Who goes? Nowruz - spring New year!
the Holiday of Spring Nowruz are noted annually on March 21 by Muslims of many countries - Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Afghanistan, Tatarstan, and also Central and Central Asia. For the vernal equinox because according to an ancient solar calendar this day means the beginning of spring and new year.
Holiday history is not connected with Islam. Nowruz arose much earlier (the first written mention of it is dated 505 BC, and Islam arose at the beginning of the VII Art. AD) also symbolized a worship of the person for forces of nature. There are different versions about Nowruz origin, but most often it is connected with Zoroastrianism - religion of the ancient people of Iran, Azerbaijan, Central Asia what attributes of a holiday testify to.
So, the custom remained up to now to display ritual fires, to light torches and candles (Zoroastrians were fire worshippers and considered fire as vital force), to paint eggs (that symbolized origin of life), to couch grains of wheat or barley and to put them on a holiday table together with various sweets. Nowruz incorporated also some pagan traditions, in particular, guessing. And, of course, as well as any other holiday, it cannot be presented without music, songs, dances, festivities, games, competitions and fireworks.
The joyful holiday Nowruz is celebrated by several days in a row (before its celebration 13 days lasted). And preparation for it begins more than in a month. Each of four holiday weeks (more precisely, every Wednesday) is devoted to one of four elements - to the earth, water, fire and air (wind).
The first Wednesday is Day of Water. it Falls on the last week of February. Then snow on slopes begin to thaw, thawed snow flow down to lowlands, hurry to the rivers. Water bears life. This day with sunrise people followed water to the river or a source, washed, sprinkled each other. Water on which the ray of sunlight slipped according to an ancient belief, is considered updated and sacred, and desires of the one who in it will bathe have to be carried out. It very much reminds bathing for the Epiphany.
The second Wednesday - Day of Fire . Fire gives to the earth warmly, kindles the ice cover which held down it. This evening houses light candles. Them has to be so much how many members in a family, and on the street kindle a fire.
The third Wednesday is devoted to to Earth - Earth - mothers, Earth - the wet nurse. The nature begins to come to life - through the earth the first gentle blades make the way. This day presoak wheat grains for future holiday table, sentencing: “ Protect me, a century I will raise you! “ The Sprouted wheat is a symbol of welfare, sacred bread.
The fourth and last Wednesday - Day of Wind , Vetrovey... The soft spring breeze caresses the earth, kolysht bushes, awakens trees from a winter dream, opens kidneys. This day was considered as the most important among all four, numerous ceremonies and rituals, in particular various fortune-telling were devoted to it. Guessing aurally when guys and girls approached to the doors of neighbors was interesting and eavesdropped on their conversations, and from heard tried to guess - whether their desire will come true, or not.
By the way, in the last festive environment it was forbidden to quarrel or swear - the one who left to tell fortunes, could hear these words, and it is easy to present what negative, and sometimes and fatal contents they could get. Fortunately, and up to now this custom remained: any quarrels, disputes and furthermore the curse or damnations are inadmissible in days of Nowruz. Offenses it is necessary to forget and forgive.
And last Wednesday evening on the street kindle fires - a clarification symbol. On a belief, everyone has to jump through a fire (as well as we, Slavs, on Ivan Kupala), saying at the same time: “ All my troubles to you, and your pleasure - me “. It is impossible to fill in with water fire: only after it will go out, guys and girls have to collect ashes and pour out it as it is possible further from the house. It means that all disorders of those who jumped through a fire left will not return any more.
In the last night before Nowruz all family members splash at each other water to wash away troubles of old year. This holiday is got to note houses. The whole night light has to burn - the died-away fire foretells misfortune. On a table - a festive tray (honch), in the middle of it - a plateau with the sprouted wheat, candles - on one on each family member, brightly painted eggs (by the way, they very much remind Easter eggs), sweets.
By tradition, on a holiday table there have to be seven foods which names begin on the letter “ with “ for example: semelek (a dish from wheat escapes), sebz (parsley greens), sujuk (the stiffened treacle with a nut stuffing). Also put a pocket mirror on a table, and on it put colored egg. It symbolizes the termination of old year and approach of new: egg will shake - there will come new year. All welcome each other, wish health and longevity, a cosiness and family happiness.
It is Nowruz the Bayram - one of the most beautiful and most ancient holidays.
Author of the text Olga Maksimenko, " magazine; Personnel Plus “.
was Translated from Ukrainian by Andrey Makarov.