Rus Articles Journal

What winds walked across Ancient Greece?

If to look for wind, then only where everything is: in Greece.

Ancient Greeks saw everywhere gods and goddesses therefore accurately knew which way the wind is blowing: from Eoliya`s island where there lives a master of the winds Eol. Gods of Greece watched everything on the earth.

Odysseys with companions, trying to reach native Itaka, it appeared on this island. The tsar, wishing to help wanderers, cleaned all winds in a bag from a bull skin, having left only passing east which was so necessary for travelers. But the Odyssey team decided that it in the inflated wealth bag, and opened it, at that time when to Itaka remained absolutely slightly - slightly. Severe winds rose, the storm began, and rejected the ship a storm back to Eoliya.

From Eneida We recognize Virgil how the master of winds helped Juno to delay execution of destiny of Aeneas. That had to become the ancestor of founders of Rome, that Rome which will ruin Greece loved by the goddess. Therefore Trojan refugees, travelers by sea, at Eol`s will were misguided fury of the " winds; also are sent from Italy to Carthage.

Ancient Greeks worshipped four winds: To Boreas, a north, the Zephyr - western, Notusu - southern, Evusu - east. If the Ancient Greek mythology acquaints us with Evus and Notus a little, then about Boreas and the Zephyr there are long difficult myths narrating not only about gods, their intimacies and adventures, but also about life of their numerous descendants.

Boreas was especially esteemed, it was represented the mighty man of average years with long hair, often winged. Athenians erected to god of a sanctuary. In - the first because at the island Evbel strong North - the western wind destroyed part of the Persian fleet which attacked Greece (480 BC) ; in - the second because beautiful Orifiya (the Athenian tsarevna) was a wife Boreya. Once, blowing over Attica, the North saw the beautiful girl, but that did not want to become his wife. Boreas did not take out an insult, breaking everything on the way, rushed to Athens and, having seized Orifiya, carried away it far on the North. So she became his wife and mother Boreardov (Kalayda and Zeta). In general, in Ancient Greece considered that dissolute winds could be the cause of pregnancy of women and mares.

Borya also got married with an eriniya and the harpy from which he received horse posterity: twelve daughters. Trojan mares were capable to pass through sea waves and to jump on tops of the sprouting grains, without doing harm to crops.

The zephyr (the western wind) the temper was very similar to the brother Borey. So, Illiada Homer says that immortal horses of Achilles were descendants of the wind Zefira and the disgusting, fetid harpy. One of them, Xanthos, even had a speech power and predicted to the hero of the poem death. Impudently kidnapped the beloved, the nymph Hlorida, the Zephyr and made the wife, having presented as a wedding gift to the bride eternal spring. So the nymph in the Greek mythology began to be considered as the goddess of youth and youth.

Other legend says that, having fallen in love with the young Spartan Geotsint, wind suffers jealousy, seeing as darling has a good time with Apollo discus throw. In anger the Zephyr forces down the disk thrown by god`s hand, and the tool strikes the beautiful young man to death.

Are gusty, spontaneous, uncontrollable, really vetrena were Borya and the Zephyr. Not only weather, but also destinies of people and even gods depended on their mood.