What the sword in Ancient Russia mattered?
the Most ancient information about the Slavs living then in the territory of Eastern Europe belong to the first centuries of our era. As well as all “ barbarous “ the people, besides living under continuous threat of attack Slavs were very good soldiers. Any man equally perfectly owned any weapon, whether it be onions, a pole-axe, a spear, the axe or berdysh, but all - the preference was given to the most popular then type of a cold weapon - I mark.
The sword is a typical weapon of the Russian soldiers, a symbol of the soldier and the power. The Slavic blade was wide, a little narrowed to an edge, furrowed, with wavy strips on metal and was decorated with various drawings, usually - images of animals or various symbols - kolovrat, posolon, an ingliya, svyatodar. The sword surely was heavy, people since the childhood got used to weight of the weapon and, naturally, the blow such sword moreover the strengthened powerful hand was extremely strong. The special attention was paid to the handle - it was the real work of art - by means of special technologies various patterns were applied on metal, at the most expensive swords jewels were inserted into a handle. Usually in Slavic blades the small flute " in the middle became; dale “ - a trench for a blood drain though there is a version that it became for simplification of a sword and increase in its maneuverability.
Swords were highly esteemed in Russia, were expensive and very qualitative subject of war. Therefore only combatants or the Grand duke had the right for their continuous carrying. Naturally, also other military people of Russia had swords. But in a peace time to hang up on a belt the weapon meant to show disrespect for it or mistrust for other people, each man was not only the soldier, but also the farmer, and “ the military weapon - it against enemies serves, but not to flaunt from scratch “. From here also the Old Slavic tradition was formed to bare a sword only for protection of the Fatherland or the proof of the truth.
Often, the sword was considered as the only source of existence, it was always descended in families. The father took a naked blade, put it before the newborn child and spoke: “ I will not leave in inheritance to you any property, you will have what you will get this sword “.
When the arguing Slavs could not reach full agreement, the Prince spoke to them: “ You Have legal proceedings a sword “. And then soldiers arranged tournament which result strictly defined decision-making - honor of military art was so big. Slavs swore an oath on a sword and a board and at the conclusion of contracts used the same objects.
Curiously and the fact that in Russian since the most ancient times there was a set of the verbal turns connected with this word. “ To Come a sword “ meant to win the city or the district, and “ To Raise a sword against “ meant to begin war. And to whom the well-known phrase of Alexander Nevsky - " is not familiar; Who to us with a sword will come, from a sword and will die “? And in national folklore the blade takes not the last place. It is enough to remember “ The Sword - kladenets “ which had exclusive force and was given not everyone in hands.
However by the beginning of XIII some essential distinctions in production of the weapon appeared. So, for example, sharply differed on the weight and a form the swords made in the west of and in the south of Russia. Every century these distinctions increased more and more, and the uniform standard finally came only in the 19th century.
Up to today`s times of a product of our armorers are famous around the world. The cold weapon of the Russian masters is not just a piece of iron, and the work of art - beauty and power, elegance and firmness - all character of the Russian person can be presented in cold attractiveness of a Slavic sword...