Why many people badly feel during a volcanic eruption in Iceland? And how there is caries of teeth?
in the middle of the last century Schuman theoretically defined resonances electro - the magnetic wave extending around Earth in space the earth - an ionosphere, with wavelength to the equal length of a circle of the Globe. Resonant frequencies were calculated by the author as where R E - Earth radius, with - the velocity of light, n = 1, 2, 3...
the First four harmonicas of a shumanovsky resonance are registered in the ranges of 7,8 Hz ± 1,5 Hz, and also 14,5; 20,0 and 26,0 Hz with fluctuation ± 0,3 Hz. Thus from a position of modern views, each biological object is integrated into the biosphere of Earth by means of a parametrical resonance which in biological object, dominates.
Should remind that coincidence of the main frequencies after impact of biophysical fields on water and living tissues is the fundamental fact.
according to many researchers, the mechanism of action of superweak electromagnetic fields is the phenomenon of a parametrical resonance at the cellular and subcellular levels: synchronizes temporary and frequency parameters of the electromagnetic field and oscillatory processes in cellular structures of an organism. Izvesteno`s
that the range of 0,3 - 30 Hz - “biologically effective“ frequencies of magnetic fields, by efficiency of impacts on the person is similar to a magnetic field of Earth. On this basis many researchers believe that “biological effects“ of the mentioned range of frequencies define the resonances of cations regulating speeds of biochemical reactions in somatic cellular structures.
during evolutionary development of the person ability to adaptation of an organism to rhythms of the biosphere improved. At the same time steady rhythms were integrated into metabolic processes of an organism. It is known that change of habitual frequencies of the biosphere, is shown by emergence unusual or disappearance habitual, naturally leads to desynchronization of processes of a metabolism and functional frustration of vegetativy regulyation.
are explained by This circumstance dizadaptatsionny vegetative reactions of people and animals in response to electromagnetic storms. People and animals react vegetative manifestations not so much to spasmodic change of the geomagnetic field, and to its dynamics: emergence or disappearance is cationic - resonant frequencies on the eve of a storm, during its development, or after its end.
of Frequency of the alfvenovsky ionospheric resonator actively influence on the delta - a rhythm of a brain of the person. Existence sinusoidal the delta - a rhythm in a quiet phase of a dream are guarantee of successful restoration of an organism.
Besides, is known that frequency maxima of the alfvenovsky resonator disappear from a range of ionospheric electromagnetic noise not only in the afternoon, but also during maxima of solar activity, during eruptions of volcanoes and earthquakes. It leads to the fact that during these periods of time, except the other, accompanying adverse effects, the person loses so-called, frequency support of a dream. by
In an organism closely bound fluctuations of various types, for example, mechanical and electric. It is known that excitation of oscillations of one type leads to excitement of others. The general regularity of oscillatory processes in a healthy organism is synchronism of the periods. At the same time researchers found coincidence of resonant frequencies of capillaries in blood systems in all mammals.
Continuous dislocation of water in disperse systems of a human body is carried out through capillaries.
Is known that the concept capillaries defines them as the cylindrical and coming to them in a form of gleams tubules. Capillaries consist of the endotelialny cages forming a barrier between blood and extracellular liquid. The narrowest capillaries have diameter of a gleam of 5 - 6 microns, the widest - 20 - 30 microns. The Endotelialny cages forming walls of capillaries - are the filtering membranes through which the metabolism between capillary blood and intercellular liquid is carried out. Degree of permeability of capillary membranes changes and carries out an important role in development of inflammations and hypostases, and also at secretion and a resorption of substances. In a normal physiological state endotelialny cages of capillaries pass molecules of the small sizes, waters, urea, amino acids, salts, but do not pass big proteinaceous molecules. At pathological states permeability of capillary membranes increases, and proteinaceous macromolecules can filter from blood plasma in interfabric liquid, and then there can be hypostases.
At contact of biological liquids with internal surfaces of capillaries the shape of a meniscus arising at the same time decides by the wetting phenomenon, in turn, the causing interaction of molecules of water on surfaces of endotelialny cages of capillaries. Wetting is defined by what water molecules interacts with the moistened surface than between itself stronger.
of Power of cohesion, arising between molecules of endotelialny cages and molecules of water, deploy biological liquids along internal surfaces of capillaries. Dislocation of molecules of water conducts, in turn, to a curvature of a surface of a site of the meniscus adjoining a capillary surface. And the curvature, in turn, creates the negative capillary pressure which in each point of the bent surface of a meniscus counterbalances pressure caused by dislocation of level of biological liquid. Hydrostatic pressure in volume of liquid during dislocation does not change. The curvature of a surface of a meniscus causes the additional capillary pressure of Dp which size is connected with average curvature of r of a surface in biological liquid and is defined according to the equation: Laplace: Dp = p1 - p2. = 2s12/r, where s12 - the size of a superficial tension of biological liquid on border of two environments; p1 and p2 - pressure in liquid 1 and the surface contacting to it.
In capillaries of biological objects arise concave meniscuses of biological liquids (<0) pressure in them is reduced by r in relation to external environment: p1
At full wetting by biological liquids of internal surfaces of capillaries force of a superficial tension can be believed directed perpendicularly to borders of contact of internal surfaces of capillaries with liquid. In these conditions dislocation of liquids along internal surfaces of capillaries will continue until Ft gravity operating on liquid in capillaries and directed down is not made even on the module to force of a superficial tension of Fn, deyst - liquid, vuyushchy along border of contact, with surfaces of capillaries: Ft = Fn, where Ft = mg = ρ h π r2g, Fn = σ l = σ 2 π r, turns out from here, height of raising of liquid in each capillary is inversely proportional to capillary radius: h = 2 σ / ρ gr. Where σ - coefficient of a superficial tension; ρ - liquid density; r - capillary radius; h - height of raising of liquid; g - acceleration of gravity.
Thus, dislocation (water flow) of biological liquids in capillaries vyzvat a difference of the capillary pressure resulting from distinctions of curvature of meniscuses. Dislocation is always directed towards smaller pressure - to a meniscus with a smaller radius of curvature.
Many properties of disperse systems such as permeability, durability, liquid absorption, are considerably caused by the capillary phenomena since in a thin time of these systems which are in membana of cages and enamels of teeth are high indicators of capillary pressure.
Thus as it is possible to see, the physical phenomenon of a positive capillarity is that mechanism, and that force which continuously move water of disperse systems through capillaries. It is possible to see reliability and force of this phenomenon at the plants punching asphalt in delivery of “vivifying juice“ from root depths to tops of crowns. In the way, known since ancient times, splitting granitno - basalt breeds by means of clogging of wooden wedges in crevices with the subsequent watering by their water.
Unfortunately, the mechanism realizing the phenomenon of a positive capillarity sometimes gives failures which a priori are connected with increase in viscosity, and a superficial tension of water disperse systems, changes of acceleration of gravity.
of Change such are the pathogenetic mechanisms breaking microcirculation and zhizneobes - baking of somatic cellular structures.
Continuous delivery by water solutions of disperse systems through membranes of cellular structures and removal of products of a metabolism is an indispensable condition normalny activity. The mechanism of delivery of solutions of nutrients in a somaticha - sky cellular structures is carried out various variantams: by means of diffusion, systems of passive and active transport, way ekzo - and endomitoses.
at the same time, processes crumpled and a catabolism are carried out through the histologic triad including blood and lymphatic vessels, capillaries, extracellular matriks and cellular structures in the conditions of continuous dislocation of biological liquids in capillaries.
In these conditions extracellular matriks represents a peculiar molecular lattice - the store between capillaries and cages. Thereof, in a matriksa peripheral receptors of all regulatory systems of an organism are located. In matriks through system of capillaries are constantly delivered water solution of nutrients metabolism products are removed and collect. The analysis of movement of biological liquids in high-organized biological objects showed that the place of summation of all information signals is interfabric liquid. Necessary substances come to it on humoral communications, in it the neuromodulator addressed in a concrete zone operating reaction kletkok - targets is allocated, promoting either penetration of substances, or removal from cellular structures of products of a metabolism.
- 10 14 the somatic cellular structures which are in disperse systems of a human body provides Activity of each of 10 13 continuous dislocation of biological liquids in capillaries. Total length of capillaries of the adult makes about 100000 km. And the total - approaches 40 billion, the area of surfaces reaches 14000 microns 2 , - exchange surfaces - 1000 m 2 . At the same time the area of an effective exchange surface per 100 g of fabric makes about 1,5 m 2 . The quantity of the capillaries falling on 1 mm3 of tissue of myocardium a liver and kidneys makes 2500 - 3000 units, in connecting fabric them 200 - 500, in bone - 200 units.
of the Tube of a dentine of teeth, represent ideal capillaries with a diameter from 0,1 to 3 - 5 mk, and up to several thousand microns long are filled with water solution of the liquid called dentinny. Dentinny liquid on structure is similar intercellular, it is updated ten times within a day due to receipts from a pulp. Its quantity corresponds to 0,01 ml on 1 gram of tissue of tooth. The tubule of a dentine connects each cage odontob - flippers interfaced to the free nervous termination and, forming a difficult receptor of pain, with topographical remote by loci of enamel and a dentine. Dentinny liquid owing to the positive capillarity called by tooth pump - the tooth pump, permanently moves through dentine tubes in the centrifugal direction with a constant speed of 2 - 3 mm / page. Filters between enamel prisms on a surface in the form of krevikulyarny liquid.
the Speed of dislocation diffusion of water solutions from a matriks through membranes of cages is constant and makes 10 - 3 cm a second. Such speed provides normal physiological vital signs, power, processes meta - and a catabolism in somatic cages. Besides, osmotic continuous dislocation diffusion of water solutions through membranes generates in cages the electric potential which is used for synthesis adenosine - (ATP) and guanozintr - phosphate (GTF).