Rus Articles Journal

Whether it is possible to measure a stress? A comparative scale of stresses

It is known that between a stress and developing of diseases there is so close connection that on force of the stress transferred the person it is possible to predict deterioration in health.

Doctor Thomas X. Holmes and his colleagues from Medical college at the Washington university developed the approach which allowed to measure objectively stress size. The scale known as Holmes`s scale - Rae, on points estimates the event capable to cause a stress. The total of points of all stresses of situations in human life determines the total value of a stress to which the person is exposed for a certain period of time in scales.

A comparative scale of stresses on separate events according to Holmes - Rae .

the Event the Number of points - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Death of the wife or husband of 100

Divorce of 73

Parting of partners in marriage of 65

Imprisonment of 63

Death of the close relative of 63

Own illness or accident of 53

the Marriage of 50

Dismissal from work of 47

Reconciliation with the husband / wife of 45

Retirement of 45

Deterioration in health of the member of the family of 44

Pregnancy of 40

Sexual difficulties of 39

Addition of family 39

of Change on work of 39

Change of a financial position of 38

Death of the close friend of 37

Change of the sphere of working activity of 36

Increase in number of house quarrels of 36

the Loan or the credit for the sum of more than 10 000 dollars of 31

Loss Change of obligations for work of 29

the Beginning of independent life of the son or daughter of 29

the Conflict with relatives of the husband / wife of 29

Outstanding personal achievements of 28

of Spouses (a) begins the rights of redemption of the mortgage of 30

or the Beginning or the end of study 26

Change of living conditions of 25

Revision of personal habits of 24

of Trouble ceases to work with the administration of 23

Change of conditions as 26

or operating time of 20

Change of the residence of 20

Change of the educational institution 20

Change of Habits to spend free time of 19

Change of the activity connected with church 19

of Change in public work of 18

Receiving the credit for the sum less than 10 000 dollars of 17

Change of a dream of 16

Change of frequency of all-family collecting 15

Change in a diet of 15

Holiday of 13

Christmas of 12

Small violations of the law 11

during researches of 49% from those who gained more than 300 points within a year, ached, and from those who gained less than 200 points, ached with only 9%. Within the next 12 months it was revealed that all who by the number of points took the first third of places got sick for 50% more often than being in the last third of the list. And here 51% of the examinees who gained more than 300 points during research did not get sick at all!

It is clear, that not all equally react to stresses. The size of a stress and its negative impact depends on the features of the specific person and circumstances connected with a stress. At calculation of points it is important to consider force of influence of this or that stress individually, meaning a set of factors, such as personal, age, sexual and other features.

For example, for someone loss of work is equivalent losses of meaning of life, for someone is one of opportunities of implementation of the old plans in a new profession or a position, someone perceives retirement as the tragedy, it brings someone long-awaited freedom from a routine or hard work. And some do not represent the life without stresses at all: they stimulate them.

And still it is worth pricking up the ears if the quantity of heavy stresses for the short period “reads off scale“. To secure itself, in such cases it is important to ask for the psychological and medical help in time.