Beet. What does she deliver to our table?
the Beet family which successfully populated Europe and Russia is numerous. Not all her representatives chose as a habitat of the field and kitchen gardens. The majority appreciates will. Modern botanists contain 11 wild types of beet, and only 2 cultural.
Free relatives of a garden root crop were settled across the Mediterranean and Central Asia, located in the Crimea and Transcaucasia, not bad settled on the Balkans and in France, are noticed in Great Britain and Scandinavia.
Let it pass, with a free folk. Let`s talk about our friends, our wet nurses, beet of sheet and ordinary rhizocarpous. Nomadic life, by the way, for the last was not in vain, and today scientists divide two of its subspecies - European and Asian.
The mangold , or sheet beet, is not so widely known in our corner of the world as the rhizocarpous relative. A product of prime necessity today mangold “fruits“ - leaves - do not consider. But look at a mangold with silvery leaves. What dandy, though in a flower bed grow up! And it not its only advantage.
Among grades of a mangold distinguish two versions, petiolar and sheet . Large and bubbly leaves of petiolar grades fasten to wide scapes of silvery, is red - lilac or green color. The sheet mangold chose other specialization and offers us long, up to 40 centimeters, smooth or wavy leaves with narrow scapes.
Between relatives attachment therefore also the competition almost any is strong. If large young leaves of a mangold sheet are ready to a table at the beginning of summer, then petiolar grades do not hurry, and to the middle of August wait until we are sated with gifts of more bright brother.
Both leaves, and scapes are gentle, tasty and useful. The amicable family knows what to offer. Both there, and there it is full of vitamins, micro - and macrocells. The mangold is eaten in salads, borsches, vegetable stews, in the crude, boiled or fried look. Not to express taste in words, try. In more detail about a mangold it is possible to read in Irina Lukyanchik`s article.
The main dignity of the most famous sister - of beet of the dining room - she hides in the earth for the time being. The root crop is powerful, sometimes, almost to kilogram, the two-year plant forms it at once, in the first year of life, without shelving. Hurries, cares for us.
In darkly - red, claret or it is red - a violet fruit so many poleznost that in the ancient time even attributed it mythical advantages, for example, in legends of the Balkan people is claimed that the use of beet in food will rescue from plague.
Plague - not plague, but beet really helps to struggle with many illnesses, without being limited to positions of valuable food culture. Root crops contain vitamins, sucrose, cellulose, organic acids and it is a lot more - a lot of things.
In this century when people die generally not of plague, and from warmly - vascular diseases, beet is ready to arrange mass delivery to our table of the pectins lowering the level of glucose and cholesterol in blood, and normalizing digestion work. The betaine facilitates work of a liver, prevents its fatty regeneration. Potassium regulates vodno - a salt exchange, iron and cobalt help at an anemia.
A lot of things useful beet can, but perceive it as panacea and is in kilograms - is not necessary. Nutritionists claim that optimum norm - 150 grams a day. At the same time consider that nitrogen in a root crop collects unevenly. Most of all “terrible“ nitrates in “vershoks and backs“, in the top and lower part of a root crop. The divergence with core can be by 8 - 9 times.