Ibn Xing. Who is he, this unique person?
Over one thousand years ago (about 980 - 1037) in Bukhara there lived an ingenious person by the name of Abu Ali Hussein ibn Abdallakh of ibn Xing. Unusually long name. And, of course, its latinizirovanny pronunciation - Avicenna is more familiar.
Who is he, Ibn Xing? Doctors say that he is a great doctor. Mathematicians consider him as the famous astronomer and the mathematician. Writers add that Ibn Xing besides the poet and the writer. And there is more to come. Musicians consider him as the theorist of music, philosophers - the great thinker. And all of them are right.
Avicenna is the Iranian by origin. Its biography which reached up to now is written by him. It includes the first 30 years of life. Then his pupil continued to describe a course of life of Avicenna - it is scarlet - Dzhuzdzhani. The boy received the first skills of education from the father - the official belonging to Islamists. Abilities of the child were uncommon, thirst to knowledge is boundless. By 10 years he by heart knew the Koran and mastered verbal disciplines (grammar, poetics, literature, history).
Avicenna worked almost in all areas of knowledge. He not only in perfection knew the theory, but also successfully put the knowledge into practice. At the age of 17 years of Ibn Xing as the doctor used such glory that it was invited to the yard of Nukh ibn Mansour which long hurt, and court doctors could help nothing to it. Ibn Xing cured the governor. And in gratitude it was allowed to it to use palace library, the best and the richest in all Middle East. It managed to expand the knowledge incredibly.
But why through 100 with small years after Ibn Cynna`s death by order of religious fanatics burn its philosophical books? And through several hundreds of years, in 1593 in Europe print (right after the Bible) four huge volumes of “A canon of medical science“.
Working in the field of psychology, being a materialist, he for the first time tried to connect activity of separate parts of a brain. Except other sciences, Avicenna was interested also in botany because the doctor needs to understand the plants having curative properties. Karl Linney, considering Ibn Cynna`s merits in this field of science, called by his name an evergreen tropical plant of Avitsenniya.
We know about many books of Avicenna only by hearsay. Avicenna the first, six centuries prior to Descartes, wrote down in “Isharat“: “I think, and it means that I exist“. This cult of reason which in fact is opposed to omnipotence of Islam was manifestation of a progressive tendency in difficult outlook of Ibn Cynna. The scientist considered that the world on the essence is material and eternal. He recognized afterlife only in purely spiritual sense.
It was thrown into a dungeon more than once and threatened with the executioner`s sword. He disappeared, wandered about the desert, sat in an imprisonment, participated in campaigns, was engaged in public affairs, again disappeared, but always worked, wrote.
It is necessary to recognize that Ibn Cynna`s accusers managed to understand also its allegories, and its contradictions. Avicenna believed in Allah and could not but believe in the century in him. But it turned Allah into such devastated substance which exists, but does not work as the immemorial world lives under the laws.
“I cannot live hour, - Avicenna said, - without having learned a little new. I have to learn constantly new about the world, otherwise I cannot just live“. He hurried to live, remembering caducity of life:
It is bad when
you begin to regret for deeds. Before you, lonely, are tired of the world,
Do that serious work today what to execute in forces.
Because is possible that tomorrow you will not get up any more.
B 1023 the scientist moved to Isfahan where he created the encyclopedia on Persian - “The book of knowledge“. Who is he is an eternal wanderer, the minister, the vizier, the prisoner in an imprisonment? The answer was known only by him. Or did not know.
Intense work and wanderings cracked Ibn Cynna`s organism. He died of colitis in July, 1037.
In honor of 1000 - the anniversary from the date of its birth (according to a lunar calendar) the staff of Institute of oriental studies started the translations of its works from Arab on Russian and Uzbek. This grandiose work was finished by the publication in 1956 - 1960 of the full text of “Canon“ in both languages.