What can manage to be made while the inch candle burns?
on March 11, 1679, 330 years ago, London reigned in the capital of England extraordinary revival. Since morning to one of the buildings located near port began to take down some bales, barrels, and it became though not under the screen of night, but c a fair raid of mystery. As soon as the most part of bales was brought, on the city right there set a rumor afloat that in several hours the first auction selling one of overseas products will take place.
Three barrels of tea powder
Actually to dare buy a wonder only quite wealthy people could, in those days tea cost hardly not so much as today pressed caviar. But all the same more curious gathered in the hall, than buyers, all wanted to look at that lucky who will lay out, without stinting, quite decent sum for “ three barrels of the tea powder “ - quite so the first lot was called.
I will remind that there was the 17th century. But Europeans only opened useful properties of tea. Then very few people knew that history of this drink contains, at least, 45 centuries. For the first time tea leaves began to make in China during religious rituals during Shen Nong`s era (the 28th century BC) . And further throughout nearly 20 centuries priests strictly kept secret of the “ medicines “. But six more centuries were required in order that tea leaves began to use as drink at the daily use in food. And only in the 7th century of our era tea gradually began to spread widely at first across all China, and then already and to other countries, mainly those which inhabitants professed the Buddhism. As usual, it was right there declared that the first Buddha estimated useful properties of tea.
Is bitter - the first began to shout not at a wedding. And in monasteries...
Why tea so slowly won popularity? The solution is simple - in those days there was no speech about that somehow to sweeten it (though the real gourmets still prefer to add nothing to a cup with tea, keeping its natural taste). And on taste it was, naturally, bitter. In 1115 BC. Zhou Gong reported in the treatise “ Description of trees “ that there is Ceng or Gu`s certain tree - that is to a tkh of a chkh - “ bitter " tea;. And a bit later other treatise told about useful property of drink from tea leaves: “ Tea to taste bitter. When the person drinks it - thinks better, there is a wish to sleep to it less, the body gains ease and sight clears up “.
However, blossoming of consumption of tea in China was crumpled by Genghis Khan`s hordes. Understanding that this drink is cult for Chinese, uniting the nation, the khan first of all gave the order to cut down all tea-plants in the subdued China. The joke to tell, in those days pursued for cultivation of a tea-plant of people even more cruelly, than today for “ plantation “ hemp or opium poppy. Nothing surprising that tea was driven into an underground, and its price is considerable increased.
So far burns a candle
But we will return to London. On March 11, 1679 laid the foundation to so-called London tea auction. On it the rule of trade " was for the first time introduced; on a candle “. Especially for auction wax candles of one inch (about 2,54 cm) were made. It was possible to rely only for that time, “ so far the candle " burns;. Usually this time was enough in order that, on the one hand, “ to disperse “ the starting price, with another - not to allow its transcendental indicators.
The second London tea auction took place several months later, and was dated for delivery of a new large party of it “ powder “ from OST - India. And only since 1709 (Russians remember it as year of a victory of Peter I in the Poltava battle against Karl XII) auctions in England began to be carried out to strictly allowed time, at least, than quarterly. Such tradition existed very long. It is enough to tell that the last tea auction in London was carried out on June 29, 1998, that is a little more than 10 years ago.
imposed to the Ambassador four poods of tea
By the way, in Russia tea appeared only in 30 years prior to carrying out the first London tea auction. In 1638 the ambassador Vasily Starkov brought to the tsar as a gift four poods of tea from one of the Mongolian khans. Considering the Russian mentality (everything that not our made in, almost a role model), it is easy to understand why tea drink at court took roots. And let first from eyes tears not less bitter flew, than drink, but tea drinking was an indicator of the social importance in those days.
And further, later half a century, other Russian tsar who was called still the reformer entered into use samovars in each tavern. Calculation was simple: so far the man in a tavern drinks vodka, his wife - tea. In a prize there are both.
Kalmyk or Mongolian?
Personally to me in the childhood very much liked to drink " tea; on - Mongolian “. However, then in Kuban in our Soviet use it was called “ Kalmyk “ tea. I do so: in a saucepan you struzhit a tile of special tea, long you cook it, and then you add butter and milk to taste. Tea turns out very nutritious and nourishing.
Today I more and more seldom “ gurmanyu “ in the similar way. Though, I repent, a tile “ Kalmyk “ tea at me always is so occasionally I can always treat with it “ excess “. the Foreman of candles does not recognize
Needs to add that when in London coffee auctions began to be carried out, the rule " acted on them too; so far the candle " burns;. Coffee candles differed in nothing from tea. Then this principle gradually removed also to the United States of America where in such a way sold both coffee, and sugar.
And in Russia, as always, went some other way. Instead of an inch candle began to use a match. Still dins a voice of the foreman of a company in the ears: “ The Soldier has to manage to undress and put on in forty five seconds while the match burns! “.