Demographic statistics of Russia
in recent years the word “demography“ became popular - especially in Russia. It also is clear, population falls, on a negative natural increase Russia - in the top ten of the world, mortality, still, high. In anticipation of population census of 2010 will tell much about demographic problems. I suggest to be trained for conversation and to look at statistics of the previous population census (2002) .
DEMOGRAPHY (Demography) - “narodoopisaniye“, from the Greek words demos - the people and grapho - I write) is a science about the population. More precisely, about the reproduction of the population and factors influencing this process.
the Term “demography“ appeared in 1855 in the name of the book of the French scientist A. Giyyar “Elements of statistics of the person, or Comparative demography“.
of Population census in Russia began to carry out since the 13th century. The reason is clear - in the period of Mongol - the Tatar yoke from Russian lands the tribute therefore data on population were connected with economic interests gathered. However, demographic indicators are always interesting to economy.
the First general population census of Russia was carried out in 1887. Further censuses in 1920, 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2002 were carried out. Everyone can define how many time you was counted. Now we on a threshold of the next population census. According to the government resolution, it has to be carried out in October, 2010.
Demographic indicators of Russia (on census of 2002)
taught Many years the world economy and economy. Developed the electronic abstract of lectures for lectures. Here I publish the digest with short comments.
Population of Russia
of the Loudspeaker:
of 1800 - 48 million h
1900 - 130 million h
2000 - 147 million h
2002 - 145 million h
Population of Russia makes 2,5% of world population, on this indicator in 2000 Russia took 8 place / China, India, the USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh /
I Think, the actual number of Russia now - about 142 million people.
In comparison with census of 2002 population decreased by 3 million people.
Reproduction of the population - continuous renewal of number and structure of the population in the course of alternation of generations of people (through the births and death of people).
the Major indicators in reproduction of the population - birth rate and mortality. As a rule, they are defined in per mille (how many is born and dies on 1000 living).
birth rate - 8,6 ‰, mortality - 13,8 ‰, a natural increase - (-5,2 ‰).
Moscow (2005): birth rate - 8,8 ‰, mortality of-13,6%. Natural losses - 32900 (for 2005 in Moscow 84500 people were born, 117400 died).
Since 1992 in Russia depopulation - natural losses of the population, i.e. a negative natural increase is observed.
of the Loudspeaker of a natural increase of the population by years:
of 1960 - 16 ‰, 1970 - 6 ‰, 1980 - 5 ‰, 1990 - 2 ‰, 2000 - (-6 ‰)
Decline in population:
of 1992 - 220 thousand h, 1993 - 750 thousand h, 1995 - 785 thousand h, 1997 - 800 thousand h, 2002 - 725 thousand h.
At most a natural increase is observed in Dagestan - +14 ‰
Minimum in the Pskov Region. - (-12 ‰)
Gender and age structure of the population
In Russia men make 46,9%, women - 53,1%
of Children are at us - 21,9% of the total number of the population, adult - 57,3%, pensioners - 20,7%
Population of Russia at working-age (men of 16 - 59 years, women of 16 - 54 years) made 89,0 million people (or 61%),
As well as aging of the population is characteristic of the majority of the European countries for Russia.
In comparison with census of 1989 average age of residents of the country increased for 3 years and made 37,7 years, men - 35,2 years, women - 40,0 years (according to population census of 1989 average age of the population made - 34,7 years, men - 31,9 years, women - 37,2 years).
Prevalence of number of women over the number of men is noted since 33 - summer age.
of 1985 - 69 years/m - 64, - 74/2002 - 65/m - 58, - 72 /
Family structure of the population
the Average size of a family in Russia - 3 persons
of 88% of the population live in families
1/3 of families have a Quarter of families on 2 persons
have 4 persons
A year 1,3 million marriages consist in Russia; 0,6 million - stains.
about 190 people live In Russia, 20 people have the number more than 0,5 million h
It: the Russian - 120 million people - 2/3, Tatars - 5 million - 4%, Ukrainians - 4 million - 3%, Chuvashs - 1,2%, Bashkirs - 0,9%, Belarusians - 0. 8%, a mordva - 0,7%
Chechens - 0,6%, Germans - 0,6%
Motley national structure the Volga region, the Caucasus, Altai, Khakassia, Buryatia, Yakutia, the North
have Language families to which the people of Russia belong:
1. Indo-European - 89%, 2. Altai - 6,8%, 3. Caucasian - 2,4%
4. Ural - 1,8%
of 86% of the population of Russia - Orthodox Christians.
concern To Orthodox Christians the most part of the believer of the population of the following people: Russians, Karelians, the Komi, Udmurts, Maris, a mordva, Chuvashs, Ossetians
of the Khanty, Mansi, Yakuts
To Islam: Tatars, Bashkirs, Adyghes, Kabardians, Ingushs, Chechens, Avars, Dargins, Lezgians, Laks
To the Buddhism: Buryats, Kalmyks, Tuvinians
Density of accommodation of the population
Population density in Russia - 8,7 people on sq.km, in the European territory of Russia - 29 people on sq.km (population density cf. the world - 40 h on sq.km).
Population density in the Moscow Region - 354 people on sq.km, density in Moscow - 9000 people on sq.km
Urban and country people
Urban population of Russia makes 73% (in 1914 - 15%. Imperial Russia was mainly country)
the City in Russia is called the settlement with the population more than 12 thousand h which most part of a manpower works in the industry.
(in Denmark, Sweden, Finland - the city -. 100 h, France -. 2500, India -. 5000, Switzerland -. 10000, Japan -. 30000 people)
In Russia, as well as in the majority of the developed countries of the world, process of an urbanization stopped (the ratio city and villagers remained at the level of census of 1989)
Almost fifth part of the population of the country lives in 13 cities -“ million plus cities“:
Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Volgograd, Perm.
made the Number of the largest agglomerations of Russia: Moscow - 13,4 million people, St. Petersburg - 4,7 million people.
the Capital of the Russian Federation on the number of inhabitants is among twenty largest cities of the world.
approaches 1 million people the population of Voronezh, Saratov, Krasnoyarsk
the Largest agglomerations of Russia: Moscow, Leningrad, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Novosibirsk
(agglomeration - the large city and satellite towns connected scientifically - production communications). there is no
of Megalopolises in Russia. What is told in mass media is not true since the megalopolis is accrete agglomerations.
the Largest megalopolis of the world - BOSVASh (Boston - Washington, the population - 48 million people) stretched on 700 km
From one thousand people at the age of 15 years and more than 902 persons in Russia have education (the basic the general above) - in 1989 - 806 people. The number of people with education in general made 109,4 million people and increased for the intercensus period by 20%.
By one and a half times increased the number of persons with the higher and secondary professional education.
Other demographic statistics
the Forecast of number for 2014 - 138 million people.
the Population of Moscow - 10. 4 million h (254 Muscovites - are more senior than 100 years, 1/3 - pensioners).
In Russia - 8000 children commit suicide.
the Forecast for 2015 - 20 million disabled people
20% of newborn children are sick at the birth, each next generation has smaller health.
of 70% of adults need mental health services - stresses.
Now in Russia 60% - old men and children.
From 20% of the adult man`s population / 29 million people / - 5 million - the unemployed, 4 million - under the gun / the Ministry of Internal Affairs, army, protection etc./, 1 million - alcoholics, 1 million - addicts / live no more than 4 - 5 years/.
On an index of human development in classification of the UN (includes GDP / 1 people a year, life expectancy, literacy level, ecology): Russia - 51 places in the world, 1985 - 24 place / the best result for Russia/.
For the first time at population census of 2002 the number of citizens of the Russian Federation which made nearly 142,5 million people (or 98% of the population) where 1,0 million people indicated that they have nationality of other states and 0,4 million people - persons without citizenship is received.
From the total number of citizens of the Russian Federation about 40 thousand people have a dual citizenship. About 1,3 million people did not specify the nationality.
17 thousand villages disappeared from the Russian Federation card over the last 10 years