How to affect musical abilities of the child till his birth?
of Many future parents the thought of how during pregnancy of mother to influence the level and nature of musical endowments of the child concerns.
Ask questions of it musical teachers after emergence of the next publication on this subject in the general press more often. Those who perceive such publications noncritically are encouraged and want to receive unambiguous recommendations as as they should undertake during pregnancy. Others who perceive newspaper articles on these subjects as a pseudo-scientific funny thing share the doubts, and even seek to mock at credulous. How to answer that and another?
Yes, scientific experiments in this sphere were not put. But life for centuries experimented, and we can estimate and consider results of its spontaneous experiments. In memoirs and biographies of celebrated personalities it is worth paying attention to what is known of a way of life of their mothers during pregnancy and how it corresponds to the subsequent manifestations of musical abilities? As a rule, we find the following in biographies: at musically gifted people mother till their birth actively played music or was in a situation of live playing music.
During the period preceding appearance of the child on light for its musical future has indisputable value an acoustic component of a way of life of mother. Formation of the hearing aid and nervous system of the ripening fruit happens taking into account sound parameters of environment. For example, if during pregnancy the woman long is in noisy shop, the probability to give birth to the child hard of hearing (a consequence of protective reaction of the formed organism to the increased loudness of a sound background) increases.
The same effect can be provoked also by long pastime of future mother in discos where love deafening soundings and abuse the power of loudspeakers. On the contrary, wishing to create ability to distinguished acoustical reactions at future child, it is necessary to take care not only about that, as if to protect the ripening fruit from a roar and all sound overloads, but also about prevalence in the sound environment of the musical compositions rich surrounding it in the timbre and sound high-rise relation.
Force of this factor is known according to many biographies of gifted musicians. The most impressive example - background of the birth of the ingenious composer A. N. Scriabin (1872 - 1915). His mother was the giving concerts pianist and almost before the childbirth did not stop the performances (so, and house rehearsal work which demands daily hours-long playing a grand piano). Where all this time there was Scriabin? About the sounding grand piano. Subsequently at it not just musical bents, but special sensitivity and addiction to a piano timbre as certain elements, native for it, a special subtlety of hearing and keenness of the fingers able to take a touch to the keyboard from the instrument of sounding of unprecedented nuances came to light and developed...
Piano compositions more often than any other, could bring it to an ecstatic state. It is natural that Scriabin became famous as the composer first of all piano, contemporaries appreciated in him the phenomenal pianist - the performer (that, unfortunately, remains for us only area of legends as the sound recording of the beginning of the XX century could not record all qualities of sounding yet).
“ In its game , - L. Ya. Nelidova - Fiveyskaya remembers, - was the inexplicable charm peculiar only to it, to its charming manner to elicit special conjuring fascinating sounds. It, as if caressing, slightly concerned keys, but from - under his magic fingers sparks and lightnings sparkled... The sounds elicited by his lungs as wings of a butterfly, fingers, seemed some unearthly, astral “. Apparently, features of talent of Scriabin directly depended on special conditions in the first months of formation of its nervous and hearing aid.
But Scriabin`s case - only one of a long line of the known facts. The resistant long-term tradition of house playing music in noble families of Russia provided steadily high level of musical and general development of representatives of this estate, emergence in it global professional musicians. Almost all considerable Russian composers of the 19th century (from M. Glinka to S. Rachmaninov) are natives of this environment. In nobility of Russia in a set musical dynasties were formed. Certainly, not all children born in families where parents played music became hereditary professional musicians. Such units. But the others became hereditary cultural people.
Musical literacy and house playing music were in cultural circles so habitual, self-evident condition of life that did not even attach it special significance. For example, the composer Nikolay Myaskovsky who was a son of the military engineer wrote to autobiographies that he of dews “in conditions and Wednesday, it is far, in effect, alien to art“, and does not remember from times of the early childhood “musical impressions, except a zalezaniye under a grand piano when on it played …“.
So, first advice to parents : as soon as possible to take care of the organization of the special acoustic mode during pregnancy of mother. The preference should be given to “live“ sounding of music. Future mother will do right thing if she speeds up visit of philharmonic concerts and opera performances. To a lesser extent reproduction of music by means of electrical accessories as in this case the incomplete range of frequencies influences approaches. Equipment, even the most qualitative and expensive, for the present does not give those parameters of sounding which would coincide with parameters of a “live“ sound. As it is not necessary to raise children artificially synthesized food, in the same way it is necessary to avoid also the synthesized sounds: it is impossible to be charged that replacement of natural sounding of acoustic tools with electronic analogs will be physiologically accepted for a children`s organism.
An ideal case - when future mother independently plays music (sings, plays a musical instrument, participates in chorus, ensemble, an orchestra). However at the same time it is necessary to avoid game on badly adjusted (false sounding) and technically faulty tools on which game is followed by foreign additional sounds (jingle, a scratch etc.) . Some precautions are demanded by playing music on such tools as a violoncello, guitar, domra, balalaika, bandura, harp as their resonators (sound boards) are in close proximity to a fruit. Sound intensity has to be very moderate in these cases not to subject a fruit to sound overloads.
There is a wise saying which different sources is attributed to the Hungarian composer Zoltan by Kodaly, to the Moscow pianist Heinrich Neygauz, still to someone from the famous teachers: musical training of the child begins in nine months prior to the birth of his mother. The statement paradoxical at first sight is based on the established vital facts. And if at all times musically exceptional children more likely were born in families of musicians, then, apparently, not only biological heredity played a role (the susceptibility to music is genetically put in each person) here, but acoustic situation during pre-natal formation of a fruit. And it, unlike genes, entirely in our power.
Normal musical abilities are shown by all healthy children, irrespective of acoustic conditions of pre-natal development. And here uncommon, phenomenal abilities more likely arise when pre-natal life of a fruit passed in a situation of live playing music. A conclusion is clear for those who dream to give rise musically - the talented child and long ago is formulated in the Russian proverb “God helps those who help themselves!“.