenomenon in “cynical“ Moscow though is amazing of the 21st century, but is not casual. Here not pilgrims come (though they are for certain). There are from apartments and offices ordinary people, is ordinary, quite modern dressed. Go to ask for help. There is no new ideology - there was a vacuum, there are no achievements and even just necessary - there are problems and troubles.
It seems that the need for the help and protection from where it would not proceed, for people increases. Also go to Matryona not only Muscovites - go from everywhere. And whom ask - all speak about sense of relief. It at least.